Kitsos Tzavelas

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General
Kyriakos Tzavelas
Κυριάκος Τζαβέλας
Kitsos Tzavelas.jpg
A portrait Kitsos Tzavelas
by Karl Krazeisen
Coat of arms of Greece (Wittelsbach).svg
Prime Minister of Greece
In office
5 September 1847 – 4 March 1848
MonarchOtto I
Preceded byIoannis Kolettis
Succeeded byGeorgios Kountouriotis
Personal details
Born
Kyriakos Tzavelas
(Κυριάκος Τζαβέλας)

c. 1800
Souli, Pashalik of Yanina, Ottoman empire (now Greece)
Died21 March 1855 (aged 55)
Athens, Kingdom of Greece
Resting placeFirst Cemetery of Athens
Political partyRussian Party
Spouse(s)Vasiliki Tzavela
RelationsLambros Tzavelas (grandfather)
Zigouris Tzavelas (brother)
Georgios Tzavelas (brother)
Nikolaos Tzavelas
Kostas Tzavelas
Parent(s)Fotos Tzavelas (father)
Moscho Tzavela (mother)
OccupationRevolutionary
Politician
Nickname(s)Kitsos (Κίτσος)
Military service
AllegianceFlag of Greece (1822-1978).svg First Hellenic Republic
Greece Kingdom of Greece
Branch/serviceGreek Revolution flag.svg Greek Revolutionary Army  Hellenic Army
RankGeneral
Battles/warsGreek War of Independence

Crimean War

Kyriakos “Kitsos” Tzavelas (Greek: Κυριάκος “Κίτσος” Τζαβέλας; 1800–1855) was a Greek fighter in the Greek War of Independence and later Hellenic Army General and Prime Minister of Greece.

Early years and Greek War of Independence[edit]

Tzavelas was born in Souli, Epirus in 1800. the son of Fotos Tzavelas and grandson of Lambros Tzavelas, both of whom were famous for their roles in the Souliot struggles against Ali Pasha, the Pasha of Yanina. He grew up in exile in Kerkyra. He played a leading role in the Greek War of Independence in 1821, alongside Georgios Karaiskakis, distinguishing himself especially during the siege of Missolonghi. After the arrival in Greece of Ioannis Kapodistrias, during the latter part of the war, Tzavelas was responsible for liberating a large part of Central Greece. He was a long-time rival of fellow Souliot Markos Botsaris.

After Independence[edit]

After Independence, Tzavelas became a supporter of Kapodistrias and eventually a leader in the Russian Party which was the conservative and arch-Orthodox political faction in the period of King Otto. Accused of planning a revolt against the king in 1834, Tzavelas was imprisoned by the Regency Council along with other politicians of the Russian Party. When King Otto came of age and took over the reins of government, Tzavelas was released and later was named aide-de-camp to the king.

He was subsequently appointed Minister of War in 1844 and, in 1847-1848, Prime Minister. In February 1854 he became the leader of the Epirus revolt, with the revolutionaries demanding union with Greece.[1]

Kitsos Tzavelas died in Athens on 21 March 1855.

He is buried in the First Cemetery of Athens.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Baumgart Winfried. Englische Akten zur Geschichte des Krimkriegs. Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag, 2006. ISBN 978-3-486-57597-2, p. 262

Sources[edit]

  • John A. Petropulos; Politics and Statecraft in the Kingdom of Greece; Princeton University Press, 1968
Preceded by Prime Minister of Greece
17 September 1847 – 19 March 1848
Succeeded by