Kitakami City Hall
Location of Kitakami in Iwate Prefecture
|• -Mayor||Toshihiko Takahashi (since May 2011)|
|• Total||437.55 km2 (168.94 sq mi)|
(March 1, 2017)
|• Density||212/km2 (550/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|• Flower||White lily|
|• Bird||Grey wagtail|
|Address||1-1 Yoshi-cho, Kitakami-shi, Iwate-ken 024-8501|
Kitakami (北上市 Kitakami-shi) is a city located in Iwate Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 March 2017[update], the city had an estimated population of 92,945, and a population density of 212 persons per km2 in 37,085 households. The total area of the city is 437.55 square kilometres (168.94 sq mi). The city is famous for the sakura that bloom in Tenshochi Park.
Kitakami is located in south-central Iwate Prefecture, in the Kitakami River valley, approximately 45 kilometers south of the prefectural capital of Morioka, and 490 kilometers north of Tokyo. The city is at the confluence of the Kitakami River and the Waga River and has an altitude ranging from 50 to 200 meters above sea level, rising to 400 meters in the east.
Kitakami has a humid climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by mild summers and cold winters. The average annual temperature in Kitakami is 10.5 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1319 mm with September as the wettest month and February as the driest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 24.3 °C, and lowest in January, at around -2.4 °C.
Per Japanese census data, the population of Kitakami has steadily increased over the past 40 years.
The area of present-day Kitakami was part of ancient Mutsu Province, and has been settled since at least the Jōmon period by the Emishi people. The area was a stronghold for the Emishi chieftain Aterui until his death at the hands of Sakanoue Tamuramaro. During the later portion of the Heian period, the area was ruled by the Abe clan, and became a battleground during the Former Nine Years War The Abe were followed by the Northern Fujiwara clan. During the Sengoku period, the area came under the control of the Nanbu clan. The area was part of Morioka Domain during the Edo period, under the Tokugawa shogunate, with the exception of two villages on its southeastern border, which were under Sendai Domain.
The town of Kurosawajiri was established by the Meiji period creation of the municipalities system on April 1, 1891. The modern city of Kitakami was founded on April 1, 1954, by the merger of the town of Kurosawajiri, with the villages of Iitoyo, Futako, Saraki, Oniyanai, Aisari and Fukuoka. On April 1, 1991 Kitakami absorbed the neighboring village of Ezuriko and town of Waga (both from Waga District).
The economy of Kitakami was traditionally agricultural; however, due to its ease of access with Sendai and Morioka via the Tohoku Expressway, the area has rapidly developed into a light manufacturing and transshipment center, with numerous industrial parks.
Kitakami has 17 public elementary schools and nine public junior high schools operated by the city government and five public high schools operated by the Iwate Prefectural Board of Education.
- East Japan Railway Company (JR East) – Tōhoku Shinkansen
- East Japan Railway Company (JR East) – Tōhoku Main Line
- East Japan Railway Company (JR East) – Kitakami Line
- Tōhoku Expressway – Kitakami-Kanegasaki IC, Kitakami-Ezuriko IC
- Akita Expressway – Kitakami IC, Kitakami-Nishi IC
- Japan National Route 4
- Japan National Route 107
- Japan National Route 456
The city is famous for the sakura that bloom in Tenshochi Park, which is regarded as one of the hundred best places in Japan to view cherry blossoms.
- USA – Concord, California, United States, sister cities since October 25, 1974
- China – Sanmenxia, Henan Province, China, friendship cities since May 25, 1985 
Noted people from Kitakami
- Tamaki Saitō, psychologist
- Hiroki Suzuki, actor
- Saori Takahashi, professional women’s volleyball player
- Tatsuo Hirano, politician 
- Yoshiaki Fujiwara, professional wrestler
- Akira Yaegashi, professional boxer
- Yoshida Tatsuya, musician
- Kitakami city official home page
- 詳細データ 岩手県北上市. 市町村の姿 グラフと統計でみる農林水産業 (in Japanese). Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. 2016. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
- Kitakami climate data
- Kitakami population statistics
- Kitakkami City Council
- "US-Japan Sister Cities by State". Asia Matters for America. Honolulu, HI: East-West Center. Retrieved 20 November 2015.
- "Sister Cities Friendship Cities". Kitakami City official home page. 2014. Retrieved 12 December 2015.
- Hirano Tatsuo official home page‹See Tfd›(in Japanese)
Media related to Kitakami, Iwate at Wikimedia Commons