Kiuchi Kyō

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Kiuchi Kyō
木内 キヤウ
Member of the House of Councillors for the House of Councillors national district
In office
1947 – ?
Personal details
Born(1884-02-14)14 February 1884
Asakusa, Tokyo, Japan
Died7 November 1964(1964-11-07) (aged 80)
Political partyMinshu Club
Spouse(s)Tatsusaburō Kiuchi (1909–?)
FatherAwashima Kangetsu
Alma materTokyo Women's Normal School

Kiuchi Kyō (木内 キヤウ, Kiuchi Kyō, 14 February 1884 – 7 November 1964) was a Japanese educator and politician who served as a member of the House of Councillors. She is believed to be the first woman to become the principal of a Japanese school.[1]


Her maiden surname was Awashima (淡島), and her pen name was Tsukigami Kiuchi (木内月上, Kiuchi Tsukigami)[2]


Kiuchi Kyō was born on 14 February 1884[2] in the Asakusa Morishita town in the Asakusa ward of Tokyo, the first-born child of artist Awashima Kangetsu [ja].[3] The Awashima family business was a well-known honeycomb toffee shop, but they made a living by charging rent for the remaining estate and selling it, such as giving up the store with her grandparents.[4][5]

Even when she was nine years old, her father did not allow her to enter elementary school.[6] Worried after her graduation from high school, she attended a normal school, and she graduated from Tokyo Women's Normal School in March 1903 and was assigned to Minamikatsushika Ordinary Primary School.[2][7] In March 1909, she married Tatsusaburō Kiuchi (木内辰三郎, Kiuchi Tatsusaburō), a teacher at Urawa Junior High School,[2][8] and she chose to maintain her work–life balance.[9] In April 1910, she was transferred to Nihonbashi-no-Jōtō Ordinary Elementary School.[10] She entered the Tokyo Women's Normal School's advanced courses in April 1926, and after completing the course, she was transferred to Jūon Ordinary Primary School.[2][11] In October 1931, she became the principal of Itabashi no Shimura First Ordinary Primary School of Itabashi, and she remained in that position until July 1941.[2][12] She also founded Kiuchi Academy in Takinogawa and served as the head of a pigeon garden.[2][13][14]

She was also vice-president of the National Primary School Union's Female Teachers Association, director of the Tokyo Education Association's Women's Training Department, a member of the Japan International Association's Women's Committee, director of the Tokyo Women's Patriotic Association, and a councillor of the Dai Nippon Women's Association[2][15] She was a representative of the 1928 Pan-Pacific Women's Conference in Hawaii.[9] During World War II, she became a member of the Imperial Rule Assistance Association's Central Cooperation Council.[2][16]

After an unsuccessful attempt in the 1946 Japanese general election, where she received 21,185 votes for the House of Councillors national district among 120 candidates,[17] she was elected to the House of Councillors national district in the 1947 Japanese House of Councillors election[2][15] She was a member of the Minshu Club and dedicated herself to issues involving education and female teachers.[15][18]

Kiuchi Kyō died on 7 November 1964 at the age of 80.[15]


  • Kiuchi, Kyō (1929). 汎太平洋婦人会議に列して (in Japanese).


  1. ^
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j 日本女性人名辞典〔普及版〕 (in Japanese). Nihon Tosho Center. 1998. p. 350.
  3. ^ 教育一路, p. 23-29
  4. ^ 教育一路, p. 15-17, 23-24
  5. ^ Mure, Yōko (1999). あなたみたいな明治の女 (in Japanese). Asahi Shimbun Company. pp. 62–64.
  6. ^ 教育一路, p. 32-34
  7. ^ 教育一路, p. 36-41, 45-46
  8. ^ 教育一路, p. 27, 55-57
  9. ^ a b
  10. ^ 教育一路, p. 59
  11. ^ 教育一路, pp. 72-74
  12. ^ 教育一路, p. 120
  13. ^ 新訂 政治家人名事典 明治~昭和 (in Japanese). Nichigai Associates. 2003. pp. 195–196.
  14. ^ Ueda, Masaaki; et cetera (2001). 日本人名大辞典 (in Japanese). Kodansha. p. 587.
  15. ^ a b c d House of Representatives; House of Councilors (1990). 議会制度百年史 - 貴族院・参議院議員名鑑 (in Japanese). Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau. p. 290.
  16. ^ 教育一路, p. 128
  17. ^
  18. ^ 教育一路, p. 145
  • 教育一路 (in Japanese). eitosho Shubbansha. 1953.