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Kit Bond

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Kit Bond
United States Senator
from Missouri
In office
January 3, 1987 – January 3, 2011
Preceded byThomas Eagleton
Succeeded byRoy Blunt
Chair of the Senate Small Business Committee
In office
January 4, 1995 – June 6, 2001
Preceded byDale Bumpers
Succeeded byJohn Kerry
47th and 49th Governor of Missouri
In office
January 12, 1981 – January 14, 1985
LieutenantKen Rothman
Preceded byJoseph P. Teasdale
Succeeded byJohn Ashcroft
In office
January 8, 1973 – January 10, 1977
LieutenantBill Phelps
Preceded byWarren E. Hearnes
Succeeded byJoseph Teasdale
28th Auditor of Missouri
In office
January 11, 1971 – January 8, 1973
GovernorWarren Hearnes
Preceded byHaskell Holman
Succeeded byJohn Ashcroft
Personal details
Christopher Samuel Bond

(1939-03-06) March 6, 1939 (age 85)
St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Carolyn Reid
(m. 1967; div. 1994)
Linda Pell
(m. 2002)
EducationPrinceton University (BA)
University of Virginia (JD)

Christopher Samuel Bond (born March 6, 1939) is an American attorney, politician and former United States Senator from Missouri and a member of the Republican Party. First elected to the U.S. Senate in 1986, he defeated Democrat Harriett Woods by a margin of 53–47%. He was re-elected in 1992, 1998, and 2004. On January 8, 2009, he announced that he would not seek re-election to a fifth term in 2010, and was succeeded by fellow Republican Roy Blunt on January 3, 2011.[1] Following his retirement from the Senate, Bond became a partner at Thompson Coburn.[2]

Before beginning his 24-year long career in the U.S. Senate, Bond served two non-consecutive terms as Governor of Missouri, from 1973 to 1977 and from 1981 to 1985. He was previously State Auditor of Missouri from 1971 to 1973.

Early life, education, and law career[edit]

A sixth-generation Missourian, Bond was born in St. Louis, Missouri, the son of Elizabeth (née Green) and Arthur D. Bond.[3] His father was captain of the 1924 Missouri Tigers football team and a Rhodes Scholar. His maternal grandfather, A.P. Green, founded A.P. Green Industries, a fireclay manufacturer and a major employer for many years in Bond's hometown Mexico, Missouri. He was the benefactor and namesake of A. P. Green Chapel at the University of Missouri.

Bond graduated from Deerfield Academy in 1956 and then attended Princeton University and graduated in 1960 with an A.B. from the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs.[4] He completed a 162-page senior thesis that year titled "Missouri Farm Organizations and the Problems of Agriculture".[5] While a student at Princeton, Bond was a member of the Quadrangle Club.[6] He graduated first in his class from the University of Virginia School of Law in 1963 with a J.D.[7]

Bond served as a law clerk (1963–64) to the Honorable Elbert Tuttle, then Chief Judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit in Atlanta, Georgia. Bond practiced law (1964–67) at Covington & Burling in Washington, D.C.[8]

Early political career[edit]

Bond moved back to his hometown of Mexico, Missouri in the fall of 1967, and ran for Congress in 1968 in Missouri's 9th congressional district, the rural northeastern part of the state. He defeated Anthony Schroeder in the August Republican primary, 56% to 44%, winning 19 of the district's 23 counties.[9]

In the November general election, Bond came close to defeating incumbent Democratic U.S. Congressman Bill Hungate, 48% to 52%. Bond won eight of the district's 23 counties.[10] Out of Hungate's five re-election campaigns, that 1968 election against Bond was his worst performance.[11]

State Attorney General John Danforth hired Bond as an Assistant Attorney General in 1969, where Bond led the office's Consumer Protection Division. In 1970, at the age of 31, Bond was elected Missouri State Auditor.[12]

Governor of Missouri[edit]

Bond's official photo during his first term as Governor

In 1972, Bond was elected governor of Missouri by a margin of 55% to 45%, making him, at 33 years of age, the youngest governor in the history of Missouri. Bond was the first Republican in 28 years to serve as governor of Missouri.[12] Bond's residency qualifications to be governor were challenged, but were upheld by the Missouri Supreme Court in 1972. Missouri law said the governor had to be a resident for 10 years. In the 10 years before his run, he had attended law school in Virginia, clerked for a federal appeals court judge in Atlanta, worked for a firm in Washington, D.C., applied to take the bar in Virginia and Georgia, registered a car in Washington, D.C., and applied for a marriage license in Kentucky. The Court sided with him, commenting that residence "is largely a matter of intention" and did not require "actual, physical presence". The court ruled a residence was "that place where a man has his true, fixed and permanent home and principal establishment, and to which whenever he is absent he has the intention of returning."[13]

For the 1976 United States presidential election, he was on the short list to be Gerald Ford's vice-presidential running mate.[14] In many ways, Bond governed as a moderate during his first term as governor: for example, he drew criticism from conservatives for his support of the Equal Rights Amendment. On June 25, 1976, he signed an executive order rescinding the Extermination Order against Mormons issued by Governor Lilburn Boggs on October 27, 1838.[15]

In a surprising upset in 1976, Bond was narrowly defeated for re-election by Democrat Joseph P. Teasdale, then Jackson County Prosecutor. Afterwards, Bond returned to practicing law, setting up the Great Plains Legal Foundation, a group which fought agriculture regulations.[16] In 1980, Bond made a successful comeback, defeating fellow Republican and incumbent Lieutenant Governor Bill Phelps in the primary, and Teasdale in November. His second term had been plagued by budget issues, with the Missouri commissioner of administration Stephen Bradford telling Bond: "Governor, I'm sorry to tell you this, but there's no money".[17] Among Bond's most noted accomplishments was helping take the Parents As Teachers program statewide.[18][19] Bond served as the Chairman of the Midwestern Governors Association in 1977 and 1983.[20] Bond was succeeded as governor in 1985 by John Ashcroft, a Republican who Bond had appointed to complete his unexpired term as State Auditor after he was elected governor. Ashcroft later served alongside Bond in the Senate.[21]

Bond in 1981

U.S. Senate[edit]


After Senator Thomas Eagleton decided not to run for re-election, Bond was elected senator in 1986, defeating Lieutenant Governor Harriett Woods by 53% to 47% . Bond was re-elected in 1992 by less than expected over St. Louis County Councilwoman Geri Rothman-Serot, ex-wife of former Lieutenant Governor Ken Rothman. In 1998 Bond decisively defeated Attorney General (and future Governor) Jay Nixon and Libertarian Tamara Millay after a hard-fought campaign, and in 2004 he won re-election over Democratic challenger State Treasurer Nancy Farmer with 56 percent of the vote.

Facing the expiration of his fourth full term in January 2011, Bond announced on January 8, 2009, that he did not plan to seek a fifth term and would not run for re-election in November 2010.[1] Representative Roy Blunt held the seat for the Republicans, defeating Democratic Secretary of State Robin Carnahan.[22]


Environmental record[edit]

The environmental watchdog group Republicans for Environmental Protection (REP) has given Bond an exceptionally low rating of −2 for the 109th United States Congress, citing anti-environment votes on seven out of seven issues deemed critical by the organization. According to the 2006 REP scorecard, Bond supported oil drilling both offshore and in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, while opposing a bill for "efficiency and renewable-resource programs to improve energy security, lower costs, and reduce energy-related environmental impacts".[23] He indicated support for zero-carbon energy from nuclear power in a 2008 Senate floor speech.[24]


Commenting on an IRS spokesman's claim that a person catching a record-breaking home run ball from Mark McGwire could be "responsible for paying any applicable tax on any large gift", which was thought to be close to $140,000 in this circumstance, Bond said: "If the IRS wants to know why they are the most hated federal agency in America, they need look no further than this."[25]


Bond has opposed setting forth interrogation methods used by the Central Intelligence Agency to conform to the U.S. Army Field Manual.[26] While drawing criticism for being one of only nine senators to oppose such a bill, Bond said on the floor that he does not favor or approve of torture.[citation needed]

In a memo to CIA director John Brennan and others, he suggested banning specific techniques that could be considered torture in order to encourage servicemen to invent others on their own. He does not approve of making interrogation techniques public information on the basis that it would allow enemy combatants to train and prepare themselves for what they might go through if captured. He drew criticism when, during a debate he made a comment comparing waterboarding to swimming, stating "There are different ways of doing it. It's like swimming, freestyle, backstroke", in response to the question "do you think that waterboarding... constitutes torture?"[27]

Free trade[edit]

Bond with President George H.W. Bush

Bond has been a great supporter of expanding free trade to the third world, and he believes in giving presidential authority to fast track trade relations.[citation needed] He has voted for the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) and believes in permanently normalizing trade relations with China and Vietnam.[citation needed]

Government reform[edit]

While Bond voted in favor in banning members of Congress from receiving gifts from lobbyists[citation needed], he has generally opposed campaign reform. He voted against the McCain Feingold Act for bipartisan campaign finance solutions. Bond also voted against limiting contributions from corporations or labor.[citation needed]

Social issues[edit]

Bond received an 11% rating from the NAACP.[28] He has voted consistently against same-sex marriage, supporting the proposed constitutional ban of it.[29]

On June 25, 1976, Bond officially ordered the recension of Executive Order Number 44 issued by Lilburn W. Boggs in 1838 that ordered the expulsion or extermination of all Mormons from the State of Missouri and issued an apology to Mormons on behalf of all Missourians.[30][31]

As governor of the state of Missouri in 1983, Bond signed a declaration of recognition in support of the group known as the Northern Cherokee, now called the Northern Cherokee Nation of the Old Louisiana Territory attempting to grant a form of State recognition by way of executive order. This act was part of the group's attempt to gain Federal Recognition and to receive the related benefits for the group.[32][33][34]

Dismissal of U.S. attorneys controversy[edit]

In October 2008, Bond apologized to former U.S. Attorney Todd Graves, after a U.S. Justice Department report cited Bond for forcing Graves out over a disagreement with Representative Sam Graves. Following the report, Attorney General Michael Mukasey appointed a special prosecutor to investigate whether former Attorney General Alberto Gonzales and other officials involved in the firings of nine U.S. attorneys broke the law. Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington (CREW), a progressive activist group, filed an Ethics Committee complaint against Bond over his role in the ouster of Graves.[35]

In 2009, it was revealed according to White House documents that Graves was put on a dismissal list a month after White House e-mail indicated that his replacement was part of a deal between Bond and the Bush administration.[36] The e-mail suggested that Graves was replaced with a candidate favored by Bond for clearing the way for an appointment of a federal judge from Arkansas on the 8th Circuit Court of Appeals.[36]

Committee assignments[edit]

Post-government career[edit]

After leaving office in January 2011, Bond joined the law firm of Thompson Coburn.[2][37]

Bond serves as a co-chair of the Housing Commission at the Bipartisan Policy Center.[38]

In August 2011, Bond announced that he would join alliantgroup's strategic advisory board and serve as a senior adviser for the firm.[39]

Bond formally launched his own firm, Kit Bond Strategies, in November 2011.[40]

Missouri Apollo 17 goodwill Moon rock[edit]

In the last few days of his long political career, Kit Bond and his staff solved a mystery that had intrigued the press, Missouri politicians, and members of academia for much of 2010. Missouri state officials had wrongly believed that the state museum held a rare and valuable Apollo 17 lunar sample display containing a "goodwill Moon rock". On June 8, 2010, the state realized that what they actually had was only the Missouri Apollo 11 lunar sample display containing small samples of Moon dust rather than the $5-million piece of Apollo 17 history.[41][42] In cleaning out his senatorial office in December 2010, it was discovered that Bond had inadvertently taken the Apollo 17 display when he had left the governor's office. He subsequently returned the display to the governor of Missouri at the time, Jay Nixon, who passed it on to the Missouri State Museum. Bond was one of four former governors who had taken their states' lunar sample displays upon leaving office; the other three were the former governors of Colorado, West Virginia, and Arkansas.[43][44]

Personal life[edit]

Bond's son Sam graduated in 2003 from Princeton University, after which he became an officer in the United States Marine Corps and served multiple tours of duty in Iraq.[45][46] Sam later entered a career in business.[45]

In 1994, Bond's wife, Carolyn, filed for a divorce, which was finalized the following year.[citation needed] Bond married Linda Pell, now Linda Bond, in 2002. She grew up in the Kansas City suburb of Gladstone and is a partner of a fundraising firm that supports Republican organizations. She and Bond had dated in the late 1990s then again a few years later before they were engaged. It is her second marriage as well.[47]

After winning his second term as governor, Bond sued his investment manager and Paine Webber, alleging his $1.3 million trust fund had been drained. He was one of several clients who sued, and he settled in 1996 for $900,000.[48][49]

In 2009, Bond co-authored a book with Lewis Simons entitled The Next Front: Southeast Asia and the Road to Global Peace with Islam.[50]

Bond has permanent vision loss in one eye, which he attributes to undiagnosed amblyopia during childhood.[51][52]

Places named after[edit]

Electoral history[edit]

After over 40 years in politics, Senator Bond announced on January 8, 2009, that he would not seek re-election in 2010.[54] Results of elections in which he was a candidate are summarized as follows:

U.S. Senator[edit]

2004 United States Senate election in Missouri

Kit Bond (R) (inc.) 56%
Nancy Farmer (D) 42.8%
Kevin Tull (Lib.) 0.7%
Don Griffin (Constitution) 0.4%

1998 United States Senate election in Missouri

Kit Bond (R) (inc.) 52.7%
Jay Nixon (D) 43.8%
Tamara Millay (Lib.) 2%
Curtis Frazier (U.S. Taxpayers) 1%
James F. Newport (Reform) 0.5%

1992 United States Senate election in Missouri

Kit Bond (R) (inc.) 51.9%
Geri Rothman-Serot (D) 44.9%
Jeanne Bojarski (Lib.) 3.2%

United States Senate election in Missouri, 1986

Kit Bond (R) 52.6%
Harriett Woods (D) 47.4%

As Governor of Missouri[edit]

Missouri gubernatorial election, 1980

Kit Bond (R) 52.6%
Joseph P. Teasdale (D) (Inc.) 47%
Helen Savio (Socialist Workers) 0.3%

Missouri gubernatorial election, 1976

Joseph P. Teasdale (D) 50.2%
Kit Bond (R) (Inc.) 49.6%
Others 0.2%

Missouri gubernatorial election, 1972

Kit Bond (R) 55.2%
Edward L. Dowd (D) 45.6%
Paul J. Leonard (Nonpartisan) 0.3%


  1. ^ a b "Sen. Kit Bond of Mo. announces retirement". United Press International. January 8, 2009. Retrieved November 17, 2009.
  2. ^ a b Carney, Timothy (January 5, 2011). "The Great 2010 Cashout: Kit Bond to K Street, not selling D.C. house". Washington Examiner.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "Genealogy of Christopher Samuel "Kit" Bond". rootsweb.com. Robert Battle. Retrieved November 17, 2009.
  4. ^ "Governor Christopher S. Bond". National Governors Association. January 8, 2017. Retrieved January 10, 2022.
  5. ^ Bond, Christopher Samuel (1960). Missouri Farm Organizations and the Problems of Agriculture. Princeton University Library (Thesis). Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. Retrieved May 25, 2020.
  6. ^ "Quadrangle Club". March 22, 2011. Retrieved March 19, 2013.
  7. ^ "Gov. Christopher S. Bond". National Governors Association. January 8, 2017. Retrieved January 10, 2022.
  8. ^ "GOP '88 Personality Spotlight;NEWLN:Christopher Bond: Vice presidential possibility". UPI. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
  9. ^ "Ourcampaigns.com". Ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  10. ^ "Ourcampaigns.com". Ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  11. ^ "Ourcampaigns.com". Ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  12. ^ a b Lieb, David A. "GOP sources: Sen. Kit Bond to announce retirement". Columbia Missourian. The Associated Press. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
  13. ^ Wagman, Jake (October 5, 2010). "Would Rahm pass the Kit Bond residency test?". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved May 7, 2017.
  14. ^ "Senators say whether they'd agree to be vice president". The Hill. May 12, 2008. Archived from the original on May 17, 2008. Retrieved May 7, 2017. had the pleasure of being on Gerald Ford's short list in '76
  15. ^ "160 years later, Illinois ready to offer Mormons an apology". tribunedigital-chicagotribune. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
  16. ^ Koenig, Rob (December 29, 2010). "Kit Bond: A groundbreaking career in Missouri politics". STLPR. Archived from the original on November 18, 2023. Retrieved November 18, 2023.
  17. ^ Beyle, Thad L. (1989). Gubernatorial Transitions : the 1983 and 1984 Elections. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. p. 81. ISBN 0822308584.
  18. ^ Cambria, Nancy. "Parents as Teachers faces Missouri cuts in its model state". stltoday.com. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
  19. ^ "Bond joins federal lobbying effort for Parents as Teachers". The Missouri Times. March 10, 2015. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
  20. ^ Marthaler, Emily (December 2008). "MGA Alumni: Johanns Wins Senate Bid" (PDF). MGA Newsletter. Midwestern Governors Association. p. 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 2, 2017. Retrieved May 7, 2017. Kit Bond (MGA chair in 1977 and 1983)
  21. ^ Toobin, Jeffrey (April 15, 2002). "Ashcroft's Ascent". The New Yorker. Retrieved May 7, 2017.
  22. ^ "Missouri election results 2010: Robin Carnahan defeated by Roy Blunt". The Washington Post. November 3, 2010. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
  23. ^ Republicans for Environmental Protection 2006 Scorecard Archived June 15, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  24. ^ "Yucca Mountain Bill Introduced". U.S. Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works. Archived from the original on October 2, 2022. Retrieved November 18, 2023.
  25. ^ James Bovard (2000). Feeling Your Pain: The Explosion and Abuse Of Government Power in the Clinton-Gore Years. New York: St. Martin's Press. p. 38. ISBN 978-0312230821.
  26. ^ Bond, Kit (January 15, 2009). "Let Congress Limit Permissible Interrogation Techniques". The Hill. Retrieved March 3, 2019. unworkable is the right way to describe proposals limiting interrogation techniques to those listed in the publicly available U.S. Army's Field Manual
  27. ^ Lawmakers Mull CIA Tape Probe Archived June 25, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, pbs.org, December 11, 2007.
  28. ^ "Kit Bond on Civil Rights". ontheissues.org. On the Issues. Retrieved November 11, 2009.
  29. ^ "Kit Bond on Civil Rights". ontheissues.org. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
  30. ^ Walley, Katie. "The growing Mormon church". Columbia Missourian. Archived from the original on January 8, 2009. Retrieved August 29, 2010.
  31. ^ "Branson Missouri: Mormon Massacre and Apology". Bransonmissouri.missourinetizen.com. September 16, 2008. Archived from the original on February 24, 2011. Retrieved August 29, 2010.
  32. ^ Gilbert, Joan (1996). The Trail of Tears across Missouri. Columbia: The Curators of the University of Missouri. p. 100. ISBN 0826210635. Retrieved November 17, 2009.
  33. ^ Bond, Christopher S. (June 22, 1983). "Proclamation: Office of the Governor State of Missouri". Angelfire. ncolt. Retrieved November 17, 2009.
  34. ^ Federalism and the State Recognition of Native American Tribes: A Survey of State-Recognized Tribes and State Recognition Processes Across the United States By Alexa Koenig and Jonathan Stein, pp. 60–64
  35. ^ "Group files ethics complaint against Bond". Kansas City Star. September 29, 2008. Retrieved May 17, 2007.
  36. ^ a b Johnson, Carrie (August 11, 2009). "Documents Detail Campaign to Oust U.S. Attorney". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 11, 2009.
  37. ^ "Bond joins St. Louis-based law firm Thompson Coburn". St. Louis Post Dispatch. January 4, 2011. Retrieved November 18, 2011.
  38. ^ "Housing Commission". bipartisanpolicy.org. Bipartisan Policy Center. Archived from the original on October 31, 2011. Retrieved November 18, 2011.
  39. ^ "Kit Bond joins alliantgroup as adviser". St. Louis Business Journal. August 25, 2011. Retrieved November 18, 2011.
  40. ^ "Senator Bond Launches Kit Bond Strategies" (Press release). Kit Bond Strategies. November 8, 2011. Archived from the original on April 25, 2012. Retrieved November 18, 2011.
  41. ^ Janese Silvey (July 8, 2010). "Moon Rocks discovery a false alarm: Apollo 17 keepsake still missing after all". Columbia Daily Tribune. Archived from the original on March 21, 2012.
  42. ^ "Missouri State Museum Doesn't Have Apollo 17 Rock" Associated Press (The News Courier), July 9, 2010. [dead link]
  43. ^ Janese Silvey (December 23, 2010). "Moon Rock found in Kit Bond's Office". Columbia Daily Tribune. Archived from the original on December 12, 2012.
  44. ^ Jim Salter (Associated Press) (December 23, 2010). "Missing moon rock from Apollo 17 back in Missouri". Victoria Advocate. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved December 26, 2010.
  45. ^ a b Miller, Alfred (July 19, 2017). "Marine Veteran Sam Bond '03 Applies Leadership Lessons in Business". Princeton Alumni Weekly. Retrieved October 15, 2022.
  46. ^ Eisele, Al (March 8, 2006). "A Proud Senator Bond Bonds With His Son". HuffPost. Retrieved October 15, 2022.
  47. ^ Shesgreen, Deirdre (March 12, 2008). "Senatorial wife Linda Bond is a political player in her own right". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved October 16, 2022 – via The Dispatch / The Rock Island Argus.
  48. ^ Krauss, Clifford (May 14, 1993). "Senator Sues Over Lost Trust Fund". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 7, 2017.
  49. ^ "St. Louis Post-Dispatch from St. Louis, Missouri on October 3, 1998 (pg. 6)". Newspapers.com. Retrieved May 7, 2017.
  50. ^ Parnes, Amie (October 7, 2009). "Bond: My book's not 'for rednecks'". Politico. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  51. ^ U.S. Senator raises awareness of amblyopia Archived September 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, OphthalmologyTimes.com; accessed May 7, 2017.
  52. ^ "Senator Bond uses personal experience and guidance from AOA to develop legislation to boost state learning initiatives". American Optometric Association. July 19, 2006. Archived from the original on September 18, 2006.
  53. ^ Christopher S. "Kit" Bond Science and Technology Incubator, missouriwestern.edu; accessed December 25, 2016.
  54. ^ Bond will not seek another term, politico.com, January 8, 2009.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Haskell Holman
Auditor of Missouri
Succeeded by
Preceded by Governor of Missouri
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Joseph Teasdale
Governor of Missouri
Succeeded by
John Ashcroft
Party political offices
Preceded by
William T. Zimmerman
Republican nominee for State Auditor of Missouri
Succeeded by
Preceded by Republican nominee for Governor of Missouri
1972, 1976, 1980
Preceded by Chair of the Republican Governors Association
Succeeded by
Preceded by Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Missouri
(Class 3)

1986, 1992, 1998, 2004
Succeeded by
U.S. Senate
Preceded by United States Senator (Class 3) from Missouri
Served alongside: John Danforth, John Ashcroft, Jean Carnahan, Jim Talent, Claire McCaskill
Succeeded by
Roy Blunt
Preceded by Chair of the Senate Small Business Committee
Succeeded by
Preceded by Vice Chair of the Senate Intelligence Committee
Succeeded by
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded byas Former US Senator Order of precedence of the United States
as Former US Senator
Succeeded byas Former US Senator