Kiyoshi Kurosawa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Kiyoshi Kurosawa
Kiyoshi Kurosawa.jpg
Born (1955-07-19) July 19, 1955 (age 65)
Alma materRikkyo University
OccupationFilm director, screenwriter, film critic
Years active1973–present

Kiyoshi Kurosawa (黒沢 清, Kurosawa Kiyoshi, born July 19, 1955) is a Japanese film director, screenwriter, film critic and a professor at Tokyo University of the Arts. Although he has worked in a variety of genres, Kurosawa is best known for his many contributions to the Japanese horror genre.

Biography[edit]

Born in Kobe on July 19, 1955, Kiyoshi Kurosawa, who is not related to director Akira Kurosawa,[1] started making films about his life in high school. After studying at Rikkyo University in Tokyo under the guidance of prominent film critic Shigehiko Hasumi,[2] where he began making 8mm films,[3] Kurosawa began directing commercially in the 1980s, working on pink films[4] and low-budget V-Cinema (direct-to-video) productions such as formula yakuza films.[5] In 1981, his 8mm film Shigarami Gakuen (しがらみ学園) was nominated for the Oshima Prize at the PFF (Pia Film Festival). In 1983, after he worked with Shinji Soumai, he released his first feature film Kandagawa Pervert Wars (1983). He became popular after The Excitement of the Do-Re-Mi-Fa Girl (1985) and The Guard from Underground (1992).[6]

In the early 1990s, Kurosawa won a scholarship to the Sundance Institute by submitting his original screen play Charisma. Then, he was able to study filmmaking in the United States, although he had been directing for nearly ten years professionally.[7]

Kurosawa first achieved international acclaim with his 1997 crime thriller film Cure.[8] Also that year, he experimented by filming two thrillers back-to-back, Serpent's Path and Eyes of the Spider, both of which shared the same premise (a father taking revenge for his child's murder) and lead actor (Show Aikawa) but spun entirely different stories.[9]

Kurosawa followed up Cure with a semi-sequel in 1999 with Charisma, a detective film starring Kōji Yakusho.[7] In 2000, Seance, Kurosawa's adaptation of the novel Seance on a Wet Afternoon by Mark McShane, premiered on Kansai TV. It also starred Yakusho, as well as Jun Fubuki (the two had appeared together in Charisma as well). In 2001, he directed the horror film Pulse.[10] Kurosawa released Bright Future, starring Tadanobu Asano, Joe Odagiri and Tatsuya Fuji, in 2003.[11] He followed this with another digital feature, Doppelganger, later the same year.[12] Both Bright Future and Doppelganger have nominated for the Cannes Film Festivals[6]

In 2005, Kurosawa returned with Loft, his first love story since Seance.[13] Another horror film, Retribution, followed in the next year.[14] With his 2008 film, Tokyo Sonata, Kurosawa was considered to step "out of his usual horror genre and into family drama."[15]

He has written a novelization of his own film Pulse, as well as a history of horror cinema with Makoto Shinozaki.[16]

In September 2012, it was announced that he would direct 1905, a film starring Tony Leung Chiu-Wai, Shota Matsuda and Atsuko Maeda.[17] In February 2013, it was announced that production of the film had been cancelled before filming could start.[18]

Kurosawa directed a 2012 five-part television drama Penance.[19] Beautiful 2013, an anthology film featuring Kurosawa's Beautiful New Bay Area Project, screened at the Hong Kong International Film Festival in 2013.[20]

Kurosawa's next feature film Real, which stars Takeru Sato and Haruka Ayase, was released in 2013.[21] He won the Best Director award at the 8th Rome Film Festival for Seventh Code later that year.[22]

His 2015 film Journey to the Shore was screened in the Un Certain Regard section at the 2015 Cannes Film Festival where he won the prize for Best Director.[23][24]

In 2016, his thriller Creepy premiered at the 66th Berlin International Film Festival.[25] The film marked Kurosawa's first cinematic return to the horror genre since 2006.

His 2017 film Before We Vanish was screened in the Un Certain Regard category at the Cannes Film Festival.

His 2019 film To the Ends of the Earth was screened as the closing film in the Piazza Grande program of the 72nd Locarno Film Festival.

In 2020, Kurosawa won the Silver Lion for Best Direction at the 77th Venice International Film Festival for his film Wife of a Spy.[26]

Style and influences[edit]

Yasujiro Ozu

Kurosawa's directing style has been compared to those of Stanley Kubrick and Andrei Tarkovsky, though he has never expressly listed those directors as influences.[27] In an interview, he claimed that Alfred Hitchcock and Yasujirō Ozu contributed to shaping his personal vision of the medium.[28] He has also expressed admiration for American film directors such as Don Siegel, Sam Peckinpah, Robert Aldrich, Richard Fleischer,[29] and Tobe Hooper.[30]

In a 2009 interview with IFC, Kurosawa talked about the reason why he has cast the actor Kōji Yakusho in many of his films: "He has similar values and sensitivities. We’re from the same generation. That’s a big reason why I enjoy working with him on the set."[31]

According to Tim Palmer, Kurosawa's films occupy a peculiar position between the materials of mass genre, on the one hand, and esoteric or intellectual abstraction, on the other. They also clearly engage with issues of environmental critique, given Kurosawa's preference for shooting in decaying open spaces, abandoned (and often condemned) buildings, and in places rife with toxins, pestilence and entropy.[32]

According to the Tokyo Art University where he is teaching students, Kurosawa is talking about his stye.[33] The interviewer mentions that Kurosawa is also versatile when they are talked about Clint Eastwood. Kurosawa said he admires such people who can do many things. He says he does not put himself in one style or one theme; he thinks that is not interesting for him. "Next thing he wants to is something he has never done. " he answered to the question asking what he wants to try next.

In the same article, he mentions that he has seen many films since he was young, and he knows there are many great films over the world. Those films motivate him to be a better filmmaker; he always ask himself how to make films that are memorable for a long time.

In an article by Tokyo Art University, Kurosawa names film critic Hasumi Shigehiko as a mentor and early influence in his filmmaking career.[33] Much of Hasumi's influence would go on to shape the core of Kurosawa's filmography. Kurosawa met Hasumi in University, where he was one of the few students to finish his course, and credits Hasumi with teaching him that film is worth dedicating your entire life for. Hasumi and Kurosawa believe that every element of the film matters and must be meticulously planned. Kurosawa has also stated that one of his goals as a filmmaker is to share Hasumi's teachings.

Filmography[edit]

Feature films[edit]

Short films[edit]

  • Vertigo College (1980)
  • Ghost Cop (2003)
  • House of Bugs (2005)
  • Beautiful New Bay Area Project (2013)

V-Cinema[edit]

  • Yakuza Taxi (1994)
  • Men of Rage (1994)
  • Suit Yourself or Shoot Yourself: The Heist (1995)
  • Suit Yourself or Shoot Yourself: The Escape (1995)
  • Door 3 (1996)
  • Suit Yourself or Shoot Yourself: The Loot (1996)
  • Suit Yourself or Shoot Yourself: The Reversal (1996)
  • Suit Yourself or Shoot Yourself: The Nouveau Riche (1996)
  • Suit Yourself or Shoot Yourself: The Hero (1996)
  • The Revenge: A Visit from Fate (1997)
  • The Revenge: A Scar That Never Fades (1997)
  • Eyes of the Spider (1998)
  • Serpent's Path (1998)

DVD[edit]

  • Soul Dancing (2004)

Television[edit]

  • Wordholic Prisoner (1990)
  • Whirlpool of Joy (1992)
  • Seance (2000)
  • Matasaburo, the Wind Imp (2003)
  • Penance (2012)
  • Foreboding (2017)
  • Wife of a Spy (2020)

Acting Credit[edit]

The Funeral (1984) - Assistant AD

・The Legend of the Stardust Brothers (1985) - Customer

  • Yu Waku Sha (1989) - libralian
  • Stranger at Night (1991) - Taxi rider
  • Rinne (2006) - College professor

Music Video[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

Title Year Published Publisher Ref
映像のカリスマ 黒沢清映画史

(Film History of Kiyoshi Kurosawa)

1992 Film Art Inc. [39]
映画はおそろしい

(Eiga ha Osoroshi)

2001 Seidosha [40]
黒沢清の映画術

(technique of Kiyoshi Kurosawa)

2006 Shinchosha [41]
映画のこわい話 黒沢清対談集

(Eiga no kowai hanashi, scary story of film)

2007 Seidosha [40]
恐怖の対談 映画のもっとこわい話 (Eigano Motto Kowai Hanashi, More scary story of film) 2008 Seidosha [40]
黒沢清、21世紀の映画を語る

(Kurosawa Kiyoshi talking about 21st century movie)

2010 Boid [42]

Co-Written[edit]

ロスト イン アメリカ

Lost in America

2000 Digital Hollywood [43]
黒沢清の恐怖の映画史

(Kurosawa Kiyoshi no Kyofuno Eigashi - Scary film history of Kurosawa Kiyoshi)

2003 Seidosha [40]
映画の授業 映画美学校の教室から

(Eiga no Jyugyou, Eiga Bigakkou no Kyoushitsu Kara - Film Class, from class room of School of Cinema )

2004 Seidosha
東京から 現代アメリカ映画談 イーストウッド、スピルバーグ、タランティーノ (Modern American film discussion with Eastwood, Spielberg, and Tarantino from Tokyo) 2010 Seidosha
日本映画は生きている

(Nihon Eiga wa Ikiteiru - Japanese Film is Livning)

2010 Iwanami Shoten [44]
映画長話

(Eiga Nagabanashi - Long Story about Film)

2011 Little More [45]

Films Adopted to Novel[edit]

キュア(Cure 1997 Tokuma Bunko [46]
回路 (Pulse) 2001 Tokuma Bunko [46]

Achievement[edit]

Award Year Category Film Result Ref
54th Cannes Film Festival 2001 Prize of Un Certain Regard Pulse Nominated [47][48]
56th Cannes Film Festivals 2003 Competition Bright Future Nominated
61st Cannes Film Festivals 2008 Prize of Un Certain Regard Tokyo Sonata Won Prix du Jury
68th Cannes Film Festivals 2015 Prize of Un Certain Regard Journey to the Shore Won Best Director
70th Cannes Film Festivals 2017 Prize of Un Certain Regard Before We Vanish Nominated
41st Japan Academy Film Prize 2018 Best Director Before We Vanish Won [47][49]
77th Venice International Film Festival 2020 Best Director Silver Lion Wife of A Spy Won [50]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Richie, Donald (2001). A Hundred Years of Japanese Film: A Concise History. Tokyo: Kodansha International. p. 214. ISBN 4-7700-2682-X.
  2. ^ Nozaki, Kan (2011). Andrew, Dudley (ed.). Opening Bazin. Oxford University Press. p. 327.
  3. ^ D., Spencer (23 August 2001). "Interview with Director Kiyoshi Kurosawa". IGN.
  4. ^ Rucka, Nicholas (9 March 2009). "Midnight Eye book review: The Films of Kiyoshi Kurosawa: Master of Fear". Midnight Eye.
  5. ^ Mes, Tom (14 November 2001). "Midnight Eye review: Serpent's Path". Midnight Eye.
  6. ^ a b "黒沢清". 映画.com (in Japanese). Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  7. ^ a b Mes, Tom (20 March 2001). "Midnight Eye review: Charisma". Midnight Eye.
  8. ^ Mes, Tom (20 March 2001). "Midnight Eye review: Cure". Midnight Eye.
  9. ^ Rosenbaum, Jonathan (17 August 2001). "Three films by Kiyoshi Kurosawa". JonathanRosenbaum.net.
  10. ^ Mes, Tom (21 June 2001). "Midnight Eye review: Pulse". Midnight Eye.
  11. ^ Arnold, Michael (20 August 2003). "Midnight Eye review: Bright Future". Midnight Eye.
  12. ^ Brown, Todd (January 23, 2005). "Kiyoshi Kurosawa's Doppelganger Review". Twitch Film. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014.
  13. ^ Tesse, Jean-Philippe (January 2007). "Critique. Loft by Kiyoshi Kurosawa". Cahiers du Cinema. Archived from the original on 2013-06-19. Retrieved 2012-11-01.
  14. ^ Hoover, Travis Mackenzie (6 December 2006). "J-horror Mash-Up: Kiyoshi Kurosawa's Retribution". Slant Magazine. Archived from the original on 2 February 2013.
  15. ^ King, Susan (22 March 2009). "Kiyoshi Kurosawa provides domestic chills in 'Tokyo Sonata'". Los Angeles Times.
  16. ^ Mes, Tom (9 March 2009). "Midnight Eye book review: Mon effroyable histoire du cinéma". Midnight Eye.
  17. ^ Gray, Jason (September 11, 2012). "Kurosawa to direct Japan-China co-production starring Leung". Screen International.
  18. ^ Blair, Gavin J. (26 February 2013). "Production Company Bankrupted by China-Japan Island Dispute Fallout". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media, LLC.
  19. ^ Fainaru, Dan (29 August 2012). "Penance - Review - Screen". Screen International.
  20. ^ Kerr, Elizabeth (27 March 2013). "Beautiful 2013: Hong Kong Review - The Hollywood Reporter". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media, LLC.
  21. ^ Lee, Maggie (9 August 2013). "Locarno Film Review: 'Real'". Variety.
  22. ^ Blair, Gavin J. (18 November 2013). "Japanese Director Kiyoshi Kurosawa 'Very Surprised' About Two Wins at Rome Film Fest". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media, LLC.
  23. ^ "2015 Official Selection". Festival de Cannes. Archived from the original on 18 April 2015. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
  24. ^ Rebeccas Ford (23 May 2015). "Cannes: 'Rams' Wins Un Certain Regard Prize". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media, LLC. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  25. ^ Shackleton, Liz (24 February 2016). "HKIFF to open with Trivisa, Chongqing Hotpot". Screen Daily. Retrieved 25 February 2016.
  26. ^ "Kiyoshi Kurosawa wins best director award at Venice for 'Wife of a Spy'", The Japan Times, September 13, 2020
  27. ^ Cure DVD. “Interview with Kiyoshi Kurosawa." New York: Home Vision Entertainment/Janus Films, 2001.
  28. ^ Sedia, Giuseppe (October 2006). "Interview with Kiyoshi Kurosawa" (in Italian). Asia Express.
  29. ^ Guillen, Michael (13 August 2008). "KIYOSHI KUROSAWA BLOGATHON—CURE: Confusion and Sophistication". Twitch Film. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
  30. ^ Mes, Tom (31 October 2001). "Midnight Eye review: Sweet Home". Midnight Eye.
  31. ^ Erickson, Steve (12 March 2009). "Kiyoshi Kurosawa Composes "Tokyo Sonata"". IFC.
  32. ^ Palmer, Tim (2010). "The Rules of the World: Japanese Ecocinema and Kiyoshi Kurosawa". In Willoquet-Maricondi, Paula (ed.). Framing the World: Explorations in Ecocriticism and Film. University of Virginia Press. ISBN 978-0-8139-3006-0.
  33. ^ a b "東京藝術大学 | 第六回 黒沢 清 大学院映像研究科映画専攻教授". www.geidai.ac.jp. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  34. ^ Dooley, Ben (2020-10-10). "A Famed Horror Director Mines Japan's Real-Life Atrocities". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-10-14.
  35. ^ Kevin Ma (20 June 2014). "Kurosawa Kiyoshi takes Journey to the Shore". Film Business Asia. Retrieved 21 June 2014.
  36. ^ "To the Ends of the Earth [programme note]". TIFF. 2019. Retrieved 2019-09-13.
  37. ^ Neil Young (2019-08-22). "'To the Ends of the Earth': Film Review -- Locarno 2019". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2019-09-13.
  38. ^ "蒼井優×高橋一生×黒沢清監督『スパイの妻』劇場公開へ!予告編も到着". Cinema Cafe. Retrieved June 27, 2020.
  39. ^ "FILM ART | フィルムアート社 | English". www.filmart.co.jp. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  40. ^ a b c d "青土社". www.seidosha.co.jp. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  41. ^ "新潮社". 新潮社 (in Japanese). Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  42. ^ "boid.net". boid.net. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  43. ^ "デジタルハリウッド株式会社". デジタルハリウッド株式会社 (in Japanese). Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  44. ^ "岩波書店". 岩波書店. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  45. ^ "リトルモア | ホーム". www.littlemore.co.jp. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  46. ^ a b "書籍検索 - 徳間書店". www.tokuma.jp. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  47. ^ a b "黒沢清 : 受賞歴". 映画.com (in Japanese). Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  48. ^ "Festival de Cannes - Official Site". Festival de Cannes. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  49. ^ "Japan Academy Film Prize". Japan Academy Film Prize. 2020.
  50. ^ Murphy, Chris (September 12, 2020). "Chloé Zhao's Nomadland Takes Top Prize at 2020 Venice Film Festival". vulture.com. Retrieved October 11, 2020.

Further reading[edit]

  • White, Jerry (2007). The Films of Kiyoshi Kurosawa: Master of Fear. Stone Bridge Press. ISBN 9781933330211.

External links[edit]