North Iwo Jima
|Native name: |
|Area||5.57 km2 (2.15 sq mi)|
|Coastline||8.0 km (4.97 mi)|
|Highest elevation||792 m (2,598 ft)|
|Pop. density||0 /km2 (0 /sq mi)|
North Iwo Jima (北硫黄島, officially Kita-Iōtō, also frequently Kita-Iwō-jima Kita-Iōjima: "North Sulfur Island") is the northernmost island of the Volcano Islands group of the Bonin Islands, 80 km north of Iwo Jima. It is 1170 km south of Tokyo, 207 km SSW of Chichijima.
The island consists of the heavily eroded peak of a stratovolcano, which rises 792 m above sea level (804 m according to other sources). The peak is called Sakagi-ga-mine (榊ヶ峰), with another peak at Shimizu-ga-mine (清水峰, 665m). Its area is 5.57 km², and shore length 8.0 km. It is part of Ogasawara municipality and is uninhabited. Its Japanese name was changed to Kita-Iōtō on June 18, 2007.
The island was formerly inhabited. It was first settled by settlers from the Izu Islands in 1889, who lived in two towns, Ishinomura (east) and Nishimura (west). At the start of World War II, the population was 103. The civilian population was evacuated during the war.
Four men, flying a United States Navy S-3B Viking jet from the U.S. aircraft carrier John C. Stennis, died when their aircraft crashed on August 10, 2004 on Kita Iwo Jima during a naval exercise over the Pacific. They were Lt. Cmdr. Scott A. Zellem, 35, of Indiana, Pennsylvania; Lt. Patrick S. Myrick, 31, of Seattle; Lt. James J. Pupplo, 34, of Selden, New York; and Petty Officer 2nd Class Joshua B. Showalter, 24, of Fontana, California.
2009 total solar eclipse
- Teikoku's Complete Atlas of Japan, Teikoku-Shoin Co., Ltd., Tokyo, ISBN 4-8071-0004-1
- Brand, Donald D. The Pacific Basin: A History of its Geographical Explorations The American Geographical Society (New York, 1967) p.123,131.
- Welsch, Bernard (Jun 2004). "Was Marcus Island Discovered by Bernardo de la Torre in 1543?". The Journal of Pacific History. Taylor & Francis. Ltd. 39 (1): 109–122. doi:10.1080/00223340410001684886.
- Neal M. Bowers: "The Mariana, Volcano and Bonin Islands," in Otis W. Freeman: Geography of the Pacific, 1951, p. 229
- Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA's GSFC - map of Iwo Jima region
- (in Japanese) N. Iwo Jima page