Kisielin massacre

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Kisielin massacre is located in Poland
Kisielin 
Kisielin 
Location of Kisielin massacre on the map of Poland from before the 1939 invasion

Kisielin massacre was a massacre of Polish worshipers which took place in the Volhynian village of Kisielin (Second Polish Republic until 1939), now Kysylyn, located in the Volyn Oblast, Ukraine.[1] It took place on Sunday, July 11, 1943, when units of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA), supported by local Ukrainian peasants, surrounded Poles who had gathered for a ceremony at a local Roman-Catholic church. Around 60 to 90 persons or more,[2] men, women and children – were ordered to take off their clothes and were then massacred by machine gun. The wounded were killed with weapons such as axes and knives.[2] Those who survived (around 200 by some accounts) escaped to the presbytery and barricaded themselves for eleven hours.[3][4]

Kisielin massacre was a part of a wave of Ukrainian massacres of Poles in Volhynia. Among its survivors were parents of Polish composer Krzesimir Dębski, who in the early 2000s accompanied his mother to Kisielin. His trip was featured in Agnieszka Arnold's 2003 movie Oczyszczenie (Cleansing). Other survivors included also Faustyn Kraszewski, grandfather of Marek Jerzy Minakowski, but at least five killed belonged to his family.[4]

The massacre was a subject of a 2009 Polish historical documentary film "Było sobie miasteczko..." produced by Adam Kruk for Telewizja Polska.[5] The film recounts the tragic memories of the Polish Catholics originally from Kisielin as well as those of the Ukrainians peasants who remained, but also, it is a reflection on the eradication of Polish culture and tradition in the entire region of Western Ukraine, and the painful legacy that lingers.[5]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ Rąkowski, Grzegorz (2006). Wołyń. Oficyna Wydawnicza Rewasz. p. 203. ISBN 83-89188-46-5. Retrieved November 17, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b Terles, Mikolaj (1993). Ethnic cleansing of Poles in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia, 1942-1946. Alliance of the Polish Eastern Provinces, University of Michigan. p. 39. ISBN 0-9698020-0-5. Retrieved November 17, 2010. 
  3. ^ Zawacka, Elżbieta; Dorota Kromp (2004). Słownik biograficzny kobiet odznaczonych Orderem Wojennym Virtuti Militari. Fundacja Archiwum i Muzeum Pomorskie Armii Krajowej oraz Wojskowej Służby Polek. p. 141. ISBN 83-88693-03-4. Retrieved November 17, 2010. 
  4. ^ a b Władysław Siemaszko, Ewa Siemaszko Ludobójstwo dokonane przez nacjonalistów ukraińskich na ludności polskiej Wołynia 1939-1945, Warszawa 2000, ISBN 83-87689-34-3.
  5. ^ a b "BYŁO SOBIE MIASTECZKO..." (There once was a town...), National Film School in Łódź (Państwowa Wyższa Szkoła Filmowa, Telewizyjna i Teatralna im. Leona Schillera), Łódź, Poland 1998. (Polish)

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 50°22′12″N 24°16′48″E / 50.37000°N 24.28000°E / 50.37000; 24.28000