Kittilä

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Kittilä
Municipality
Kittilän kunta
Kommunen Kittilä
Ski Resort Levi, in Kittilä
Ski Resort Levi, in Kittilä
Coat of arms of Kittilä
Coat of arms
Location of Kittilä in Finland
Location of Kittilä in Finland
Coordinates: 67°39′N 024°54.5′E / 67.650°N 24.9083°E / 67.650; 24.9083Coordinates: 67°39′N 024°54.5′E / 67.650°N 24.9083°E / 67.650; 24.9083
Country Finland
RegionLapland
Sub-regionFell Lapland sub-region
Charter1854
Government
 • Municipality managerSeppo Maula
Area
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total8,262.97 km2 (3,190.35 sq mi)
 • Land8,093.96 km2 (3,125.10 sq mi)
 • Water168.71 km2 (65.14 sq mi)
Area rank3rd largest in Finland
Population
(2018-08-31)[2]
 • Total6,354
 • Rank152nd largest in Finland
 • Density0.79/km2 (2.0/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Finnish98% (official)
 • Swedish0.3%
 • Sami0.1%
 • Others1.6%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1415.8%
 • 15 to 6466%
 • 65 or older18.2%
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]19%
Websitewww.kittila.fi

Kittilä (Inari Sami: Kittâl, Northern Sami: Gihttel) is a municipality of Finland and a popular holiday resort.

It is located in northern Finland north of the Arctic Circle within the Lapland region. The municipality has a population of 6,354 (31 August 2018)[2] and covers an area of 8,262.97 square kilometres (3,190.35 sq mi) of which 168.71 km2 (65.14 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 0.79 inhabitants per square kilometre (2.0/sq mi).

View from the top of Kätkätunturi

The ski resort Levi is situated in Kittilä on Levi Fell (in Finnish "Levitunturi") (elevation 531 metres (1742 feet)). The resort hosts a slalom event early each season on the Alpine World Cup circuit and offers both downhill and cross-country skiing to the public, as well as snow shoeing, including to the next nearest fell, Kätkätunturi, located west of Levitunturi. Kätkätunturi is 504.6 metres (1,656 ft) high and 7 kilometres (4 mi) long.

On 5 June 2006, it was announced that a Canadian mining corporation Agnico-Eagle Mines will start a new gold mine in Kittilä. Once completed, it will be the biggest gold mine in Europe. Experts say that the deposits hold at least three million ounces of gold, by current market price worth 1.8 billion U.S. dollars. The mine is expected to produce an average of 150,000 ounces of gold annually for at least 13 years.

Kittilä Airport is served by Blue1, Finnair, Norwegian Air, and Finncomm Airlines. Thomson Airways also serves the airport from various UK bases as part of their programme of ski flights, as well as Christmas specials and flights in support of the When You Wish Upon A Star children's foundation. Thomas Cook Airlines also fly to Kittilä Airport from Bristol and Gatwick Airport between November to April every year.

Kittilä is also famous for being the location of the lowest recorded temperature in Finnish history: −51.5 °C (−60.7 °F), measured in January 1999 in Pokka. The "midnight sun" is above the horizon from 29 May to 16 July, and the period with continuous daylight lasts a bit longer, polar night from 14 December to 29 December.

Climate[edit]

Kittilä has a subarctic climate as a result of its northerly location and being far inland, which renders strong seasonal shifts. The sun does not set between 30 May and 15 July (47 days), and white nights lasts from early May to early August. The period that the sun does not rise lasts from 14 December to 29 December (16 days), the exact boundaries depending on local topography. Although winter temperatures are cold they are still less severe than in similar locations elsewhere in the world due to some Gulf Stream influence. In summer temperatures generally are moderate, although warm days are possible.

Climate data for Kittilä
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −9.6
(14.7)
−9.1
(15.6)
−3.6
(25.5)
2.1
(35.8)
8.8
(47.8)
16.2
(61.2)
18.7
(65.7)
16.2
(61.2)
10.1
(50.2)
2.9
(37.2)
−3.4
(25.9)
−8.0
(17.6)
3.4
(38.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −14.8
(5.4)
−14.3
(6.3)
−9.1
(15.6)
−2.6
(27.3)
4.4
(39.9)
11.5
(52.7)
13.9
(57.0)
11.7
(53.1)
6.3
(43.3)
−0.2
(31.6)
−7.3
(18.9)
−12.8
(9.0)
−1.1
(30.0)
Average low °C (°F) −20.0
(−4.0)
−19.5
(−3.1)
−14.5
(5.9)
−7.2
(19.0)
0.1
(32.2)
6.8
(44.2)
9.2
(48.6)
7.3
(45.1)
2.5
(36.5)
−3.2
(26.2)
−11.1
(12.0)
−17.6
(0.3)
−5.6
(21.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 30
(1.2)
25
(1.0)
25
(1.0)
25
(1.0)
31
(1.2)
48
(1.9)
62
(2.4)
63
(2.5)
52
(2.0)
46
(1.8)
39
(1.5)
31
(1.2)
477
(18.7)
Source: en.climate-data.org[6]

Notable residents[edit]

Surnames[edit]

The most common surnames in Kittilä and their frequencies as of 2014:[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Ennakkoväkiluku kuukausittain sukupuolen mukaan alueittain, elokuu 2018" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  6. ^ http://en.climate-data.org/location/72903/
  7. ^ Most common surnames in Kittilä

External links[edit]

Media related to Kittilä at Wikimedia Commons