Kissidougou

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Kissidougou
Sub-prefecture and town
Kissidougou market on a quiet day.
Kissidougou market on a quiet day.
Kissidougou is located in Guinea
Kissidougou
Kissidougou
Coordinates: 09°11′0″N 10°6′0″W / 9.18333°N 10.10000°W / 9.18333; -10.10000Coordinates: 09°11′0″N 10°6′0″W / 9.18333°N 10.10000°W / 9.18333; -10.10000
Country  Guinea
Region Faranah Region
Prefecture Kissidougou Prefecture
Population (2014 census)
 • Total 102,675

Kissidougou is a city in southern Guinea. It is the capital of in the Kissidougou Prefecture. Following intensified conflicts in Sierra Leone and Liberia during the fall and winter of 2000, many people from the city of Guéckédou fled to Kissidougou and stayed. As of 2014 it had a population of 102,675 people.[1]

The town is served by Kissidougou Airport.

Kissidougou City[edit]

Founded in the eighteenth century, the city is known for the coffee plantations and large expanses of nearby forest. Other attractions in the city include a museum, a football team and a major bridge.

Although the market is open 7 days a week, it is especially busy on Tuesdays. The word Kissidougou means a place of refuge in the language of the Kissi, the largest local ethnic group.

The musician Mory Kanté is from Kissidougou.

Ethnicity[edit]

Paul Keita, mayor of Kissidougou

Besides the dominant Kissi, there are many other ethnic groups living in Kissidougou, including the Malinké and Fula. Many Loma people live in this region as well, especially between Kissidougou and Macenta.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Kissidougou
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 35.0
(95)
36.7
(98.1)
36.8
(98.2)
35.7
(96.3)
34.3
(93.7)
31.7
(89.1)
30.2
(86.4)
30.5
(86.9)
31.1
(88)
31.6
(88.9)
32.4
(90.3)
33.5
(92.3)
33.3
(91.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 22.5
(72.5)
24.5
(76.1)
26.9
(80.4)
26.5
(79.7)
25.6
(78.1)
24.6
(76.3)
23.8
(74.8)
23.8
(74.8)
24.1
(75.4)
24.4
(75.9)
24.0
(75.2)
22.3
(72.1)
24.4
(75.9)
Average low °C (°F) 8.5
(47.3)
10.9
(51.6)
14.6
(58.3)
18.0
(64.4)
17.9
(64.2)
17.9
(64.2)
17.9
(64.2)
18.2
(64.8)
17.6
(63.7)
16.8
(62.2)
13.6
(56.5)
9.3
(48.7)
15.1
(59.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7
(0.28)
26
(1.02)
46
(1.81)
129
(5.08)
206
(8.11)
257
(10.12)
264
(10.39)
339
(13.35)
328
(12.91)
244
(9.61)
77
(3.03)
16
(0.63)
1,939
(76.34)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 1 2 4 9 16 18 19 21 22 18 7 1 138
Average relative humidity (%) 54 55 58 69 76 80 82 83 81 79 75 62 71
Source: NOAA[2]

Refugee crisis[edit]

Throughout the 1990s, the government of Guinea, in cooperation with the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR), provided international protection and assistance to Sierra Leonian and Liberian refugees residing along Guinea’s southern border. In December 2000 and January 2001, a series of cross border attacks resulted in a massive shift in refugee (and Guinean) populations. Many fled to the Kissidougou and N'Zérékoré Prefectures in the Forest Region of Guinea. In February 2001, relocation of the Gueckédou and Faranah camps began with the transfer of temporary refugee settlements to new camps in the Albadariah sub-prefecture of Kissidougou.

Throughout 2001, there were more than 400,000 refugees in Guinea, many in Kissidougou. This massive influx of Sierra Leonian refugees placed great stress on the government of Guinea as well as upon international aid organizations' ability to provide a stable, secure refuge.[3]

There were widespread accounts of sexual violence throughout the camps, despite the best efforts of the international relief organizations.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Guinea". Institut National de la Statistique, Guinea, accessed via Geohive. Archived from the original on 24 November 2015. Retrieved 12 September 2014. 
  2. ^ "Kissidougou Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved October 19, 2015. 
  3. ^ refugeesinternational.org
  4. ^ www.arcrelief.org, KAP Survey Archived 2007-06-29 at the Wayback Machine.