Kitchener, New South Wales

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Kitchener
City of CessnockNew South Wales
Aberdare central mine.jpg
Photograph of the Aberdare Central Colliery, Kitchener
Population530 (2011 census)[1]
Postcode(s)2325
LGA(s)City of Cessnock
State electorate(s)Cessnock
Federal Division(s)Hunter
Suburbs around Kitchener:
Cessnock Kearsley
Greta Kitchener Abernethy
Pelton Quorrobolong

Kitchener is a small town in the City of Cessnock, in the Hunter Region in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Kitchener is located 5 kilometres south of the town of Cessnock, NSW and is adjacent to Werakata National Park and the Aberdare State Forest.

The town is named after Lord Kitchener, British secretary for War from July 1914.[2]

Mining history[edit]

Kitchener was the location of the Aberdare Central Colliery which was developed by Caledonian Collieries Ltd during World War I.[citation needed] The historic mine site has been preserved as a Heritage Park (including the poppet head structure). A number of the dwellings where originally occupied by mine management.

In 1914, the mine employed 93 people; four years later it employed 287.

In July 1943, a large fire caused the mine to close for 12 months.

The mine was closed in November 1961. The coal holding lease is still retained by Coal and Allied Limited.[3]

In 2009, a Chinese owned mining company, Austar, was granted approval to construct a surface infrastructure site just south of Kitchener. This facility was built to service the company's Longwall Top Coal Caving mining of the Greta Coal Seam (in the mine previously known as the Southland Coal Mine) south of Kitchener[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Kitchener (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 24 October 2013. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "2008 Development Control Plan" (PDF). Appendix E: Specific Areas – Kitchener Residential Area. City of Cessnock. 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-02-23. Retrieved 2010-12-29.
  3. ^ Delaney, John (1998). "Aberdare Central Colliery (Individual Mine History)". The Mines (Greta Coal Measures). Newcastle Regional Museum. Retrieved 2010-12-29.
  4. ^ "Annual Environmental Management Report (2009-10)" (PDF). Austar Coal Mine. 1998. Retrieved 2011-04-09.

External links[edit]