Nasuteas (Kichai Woman), a Kichai that was part of the Wichita tribe, 1898
|descendants are part of the Wichita and Affiliated Tribes|
|Regions with significant populations|
|United States (Louisiana, Oklahoma, Texas)|
|traditional tribal religion, Christianity|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Caddo, Pawnee, Wichita people|
The Kichai were most closely related to the Pawnee. French explorers encountered them on the Red River in Louisiana in 1701. By the 1830s and 1840s, they lived in Southern and Southwestern Oklahoma with the Wichita and in the Muscogee Creek Nation.
The Kichai were part of the complex, shifting political alliances of the South Plains. Early Europeans identified them as enemies of the Caddo. In 1712, they fought the Hainai along the Trinity River; however, they were allied with other member tribes of the Caddoan Confederacy and intermarried with the Kadohadacho during this time.
20th and 21st centuries
Caddo-Wichita-Delaware lands were broken up to individual allotments in the beginning of the 20th century. Kichai people's allotted lands were mainly in Caddo County, Oklahoma. Forty-seven full-blood Kichai lived in Oklahoma in 1950. There were only four at the end of the 20th century.
The Kichai are not a distinct federally recognized tribe, but they are instead enrolled in the Wichita and Affiliated Tribes. These tribes live mostly in Southwestern Oklahoma, particularly in Caddo County, to which they were forcibly relocated by the United States Government in the 19th century.
- Sanchez, Joe. "Kichai". Oklahoma Historical Society. Retrieved 30 May 2016.
- Sturtevant, 6
- Kichai Indian History. Access Genealogy. (retrieved 6 Sept 2009)
- Sturtevant, 618
- Krieger, Margery H. Kitchai Indians. The Handbook of Texas Online. (retrieved 6 Sept 2009)
- Loftin, Jack O. Stone Houses, Battle of. The Handbook of Texas Online. (retrieved 6 Sept 2009)
- Sturtevant, 616
- Science: Last of the Kitsai. Time. 27 June 1932 (retrieved 6 Sept 2009)
- Sturtevant, William C., general editor and Raymond D. Fogelson, volume editor. Handbook of North American Indians: Southeast. Volume 14. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution, 2004. ISBN 0-16-072300-0.