Kishanganj

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
kishanganj
किशनगंज
کشن گنج
কিশানগঞ্জ
Town
Nickname(s): clean city in north-east bihar
kishanganj is located in Bihar
kishanganj
kishanganj
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 26°04′46″N 87°56′14″E / 26.07944°N 87.93722°E / 26.07944; 87.93722Coordinates: 26°04′46″N 87°56′14″E / 26.07944°N 87.93722°E / 26.07944; 87.93722
Country  India
State Bihar
District Kishanganj
Area rank 652
Population [citation needed]
 • Total 107,076
Languages
 • Official Surjapuri, Bangla, Maithili, Rajbanshi and Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 855107,855108
Literacy 74.71%
Website http://www.kishanganj.bih.nic.in/
Ramzan River at Kishanganj

Kishanganj is a city and district headquarters of Kishanganj district in Purnea division of Bihar state. Nestled in the foothill of Himalaya this border district historically has been part of Nepal and Sikkim. Kishanganj old name is Nepalgarh. In 1840 Kishanganj became part of main land Indian subcontinent after the local ruler lost battle with Mughals. Subsequently, it was absorbed in British empire. It is part of the chicken neck of Indian map. It is located at 26°04′46″N 87°56′14″E . Main rivers of this district are Mechi, Mahananda, Kankai. it is the only tea producing district in Bihar. It is one of the most sensitive districts of India, as the borders of this district are very near to Bangladesh(10 km), touching Nepal in southeast and north to Uttar Dinajpur and Darjeeling district of West Bengal respectively.Kishanganj has seven Blocks.

History[edit]

Some passages in the Mahabharata describing conquest of Bhima in eastern India furnish further information about the inhabitants of this part of country. Bhima, it is said, conquered Maharaja, the king of Kanski-kocha and the land of the Pandras. He also defeated Karna, the king of Anga, conquered the hills of tribes, killed the king of Modagri in the battle, and then subdued the powerful Pundra king.

Local tradition still speaks of the struggle and the conquest of the Kiratas. A Kirata woman from the Morang or Tarai is said to have been the wife of Raja Birat, who, it is said in Mahabharata, gave shelter to Yudhishthira and his four Pandava brothers during their 12 years of exile. The site is still pointed out at the Thakurganj in the north of this district. A big pond which is called Bhatdola to the west of Thakurganj is just adjacent to the railways lines still existing. People say that it was used by Draupadi, the wife of Panch Pandavas for cooking rice for the Pandavas. It is said to have been the site of the residence of the Raja Birat. Some stones with inscription were dug up at Thakurganj, which the villagers declare were the remains of the Birat's palace.

Kichaka Badh an ancient place which is only 3–4 miles (1.8-2.5 miles) from the Thakurganj lies in Morang. The brother-in-law of Birat Raja Kichaka was said to have resided at the palace of Birat Raja. It is said Bhima killed Kichaka here. A mela during Baruni-Snan is at this place every year for one day to offer homage to the fountain where Kichaka was killed.

Demographics[edit]

Kishanganj is geographically and historically part of the Koch Rajbanshi culture. The native people of the district are locally called Surjapuri on the basis of a place named Surjapur in Uttar Dinajpur/Bangladesh. Geographically and culturally part of north-east India Kishanganj is known for its rain and humid climate. As of the 2011 India census,[1] Kishanganj has a population of 107,076; of which male and female are 55,688 and 51,388 respectively.[2] Kishanganj has an average literacy rate of 64.24%: male literacy is 71.7%, and female literacy is 56.3%.[3] In Kishanganj, Total children (0-6) in Kishanganj city are 17,017 as per figure from Census India report on 2011. There were 8,743 boys while 8,274 are girls. The children form 15.89% of total population of Kishanganj City.

Religions in Kishanganj
Religion Percent
Muslims
  
78%
Hindus
  
20%
Jains
  
1.4%
Christians
  
0.2%
Others†
  
0.4%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

The regional language of Surjapuri is spoken by majority of people in Kishanganj. Hindi, Bengali, and Urdu are also spoken. It is one of the most sensitive district of Bihar due to its proximity to Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan and Tibbet. CRPF and BSF companies are present round the clock in city.

Transport[edit]

According to the statistics, Kishanganj has a major railhead which is connected to major cities and towns of India. Kishanganj railway station comes under Northeast Frontier Railway (NFR). The railway station and NH 31 are connecting northeastern region of India to the rest of India. It has direct train connected to majority of major cities namely- New Delhi, Mumbai, Patna, Kolkata, Guwahati, Bangalore, Chennai, Trivandrum etc. Garib Nawaz express starts from here for Ajmer. Rajdhani Express which runs between Delhi and Guwahati has its stoppage in Kishanganj. The National Highway No. 31 runs along with the railway line. NH 31 is one of the important and busiest highways in India. You can see that the national highway 31 in Kishanganj is beautifully made with the chain of flyovers.

[4]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Kishanganj, Bihar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 24.0
(75.2)
26.6
(79.9)
31.9
(89.4)
34.7
(94.5)
33.7
(92.7)
32.5
(90.5)
31.9
(89.4)
31.9
(89.4)
31.8
(89.2)
31.1
(88)
29.0
(84.2)
25.3
(77.5)
30.37
(86.66)
Average low °C (°F) 9.8
(49.6)
11.6
(52.9)
15.9
(60.6)
20.6
(69.1)
23.6
(74.5)
25.2
(77.4)
25.7
(78.3)
25.4
(77.7)
24.8
(76.6)
21.8
(71.2)
15.2
(59.4)
10.7
(51.3)
19.19
(66.55)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 11
(0.43)
6
(0.24)
22
(0.87)
36
(1.42)
165
(6.5)
479
(18.86)
532
(20.94)
399
(15.71)
360
(14.17)
83
(3.27)
6
(0.24)
0
(0)
2,099
(82.65)
Source: en.climate-data.org

Media[edit]

Kishanganj has an All India Radio Relay station known as Akashvani Kishanganj. It broadcasts on FM frequencies.[citation needed]

References[edit]