Kiyomizu-dera

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Kiyomizu-dera
清水寺
Kiyomizu.jpg
Religion
AffiliationBuddhism
DeityKannon
RiteKita-Hossō
Location
LocationHigashiyama-ku, Kyoto
CountryJapan
Kiyomizu-dera is located in central Japan.
Kiyomizu-dera is located in central Japan.
Shown within Kyoto Prefecture
Kiyomizu-dera is located in central Japan.
Kiyomizu-dera is located in central Japan.
Kiyomizu-dera (Japan)
Geographic coordinates34°59′42″N 135°47′06″E / 34.99500°N 135.78500°E / 34.99500; 135.78500Coordinates: 34°59′42″N 135°47′06″E / 34.99500°N 135.78500°E / 34.99500; 135.78500
Architecture
FounderSakanoue no Tamuramaro, reconstructed by Tokugawa Iemitsu
Date established778
Completed1633 (Reconstruction)
Website
www.kiyomizudera.or.jp/en
Kiyomizu-dera
Kiyomizu-dera (Chinese characters).svg
"Kiyomizu-dera" in kanji
Japanese name
Kanji清水寺
Hiraganaきよみずでら

Kiyomizu-dera (清水寺, Kiyomizu Temple, "Pure Water Monastery") is a Buddhist temple located in eastern Kyoto, Japan. The temple is part of the Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto (Kyoto, Uji and Otsu Cities) UNESCO World Heritage site.[1]

History[edit]

Kiyomizu-dera circa 1880 by Adolfo Farsari

Kiyomizu-dera was founded in the early Heian period.[2] By 778, it was owned by the Buddhist Kita-Hosso sect under Enchin Shonin. He was a priest from Nara (capital of Japan from 710 to 784), who received a vision to construct the temple next to the Otowa spring.[3]

In 798, the shogun Sakanoue Tamuramaro, improved the site by including a large hall that was reassembled from the palace of Emperor Kammu (r. 781–806). The emperor left Nara due to the strong influence that the Buddhist monasteries had on the government there. During this period there was a strong rivalry between the Kofuku-ji and the Kiyomizu-dera temples and both had strong influences around the region.[3]

The temple's present buildings were constructed in 1633, ordered built by Tokugawa Iemitsu.[4] There is not a single nail used in the entire structure. It takes its name from the waterfall within the complex, which runs off the nearby hills. Kiyomizu means clear water, or pure water.[5][6]

It was originally affiliated with the old and influential Hossō sect dating from Nara times.[7] However, in 1965 it severed that affiliation, and its present custodians call themselves members of the "Kitahossō" sect.[8]

Present[edit]

The popular expression "to jump off the stage at Kiyomizu" is the Japanese translation of the English expression "to take the plunge".[6] This refers to an Edo-period tradition that held that if one were to survive a 13-meter (43-foot) jump from the stage, one's wish would be granted. During the Edo period, 234 jumps were recorded, and of those, 85.4% survived.[6] The practice was prohibited in 1872.[6]

The temple complex includes several other shrines, among them the Jishu Shrine, dedicated to Ōkuninushi, a god of love and "good matches".[5] Jishu Shrine possesses a pair of "love stones" placed 10 meters (30 feet) apart,[9] which lonely visitors can try to walk between with their eyes closed. Success in reaching the other stone with their eyes closed implies that the pilgrim will find love, or true love.[10] One can be assisted in the crossing, but this is taken to mean that a go-between will be needed. The person's romantic interest can assist them as well.

The complex also offers various talismans, incense, and omikuji (paper fortunes). The site is particularly popular during festivals (especially at New Year's and during obon in the summer) when additional booths fill the grounds selling traditional holiday foodstuffs and souvenirs to throngs of visitors.[11]

In 2007, Kiyomizu-dera was one of 21 finalists for the New Seven Wonders of the World,[12] but was not picked as one of the seven winning sites. The temple was covered entirely by semi-transparent scaffolding while undergoing restoration works in preparation for the 2020 Olympics.

Architecture[edit]

Kiyomizu-dera is located on the foothills of Mount Otowa, part of the Higashiyama mountain range that dominates eastern Kyoto. The main hall has a large veranda, supported by tall pillars, that juts out over the hillside and offers impressive views of the city. Large verandas and main halls were constructed at many popular sites during the Edo period to accommodate large numbers of pilgrims.[13]

Beneath the main hall is the Otowa waterfall, where three channels of water fall into a pond. Visitors can catch and drink the water, which is believed to have wish-granting powers.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto (Kyoto, Uji and Otsu Cities)". Retrieved 2008-12-20.
  2. ^ Ponsonby-Fane (1956), p. 111.
  3. ^ a b "Kiyomizu-dera". World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2022-07-11.
  4. ^ Graham (2007), p. 37
  5. ^ a b "Kiyomizu Temple". 2007-04-07. Archived from the original on 2009-04-03. Retrieved 2008-12-18.
  6. ^ a b c d "Kiyomizudera, Kyoto". Retrieved 2008-12-18.
  7. ^ Graham (2007), p. 32
  8. ^ Kiyomizu-deploy
  9. ^ "恋占いの石". Retrieved 2020-08-03.
  10. ^ "japanvisitor.com". Retrieved 2010-08-21.
  11. ^ "Kiyomizu-dera Temple". Archived from the original on December 10, 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-20.
  12. ^ "The Finalists for The Official New 7 Wonders of the World". Archived from the original on 2009-06-01. Retrieved 2009-06-01.
  13. ^ Graham 2007, p. 80

Sources[edit]

  • Graham, Patricia J. (2007) Faith and Power in Japanese Buddhist Art (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press) ISBN 978-0-8248-3126-4.
  • Ponsonby-Fane, Richard Arthur Brabazon. (1956) Kyoto: The Old Capital of Japan, 794-1869. Kyoto: The Ponsonby Memorial Society.

External links[edit]