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A kishlak near Samarkand of early 1900s

Kishlak or qishlaq (Uzbek: qishloq, Turkmen: gyşlag, Turkish: kışlak, Azerbaijani: qışlaq, Persian: قشلاق‎), or qıştaq (Kyrgyz: кыштак) qıstaw (Kazakh: қыстау) is a rural settlement of semi-nomadic Turkic peoples of Central Asia and Azerbaijan. The meaning of the term is "wintering place" in Turkic languages (derives from Turkic qış - winter).[1]

Traditionally, a clay/mud fence (dewal, duval, from Persian: دیوار divār) surrounds a kishlak.

The term may be seen in the toponyms, such as Afgan-Kishlak (Uzbekistan), Yangi-Kishlak (Turkmenistan), Qışlaq (Azerbaijan) or Qeshlaq in Iran (such as Qeshlaq, Qareh Qeshlaq, and Qeshlaq Khas).


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Kishlak", Encyclopedia of Central Asia