Kishanganj district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Kishanganj.
Kishanganj district
किशनगंज जिला, ضلع کشن گنج
District of Bihar
Location of Kishanganj district in Bihar
Location of Kishanganj district in Bihar
Country India
State Bihar
Administrative division Purnia
Headquarters Kishanganj
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Kishanganj
 • Assembly seats Bahdurganj, Thakurganj, Kishanganj, Kochadhaman, Amour, Baisi
Area
 • Total 1,884 km2 (727 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,690,948
 • Density 900/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 57.04 per cent
 • Sex ratio 946
Major highways NH 31
Website Official website

Kishanganj district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India, and Kishanganj town is the administrative headquarters of this district. Kishanganj district is a part of Purnia division.

Etymology[edit]

Kishanganj is a Beautiful,Clean and Evergreen town and district of Bihar, India (855107, 855108). It is also known as the 'CHERAPUNJI OF BIHAR' due to the heavy Rainfall tooks place here every year to more than any town or city in Bihar. Headquarters of Kishanganj district is in Kishanganj itself, Katihar and Purnia Division of Bihar state. Nestled in the foothill of Himalaya this border district historically has been part of Nepal and Sikkim. Kishanganj old name is 'NEPALGARH'. In 1840 Kishanganj became part of main land Indian subcontinent after the local ruler lost battle with Mughals. Subsequently it was absorbed in British Empire. It is part of the 'CHICKEN NECK'of Indian map and also the Geographical Name of Kishanganj is 'CHICKEN NECK'. During the period of Khagada Nawab, Mohammed Fakiruddin, a Hindu saint, arrived. He was tired and wanted to rest. But when he heard that this place name is Alamganj, the river name is Ramzan and the Jamindar name is Fakiruddin, he refused to enter Alamganj. After that the Nawab announced some portion from Kishanganj Gudri to Ramzan pool. As time passed, the name got converted to Kishanganj.

History[edit]

Kishanganj was an old and important Sub-Division of Purnia district. After the long and hard struggle of around seventeen years by the people of Kishanganj including social workers, politicians, journalists, businessmen, farmers, etc., the Kishanganj district was carved out of Purnia district on 14 January 1990.[1]

For last several centuries Kishanganj was called Nepalgarh. When on the instructions of the Mughal emperor, Mohammed Reza captured the fort at Nepalgarh, the name was changed to Alamganj. It later became Kishanganj.[1]

It is said to be Thakurganj is named after Bhim - the great hero of Mahabharata who served as a Thakur (cook) in the house of Raja Birat. It is mentioned in the Mahabharata that Raja Birat gave shelter to the five Pandava brothers during their one-year incognito exile. There are two tanks of Bhatdhala and Sagdhala, which the local people say were utilized by Bhim as a receptacle of Bhat and Saag after cooking. Biratnagar of the Mahabharata is said to be located here, and not in Nepal, as some stones with inscription were dug up. East of Thakurganj a small town, Sonapur, is situated just on the Siliguri highway.

Geography[edit]

Kishanganj district occupies an area of 1,884 square kilometres (727 sq mi),[2] comparatively equivalent to Maui in the United States.[3] Kishanganj district is surrounded by Araria district in the west, Purnia district in the south-west, Uttar Dinajpur district of West Bengal on the east, and Darjeeling district of West Bengal and Nepal on the north. A narrow strip of West Bengal, about 20 km wide separates it from Bangladesh.[4]

Kishanganj district is located between 250 20’ and 260 30’ north latitudes, and 870 7’ and 880 19’ east longitudes.[1]

Major rivers flowing through the district are Mahananda, Kankai, Mechi, Donk, Ratua and Ramzan Sudhani.[1]

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Kishanganj District as an economically distressed district, one of 250 out of a total of 640 districts.[5] It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[5]

Sub-divisions[edit]

The district comprises only one sub-division, Kishanganj, which is further divided into seven blocks: Bhahadurganj, Dighalbank, Kishanganj, Kochadhaman, Pothia, Terhagachha, Thakurgunj

Education[edit]

On 30 January 2014, the foundation stone was laid down of the Kishanganj campus of Aligarh Muslim University by Sonia Gandhi [6] Wasi Teaching Centre Chhattergatchh
Dr A P J Abdul Kalam Agriculture College Arrabari foundation laid by Bihar CM Nitish Kumar.

It has many schools affiliated to CBSE like BAL MANDIR SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL, ORIENTAL PUBLIC SCHOOL, CRESCENT PUBLIC SCHOOL, etc.

Demographics[edit]

Religion in Bihar
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
29%
Muslims
  
70%
Others
  
1%

According to the 2011 census Kishanganj district has a population of 1,690,948,[7] roughly equal to the nation of Guinea-Bissau[8] or the US state of Idaho.[9] This gives it a ranking of 293rd in India (out of a total of 640).[7] The district has a population density of 898 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,330/sq mi) .[7] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 30.44%.[7] Kishanganj has a sex ratio of 946 females for every 1,000 males,[7] and a literacy rate of 57.04%.[7]

A vast majority of the people live in the villages. A predominantly Muslim area, with Muslims forming about 70 per cent of the population,[7] there are also Hindus of whom are Surajpuris. There also are small Santal pockets.[10][11] The inhabitants of Kishanganj mostly speak Surajpuri, one of the Rajbongshi languages which has much similarities with Bengali. Kishanganj district had a literacy rate of 31.02 per cent in 2001, the lowest amongst all the districts of Bihar. The literacy rate of Bihar at 47.53 per cent is amongst the lowest in India, which has a literacy rate of 64.84 per cent. While the male literacy rate in Kishanganj district stood at 42.8 per cent, female literacy at 18.49 per cent was one of the lowest in India.[11][12]

See also - Literacy In Bihar

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Kishanganj District (Bihar)". Kishanganj district administration. Retrieved 2010-10-08. 
  2. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  3. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. Maui 1,888km2 
  4. ^ "Kishanganj district map". Maps of India. Retrieved 2010-10-08. 
  5. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  6. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/patna/Sonia-to-lay-foundation-of-AMU-Kishanganj-unit-today/articleshow/29571536.cms
  7. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  8. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Guinea-Bissau 1,596,677 July 2011 est. 
  9. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Idaho 1,567,582 
  10. ^ "The Socio-Economic and Political Scenario of Kishanganj District". Azad India Foundation. Retrieved 2010-10-08. 
  11. ^ a b "Kishanganj: Bihar's most backward district in quest for AMU centre". TwoCircles.net. Retrieved 2010-10-08. 
  12. ^ "District-specific Literates and Literacy Rates, 2001". Registrar General, India, Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 2010-10-05. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°40′36″N 86°56′45″E / 25.676796°N 86.945708°E / 25.676796; 86.945708