|Location||near Kashgar, Xinjiang|
|Target||Han Chinese and Chinese Muslim civilians|
|Perpetrators||Uighur and Kirghiz fighters under the command of Osman Ali and Nur Ahmad Jan Bughra of the First East Turkestan Republic|
The Kizil massacre occurred in June 1933, when Uighur and Kirghiz Turkic fighters of the First East Turkestan Republic broke their agreement not to attack a column of retreating Han Chinese and Chinese Muslim soldiers and civilians from Yarkand New City on their way to Kashgar. An estimated 800 Chinese Muslim and Chinese civilians were killed by Turkic Muslim fighters, who paid no attention to religion during the attack.
Chinese Muslim fighters slaughtered several thousand Uyghur civilians at the Battle of Kashgar (1934) the following year in revenge for the Kizil massacre.
- Andrew D. W. Forbes (1986). Warlords and Muslims in Chinese Central Asia: a political history of Republican Sinkiang 1911-1949. Cambridge, England: CUP Archive. p. 88. ISBN 0-521-25514-7. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
- Lars-Erik Nyman (1977). Great Britain and Chinese, Russian and Japanese interests in Sinkiang, 1918-1934. Stockholm: Esselte studium. p. 111. ISBN 91-24-27287-6. Retrieved 2010-06-28.