Kiuchi Kyō

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Kiuchi Kyō
木内 キヤウ
Member of the House of Councillors for the House of Councillors national district
In office
1947 – ?
Personal details
Born(1884-02-14)14 February 1884
Asakusa, Tokyo, Japan
Died7 November 1964(1964-11-07) (aged 80)
Political partyMinshu Club
Spouse(s)Tatsusaburō Kiuchi (1909–?)
FatherAwashima Kangetsu
Alma materTokyo Women's Normal School

Kiuchi Kyō (木内 キヤウ, Kiuchi Kyō, 14 February 1884 – 7 November 1964) was a Japanese educator and politician who served as a member of the House of Councillors. She is believed to be the first woman to become the principal of a Japanese school.[1]

Name[edit]

Her maiden surname was Awashima (淡島), and her pen name was Tsukigami Kiuchi (木内月上, Kiuchi Tsukigami)[2]

Biography[edit]

Kiuchi Kyō was born on 14 February 1884[2] in the Asakusa Morishita town in the Asakusa ward of Tokyo, the first-born child of artist Awashima Kangetsu [ja].[3] The Awashima family business was a well-known honeycomb toffee shop, but they made a living by charging rent for the remaining estate and selling it, such as giving up the store with her grandparents.[4][5]

Even when she was nine years old, her father did not allow her to enter elementary school.[6] Worried after her graduation from high school, she attended a normal school, and she graduated from Tokyo Women's Normal School in March 1903 and was assigned to Minamikatsushika Ordinary Primary School.[2][7] In March 1909, she married Tatsusaburō Kiuchi (木内辰三郎, Kiuchi Tatsusaburō), a teacher at Urawa Junior High School,[2][8] and she chose to maintain her work–life balance.[9] In April 1910, she was transferred to Nihonbashi-no-Jōtō Ordinary Elementary School.[10] She entered the Tokyo Women's Normal School's advanced courses in April 1926, and after completing the course, she was transferred to Jūon Ordinary Primary School.[2][11] In October 1931, she became the principal of Itabashi no Shimura First Ordinary Primary School of Itabashi, and she remained in that position until July 1941.[2][12] She also founded Kiuchi Academy in Takinogawa and served as the head of a pigeon garden.[2][13][14]

She was also vice-president of the National Primary School Union's Female Teachers Association, director of the Tokyo Education Association's Women's Training Department, a member of the Japan International Association's Women's Committee, director of the Tokyo Women's Patriotic Association, and a councillor of the Dai Nippon Women's Association[2][15] She was a representative of the 1928 Pan-Pacific Women's Conference in Hawaii.[9] During World War II, she became a member of the Imperial Rule Assistance Association's Central Cooperation Council.[2][16]

After an unsuccessful attempt in the 1946 Japanese general election, where she received 21,185 votes for the House of Councillors national district among 120 candidates,[17] she was elected to the House of Councillors national district in the 1947 Japanese House of Councillors election[2][15] She was a member of the Minshu Club and dedicated herself to issues involving education and female teachers.[15][18]

Kiuchi Kyō died on 7 November 1964 at the age of 80.[15]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Kiuchi, Kyō (1929). 汎太平洋婦人会議に列して (in Japanese).

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://kotobank.jp/word/%E6%9C%A8%E5%86%85%E3%82%AD%E3%83%A4%E3%82%A6-1068663
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j 日本女性人名辞典〔普及版〕 (in Japanese). Nihon Tosho Center. 1998. p. 350.
  3. ^ 教育一路, p. 23-29
  4. ^ 教育一路, p. 15-17, 23-24
  5. ^ Mure, Yōko (1999). あなたみたいな明治の女 (in Japanese). Asahi Shimbun Company. pp. 62–64.
  6. ^ 教育一路, p. 32-34
  7. ^ 教育一路, p. 36-41, 45-46
  8. ^ 教育一路, p. 27, 55-57
  9. ^ a b https://www.city.kita.tokyo.jp/tayosei/kurashi/jinken/report/documents/attachment31.pdf
  10. ^ 教育一路, p. 59
  11. ^ 教育一路, pp. 72-74
  12. ^ 教育一路, p. 120
  13. ^ 新訂 政治家人名事典 明治~昭和 (in Japanese). Nichigai Associates. 2003. pp. 195–196.
  14. ^ Ueda, Masaaki; et cetera (2001). 日本人名大辞典 (in Japanese). Kodansha. p. 587.
  15. ^ a b c d House of Representatives; House of Councilors (1990). 議会制度百年史 - 貴族院・参議院議員名鑑 (in Japanese). Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau. p. 290.
  16. ^ 教育一路, p. 128
  17. ^ https://go2senkyo.com/shugiin/17807/senkyoku/31413
  18. ^ 教育一路, p. 145
  • 教育一路 (in Japanese). eitosho Shubbansha. 1953.