Kiwi (horse)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kiwi
Sire Blarney Kiss
Grandsire Irish Lancer
Dam Malrayvis
Damsire Messmate
Sex Gelding
Foaled 1977[1]
Country New Zealand
Colour Chestnut
Record 60:13-8-2
Earnings NZ$549,839
Major wins
Wellington Cup (1983)
Melbourne Cup[2] (1983)
Last updated on April 3, 2009

Kiwi (1977 – 2 February 1995) was a New Zealand thoroughbred racehorse who in 1983 won the Wellington Cup in New Zealand and the Melbourne Cup in Australia. Kiwi raced from 1980 to 1987 and remains the only horse ever to win both cups.

Background[edit]

Kiwi was bred by H. B. Fischer and bought by Waverley sheep farmer Snow Lupton and his wife Ann for only NZ$1000. They had previously owned a Blarney Kiss horse and wanted another, with Ann insisting it had to be chestnut.

Racing career[edit]

Kiwi showed promise, but Lupton knew the horse would be more of a distance runner. He proved this when he won the Wellington Cup from the rear of the field in a close finish.

No Wellington Cup winner had ever gone on to win a Melbourne Cup which is esteemed as the premier staying race in Australia and New Zealand. Some[who?] considered this reflects a lower quality field in the Wellington Cup, however it is more likely to be related to when the races are held - the Wellington Cup in late January and the Melbourne Cup in November.

When entered for the Melbourne Cup, despite having won over 3200-metre distance, Kiwi was considered very much an outsider and started with odds of 10/1. As usual, Kiwi (ridden by jockey Jim Cassidy) settled at the very back of the 24-horse field. At the turn, on the Flemington track, with 500 metres to run, Kiwi was second to last (ahead of Amarant, which was running lame). With a storming run through the field, Kiwi won the race by just over a length. So quick was his run that many race commentators only picked up Kiwi as he neared the finish line..."and here comes Kiwi out of the blue".[3] His win has become one of the most memorable performances in the history of the Melbourne Cup,[4] especially as it illustrated a classic stayers victory.

On winning the race, Kiwi became a household sporting hero in New Zealand, an example of the underdog winning against the odds. It showed that a simple trainer, with a good horse, can win the greatest prize.[5] As incredible as it may seem[by whom?] for a champion horse, Lupton openly admitted that Kiwi was used to "round up the sheep" as part of his conditioning routine.[6]

Kiwi entered the 1984 Melbourne Cup but was controversially scratched due to a veterinary check. Lupton always maintained Kiwi was fit for the race[7] and could have won. Some historians[who?] consider the scratching had elements of bad sportsmanship due to the rivalry between New Zealand and Australia. Kiwi ran in the 1985 Melbourne Cup, running fifth and in 1986 looked to repeat his 1983 "come-from-behind" victory but pulled up lame close to the finish line. Later that year, he represented New Zealand in the Japan Cup, running a creditable fifth.

Retirement[edit]

After his run in Japan, Kiwi was retired to the Luptons' farm. Kiwi died in 1995[8] and is buried on the Lupton farm. The headstone simply states: "Kiwi, 1983 Melbourne Cup". A plaque commemorating Kiwi is also located at the Waverley Racecourse.

Honorific eponym[edit]

In 2012, Australian rail operator CFCL Australia named locomotive CF4406 "Kiwi" after the horse.[9]

Pedigree[edit]

Pedigree of KIwi (NZ), chestnut gelding 1977[1]
Sire
Blarney Kiss (USA)
1965
Irish Lancer (USA)
1957
Royal Charger Nearc
Sun Princess
Tige O'Myheart Bull Lea
Unerring
Log House (USA)
1956
Cosmic Bomb Pharamond
Banish Fear
Ariel Beauty Ariel
Big Beauty
Dam
Malrayvis (NZ)
1963
Messmate (GB)
1954
Blue Peter Fairway
Fancy Free
Run Honey Hyperion
Fancy Free
Grande Vitesse (NZ)
1952
Beau Repaire Beau Pere
Modiste
Satisfied Siegfried
Satisfy (Family 2-b)[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Kiwi pedigree". equineline.com. 2012-05-08. Retrieved 2012-12-22. 
  2. ^ "Breednet - Breeding News". breednet.com.au. 
  3. ^ "Kiwi wins the 1983 Melbourne Cup - NZHistory, New Zealand history online". nzhistory.net.nz. 
  4. ^ http://grapevine.com.au/~paulandkaja/cups/greatrac.html
  5. ^ http://muir.massey.ac.nz/bitstream/10179/734/1/2whole.pdf (p 287)
  6. ^ http://www.letsgohorseracing.com.au/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=310:all-you-need-to-know-for-a-melbourne-cup-carnival-visit&catid=40:september-december&Itemid=65
  7. ^ "Obituary: Snow Lupton". The New Zealand Herald. NZPA. December 18, 2004. Retrieved October 13, 2011. 
  8. ^ "Melbourne Cup winner Kiwi found dead". The Dominion. 3 February 1995. p. 1. 
  9. ^ "Australian thoroughbreds take to the rails". Rail Express. 8 February 2012. Retrieved 28 November 2015. 
  10. ^ "Squirrel Mare - Family 2-b". Thoroughbred Bloodlinest. Retrieved 2012-12-22. 

See also[edit]