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Kittur, also known as Kitturu and historically as Kittoor, is a taluka in the Belgaum District of the South Indian state of Karnataka. It was part of Bailhongal taluka but was declared as an independent taluka on 23 October 2012 by the Chief Minister of Karnataka on the inauguration of Kittur Utsav. It is 177th Taluk of Karnataka State. It is a place of historical importance because of the armed rebellion of Kittur Chennamma (1778–1829), Raja of the State of Kittur against the British East India Company, during which a British Commissioner, St John Thackeray was killed.
On the outskirts of the town lies the ruins of the palace within a fort. The palace was the residence of the Rani Chennamma.
In connection with a disputed succession to this chiefship in 1824, St John Thackeray, Commissioner of Dharwad, was killed in a battle when approaching the Kittur fort. Later another unit stormed Kittur and captured Queen Chennamma, who was imprisoned in Bailhongal Jail where she died. Rani Chennamma became a legend.
The town is the setting for the 2008 novel Between the Assassinations by Aravind Adiga. However, it is described in the novel incorrectly as a coastal village (which would put it in Uttara Kannada rather than Belgaum).
Kittur is well known for its residential school for girls named after the warrior queen Chennamma.
- Kittur Rani Channamma Residential School
- Locally Kittur Nadu Vidya Vardhak Sangh operates schools and colleges.
- KNVV Sangh's Arts and Commerce College
- KNVV Sangh's S.G. High School