Kishanganj

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Kishanganj
Town
Kishanganj is located in Bihar
Kishanganj
Kishanganj
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 26°04′46″N 87°56′14″E / 26.07944°N 87.93722°E / 26.07944; 87.93722Coordinates: 26°04′46″N 87°56′14″E / 26.07944°N 87.93722°E / 26.07944; 87.93722
Country  India
State Bihar
District Kishanganj
Area rank 652
Population (2011)
 • Total 107,076
Languages
 • Official Maithili, Surjapuri, Hindi, Urdu
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN 855107,855108
Literacy 55.46%(2011)
Website http://www.kishanganj.bih.nic.in/
Ramzan River at Kishanganj

Kishanganj is a city and district headquarters of Kishanganj district in Purnea division of Bihar state.

History[edit]

Kishanganj, which was previously part of Purnia district, is part of the Mithila region.[1] Mithila first gained prominence after being settled by Indo-Aryan peoples who established the Mithila Kingdom (also called Kingdom of the Videhas).[2] During the late Vedic period (c. 1100–500 BCE), Kingdom of the Videhas became one of the major political and cultural centers of South Asia, along with Kuru and Pañcāla. The kings of the Kingdom of the Videhas were called Janakas.[3] The Mithila Kingdom was later incorporated into the Vajji confederacy, which had its capital in the city of Vaishali, which is also in Mithila.[4]

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2011 India census,[5] Kishanganj has a population of 107,076; of which male and female are 55,688 and 51,388 respectively.[6] Kishanganj has an average literacy rate of 64.24%: male literacy is 71.7%, and female literacy is 56.3%.[7] In Kishanganj, Total children (0-6) in Kishanganj city are 17,017 as per figure from Census India report on 2011. There were 8,743 boys while 8,274 are girls. The children form 15.89% of total population of Kishanganj City. It is one of the few districts where the population of Muslims are in majority.

Religions in Kishanganj[8]
Religion Percent
Hindus
31.43%
Muslims
67.98%
Jains
0.07%
Christians
0.34%
Others†
0.24%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.02%), Buddhists (<0.01%).

Transport[edit]

According to the statistics, Kishanganj has a major railhead which is connected to major cities and towns of India. Kishanganj railway station comes under Northeast Frontier Railway (NFR) and is 'A' category station of Indian Railways. The railway station and NH 31 are connecting northeastern region of India to the rest of India. It has direct train connected to majority of major cities namely- New Delhi, Mumbai, Patna, Kolkata, Guwahati, Bangalore, Chennai, Thiruvananthapuram etc. Garib Nawaz express starts from here for Ajmer. Rajdhani Express which runs between Delhi and Guwahati has its stoppage in Kishanganj. The National Highway No. 31 runs along with the railway line. NH 31 is one of the important and busiest highways in India. You can see that the national highway 31 in Kishanganj is beautifully made with the chain of flyovers. It is also connected with Bagdogra International Airport in Bagdogra which is about 60 km away from Kishanganj. [9]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Kishanganj, Bihar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 24.0
(75.2)
26.6
(79.9)
31.9
(89.4)
34.7
(94.5)
33.7
(92.7)
32.5
(90.5)
31.9
(89.4)
31.9
(89.4)
31.8
(89.2)
31.1
(88)
29.0
(84.2)
25.3
(77.5)
30.4
(86.7)
Average low °C (°F) 9.8
(49.6)
11.6
(52.9)
15.9
(60.6)
20.6
(69.1)
23.6
(74.5)
25.2
(77.4)
25.7
(78.3)
25.4
(77.7)
24.8
(76.6)
21.8
(71.2)
15.2
(59.4)
10.7
(51.3)
19.2
(66.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 11
(0.43)
6
(0.24)
22
(0.87)
36
(1.42)
165
(6.5)
479
(18.86)
532
(20.94)
399
(15.71)
360
(14.17)
83
(3.27)
6
(0.24)
0
(0)
2,099
(82.65)
Source: en.climate-data.org

Media[edit]

Kishanganj has an All India Radio Relay station known as Akashvani Kishanganj. It broadcasts on FM frequencies.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thakur, Minni (22 July 2018). "Women Empowerment Through Panchayati Raj Institutions". Concept Publishing Company – via Google Books. 
  2. ^ Michael Witzel (1989), Tracing the Vedic dialects in Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes ed. Caillat, Paris, pages 13, 17 116–124, 141–143
  3. ^ Witzel, M. (1989). "Tracing the Vedic dialects". In Caillat, C. Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes. Paris: Fondation Hugot. pp. 141–143. 
  4. ^ Hemchandra, R. (1972). Political History of Ancient India. Calcutta: University of Calcutta. 
  5. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  6. ^ "District Informatics Center, Kishanganj, Bihar". 
  7. ^ [1][dead link]
  8. ^ "Kishanganj City Population Census 2011 - Bihar". www.census2011.co.in. 
  9. ^ "Kishanganj Pincode". citypincode.in. Retrieved 2014-05-19.