Moscow Kiyevskaya railway station
|Moscow Railway terminal|
View of the main facade from the Europe Square
|Location||Kiyevskogo Vokzala square, Moscow
Kiyevsky railway terminal (Russian: Ки́евский вокза́л, Kievskiy vokzal) also known as Moscow Kiyevskaya railway station (Russian: Москва́-Ки́евская, Moskva-Kievskaya) is one of the nine railway terminals of Moscow, Russia. It is the only railway station in Moscow to have a frontage on the Moskva River. The station is located at the Square of Europe, in the beginning of Bolshaya Dorogomilovskaya Street in Dorogomilovo District of Moscow.
History and design
The station was built between 1914 and 1918 in the Byzantine Revival style pronounced in the 51 m (167 ft) high clocktower. Originally named the Bryansk station, it was designed by Ivan Rerberg and Vladimir Shukhov, it is considered an important landmark of architecture and engineering of the time.
The station's building is flanked by a gigantic landing platform which is distinguished by its simplicity and constructive boldness. The platforms are covered by a massive glassed arch structures (length 321 metres (1,053 ft), width 47.9 metres (157 ft), height 30 m (98 ft), weight of the structures is over 1250 ton) in the form of a parabola. Open-work steel trusses are clearly visible, and they demonstrate the elegance of the grandiose building.
Trains and destinations
|Train number||Train name||Destination||Operated by|
|001/002||Stolichny Express (rus: Столичный Экспресс, ukr: Столичний Експрес)||Kiev (Passenger)|| Russian Railways
|003/004||Kyiv (ukr: Київ)||Kiev (Passenger) (cars: Bucharest, Sofia)||Ukrainian Railways|
|005/006||Ukrayina (ukr: Україна)||Kiev (Passenger)||Ukrainian Railways|
|015/016||Tisa (rus: Тиса)|| Uzhhorod (Central) (cars: Bratislava, Košice,
Žilina, Zvolen, Budapest, Belgrade,
Zagreb, Bar, Thessaloniki, Venice)
|023/024||Odesa (ukr: Одеса)||Odessa (cars: Truskavets)||Ukrainian Railways|
|047/048||Moldova (mol: Moldova)||Chişinău||Calea Ferată din Moldova|
|059/060||Bolgaria-Express (rus: Болгария-Экспресс)||Sofia (cars: Burgas, Varna)||Russian Railways|
|065/066||Sodruzhestvo (rus: Содружество)||Chişinău||Russian Railways|
|077/078||Volyn (ukr: Волинь)||Kovel||Ukrainian Railways|
|099/100||Ivan Paristy (rus: Иван Паристый)||Bryansk||Russian Railways|
|117/118||Sumy (ukr: Суми)||Sumy||Ukrainian Railways|
|Russia||Anapa, Kaluga, Klimov, Lgov, Novozybkov|
|Ukraine||Chernihiv, Chernivtsi, Khmelnytskyi, Kremenchuk, Lviv, Truskavets, Zhmerynka, Mykolaiv|
Suburban commuter trains (elektrichka) connect Kiyevsky station with stations and platforms of the Kiyevsky suburban direction of Moscow Railway, in particular, with the towns of Aprelevka, Naro-Fominsk (Nara), Balabanovo, Obninsk, Maloyaroslavets, and Kaluga.
- Elizabeth Cooper English, “Arkhitektura i mnimosti”: The origins of Soviet avant-garde rationalist architecture in the Russian mystical-philosophical and mathematical intellectual tradition”, a dissertation in architecture, 264 p., University of Pennsylvania, 2000.
- Rainer Graefe, “Vladimir G. Suchov 1853-1939. Die Kunst der sparsamen Konstruktion”, 192 S., Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, Stuttgart, 1990, ISBN 3-421-02984-9.
- Fausto Giovannardi,"Vladimir G. Shukhov e la leggerezza dell’acciaio", Borgo San Lorenzo, 2007. (in Italian)
- Е. М. Шухова, «Владимир Григорьевич Шухов. Первый инженер России.», 368 стр., МГТУ, Москва, 2003, ISBN 5-7038-2295-5.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kiyevsky Rail Terminal.|
- Kiyevsky station Official site (in Russian)
- Aeroexpress (in English) (in Russian)
- Russian Railways (Российские Железные Дороги) (in English) (in Russian)
- Ukrainian Railways (Українські залізниці) (in Russian) (in Ukrainian)
- Moldova Railways (Calea Ferată din Moldova) (in English) (in Romanian) (in Russian)
- V. G. Shukhov