|Directed by||R. V. Udayakumar|
|Screenplay by||R. V. Udayakumar|
M. S. Madhu (dialogues)
|Story by||M. S. Madhu|
|Produced by||T. G. Thyagarajan|
|Edited by||Anil Malnad|
Kizhakku Vaasal (transl. East Gate) is a 1990 Indian Tamil-language romantic drama film directed and co-written by R. V. Udayakumar. The film stars Karthik, Revathi and Khushbu. It was released on 12 July 1990 and ran for over 175 days in theatres. In 1992, the film was remade in Hindi as Mere Sajana Saath Nibhana and in Kannada as Sindhoora Thilaka. In 1995, it was remade in Telugu as Chilakapachcha Kaapuram.
In the village named Kizhakku Vaasal, Thaayamma leads a cloistered life and does not visit anyone. She is worshipped as a holy lady upon whom the gods comes down to give them orders periodically. Thaayamma was an orphan and is found by Janagaraj, who is a street performer. They go from house to house begging for food. One day a lonely woman, Sulakshana, (a secret mistress of the village high man – Vijayakumar) accepts Thaayamma as her own daughter and Janagaraj as her brother, and makes them stay in her own house. After 10 years, Thaayamma attains age and some days later finds Sulakshana's occupation. She and Janagaraj attempt to leave her house, but Sulakshana suddenly falls ill and this stops their exit . After Sulakshana's death, Vijaykakumar, the head of the village, tries to take advantage of Thaayamma. But Thaayamma keeps dodging him and keeps herself chaste.
Ponnurangam is a folk singer who performs with his mini troop in nearby village occasionally for festivals. He works part-time as a labourer for Vijayakumar. He has a on Selvi, the daughter of Valliyuran (Shanmuga Sundaram), the rich headman of a neighbouring village and the brother-in-law of Vijayakumar . Selvi looks down upon Ponnurangam and tries to pull a prank on him by asking his mother to meet her father with a wedding proposal. But Ponnurangam's mother (Manorama) is beaten by Valliyuran's men while she visits his house with the marriage proposal and Manorama later dies in her sleep due to the trauma. Selvi repents her actions and falls for Ponnurangam, but he becomes dejected with life. Meanwhile, Vijayakumar arranges his spoilt son's (Thiyagu) marriage with Selvi to end their feud of 20 years and also to grab all of their properties through his son. Ponnurangam is asked to perform at Valliyuran's house the night before the wedding. Selvi apologizes to Ponnurangam for his mother's death and gives him money which he coldly rejects. Thiyagu sees them together. There is a fight between the families and the wedding is called off. Next day, Thiyagu and his men attack Ponnurangam and stab him in the back with a poisoned knife. Thaayamma takes care of Ponnurangam and love blossoms between them. Ponnurangam plans to marry Thaayamma. Vijayakumar tries to thwart them by abducting Thaayamma. He kills Ponnurangam's friend Maakan (Chinni Jayanth), but he is then attacked by the angry villagers and beaten up. The last scene shows Ponnurangam and Thaayamma leaving the village and walking away together.
- Karthik as Ponnurangam
- Revathi as Thaayamma
- Khushbu as Selvi
- Chinni Jayanth as Maakaan
- Manorama as Ponnurangam's mother
- Janagaraj as Thayamma's father
- Shanmugasundaram as Selvi's father "Valliooran"
- S. N. Parvathy
- Kallapetti Singaram
- Bhavana as younger Thaayamma
The production of Kizhakku Vaasal was plagued with various problems. The set which was built for the film was burnt; storywriter M. S. Madhu suffered from fits after witnessing the fire. Actress Sulakshana was admitted to hospital due to nose bleeding. Director R. V. Udayakumar was hospitalised due to a car accident and he went into coma for one month. After recovery, he completed the climax of the film.
|Soundtrack album by|
|Genre||Feature film soundtrack|
Ilaiyaraaja composed the soundtrack. All the songs are set in Carnatic ragas; "Ada Veettukku" and "Pachamala Poovu" are in Sankarabharanam, "Paadi Parantha" and "Thalukki Thalukki" are in Keeravani, and "Vanthathe Oh Kungumam" is in Mohanam. "Ada Veettukku" was inspired by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's 25th symphony, 1st movement.
- Tamil version
|"Pachamala Poovu"||S. P. Balasubrahmanyam||R. V. Udayakumar|
|"Thalukki Thalukki"||S. P. Balasubrahmanyam|
|"Paadi Parantha"||S. P. Balasubrahmanyam|
|"Vanthathe Oh Kungumam"||K. S. Chithra|
- Telugu version (Thoorupu Sindhooram)
|"Tala Vakita"||S. P. Balasubrahmanyam|
|"Vacchene"||K. S. Chithra|
|"Paccha Pacchani"||S. P. Balasubrahmanyam|
|"Poddu Vali Poye"||S. P. Balasubrahmanyam|
|"Thalukku"||S. P. Balasubrahmanyam|
Release and reception
Kizhakku Vaasal was released on 12 July 1990. N. Krishnaswamy of The Indian Express wrote, "The film moves leisurely at a pastoral face but without boring you. Though not without a cinematic craft, it manages to retain a flavour of reality and of some human interest". Despite being released on the same day as Anjali, the film became a commercial success, running for over 175 days in theatres.
- Best Film – G. Thyagarajan, R. V. Udayakumar (director)
- Best Actor – Karthik
- Best Actress – Revathi
- Best Cinematographer – Abdul Rahman
- Best Actor – Karthik
Despite being remade in Telugu, Kizhakku Vaasal was also dubbed and released in Telugu as Thoorpa Sindhooram.
|1992||Mere Sajana Saath Nibhana||Hindi|||
- "கிழக்கு வாசல் படப்பிடிப்பின்போது விபத்தில் சிக்கினார் உதயகுமார்" [Udayakumar was involved in an accident while filming Kizhakku Vaasal]. Maalai Malar (in Tamil). 26 February 2014. Archived from the original on 5 March 2014. Retrieved 26 February 2014.
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- Sundararaman 2007, pp. 121, 151.
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- Sundararaman 2007, pp. 151, 160.
- Sundararaman 2007, p. 165.
- Mani, Charulatha (16 September 2011). "A Raga's Journey — Magical Mohanam". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 23 August 2019. Retrieved 13 July 2020.
- Vivek, T. R. (31 March 2018). "Why many Ilaiyaraaja songs sound as if they emerged from a jam session with Salil Chowdhury". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 19 September 2020. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
- "Thoorupu Sindhuram". Spotify. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
- "Kizhakku Vaasal". The Indian Express. 12 July 1990. p. 5.
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- "'கிழக்கு வாசல்', 'அஞ்சலி' 30 ஆண்டுகள்: ஒரே நாளில் வெளியாகி வெளுத்து வாங்கிய படங்கள்!". Hindu Tamil Thisai. 12 July 2020. Archived from the original on 13 July 2020. Retrieved 13 July 2020.
- Rajendran, Gopinath (5 May 2018). "Where is today's great comedian?". The New Indian Express. Archived from the original on 8 July 2019. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
- "Chinnathambi bags six awards". The Indian Express. 30 October 1992. p. 3.
- "Cinema Express Awards presented". The Indian Express. 5 May 1991. p. 3.
- Arunachalam, Param (2020). BollySwar: 1981–1990. Mavrix Infotech. p. 240. ISBN 978-81-938482-2-7.
- Sundararaman (2007) . Raga Chintamani: A Guide to Carnatic Ragas Through Tamil Film Music (2nd ed.). Chennai: Pichhamal Chintamani. OCLC 295034757.