Kjøllefjord

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Kjøllefjord
Village
Kjøllefjord in June 2015
Kjøllefjord in June 2015
Kjøllefjord is located in Finnmark
Kjøllefjord
Kjøllefjord
Kjøllefjord is located in Norway
Kjøllefjord
Kjøllefjord
Location in Finnmark
Coordinates: 70°56′44″N 27°20′47″E / 70.94556°N 27.34639°E / 70.94556; 27.34639Coordinates: 70°56′44″N 27°20′47″E / 70.94556°N 27.34639°E / 70.94556; 27.34639
Country Norway
Region Northern Norway
County Finnmark
District Øst-Finnmark
Municipality Lebesby
Area[1]
 • Total 0.45 km2 (0.17 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 7 m (23 ft)
Population (2013)[1]
 • Total 947
 • Density 2,060/km2 (5,300/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+01:00)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02:00)
Post Code 9790 Kjøllefjord

Kjøllefjord is the administrative centre of Lebesby Municipality in Finnmark county, Norway. The village is located on the northwestern part of the Nordkinn Peninsula, on the shore of a small fjord which empties into the larger Laksefjorden. The 0.45-square-kilometre (110-acre) village has a population (2013) of 927, which gives the village a population density of 2,060 inhabitants per square kilometre (5,300/sq mi) and makes it the largest village in the municipality and one of the largest fishing villages in Finnmark county.[1][3]

The Hurtigruten coastal express boat has regular stops at Kjøllefjord. Kjøllefjord Church is located in the village. One of the largest fish processing and fishing companies in Kjøllefjord is a branch of Aker Seafoods. Another large company is Laksefjord Seafood AS.[3] Kjøllefjord Airport once served the village, but it is now closed.

In 2005, Statkraft constructed a wind farm near the mountain Gartefjellet, with a maximum capacity of 40 megawatts (54,000 hp). The 17 wind turbines have an annual power output of 155 gigawatt-hours (560 TJ) and provide for the electrical needs of about 6,000 households.

Info[edit]

like all other fishing villages Kjøllefjord has fishing as their main business. At 24 June 2015, there is a single fish processing operating in Kjøllefjord; Old and faithful Årseter(Aarsæther), which has been bought by Aker Seafoods AS, now called Norway Seafood. A company owned by Kjell Inge Røkke. Aker Seafood has plans to continue production and repairing buildings.

Football is a popular sport in Kjøllefjord for adolescents and adults. Kjøllefjord and neighboring town; Mehamn share a single team in Nordkynn football club, which has been running in 3rd division, but who could not accept the promotion because of the economy.[citation needed]

It was in the 1970s established the airstrip for taxi and ambulance flight next Kjøllefjord, but there is no activity today due to it being abandoned in preference to Mehamn Airport.[citation needed][when?] The nearest Airport today, is Mehamn Airport with routes to Hammerfest, Tromsø, Vadsø and Kirkenes.

In 2010 Kjøllefjord and Lebesby Municipality in a positive lifestyle. People look positively to the future and former Kjøllefjordinger (people who live in Kjøllefjord) have turned their eyes towards home. This allows Kjøllefjord to have a stable population growth, and even some growth in between. The town is known for its active cultural life where Christfestival take center stage every summer with known and unknown musicians on stage.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Deep in Kjøllefjord is the old trading post and fishing village of Kjøllefjord, where they have, since the 1500s been driving trade for the town.[citation needed]

In 1685 district governor Hans H. Lilienskiold undertook a journey along the coast of Finnmark. He visited Kjøllefjord where a widow traded as freehold while three other traders drove as servants for Bergen merchants.[citation needed]

In 1690, the Finnmark divided into seven business districts. A district was Dealings and Kjøllefjord with trading Sami Laksefjord and Tana. A romantic time picture of monopoly trade days gives the author Jonas Lie in book three-master future. About Kjøllefjord reads a follows: "As a storage place for Finnmarkske products which fetched by Bergen and later Danish ships, port for Russian Lodja lay and bartered along the coast, and of refuge for foreign ships in white sea pace of Arkhangelsk, ruled there always very life and stir". Kjøllefjord was then a major trading place than Vardo and Vadsø. Kjøllefjord was thus according to the author Jonas Lie, a thriving place c. 1750.[citation needed]

Like so many other places in Finnmark, Kjøllefjord's buildings were set ablaze by German soldiers in the fall of 1944, and the entire population of approximately 700 people were evacuated and scattered throughout the country. After the liberation most came back. The rebuilding began, regulation plans were prepared and eventually the permanent building plans. in a very short time the business community was rebuilt,and nine relatively modern fisheries started up their business.

The fishing fleet grew rapidly, and many skilled fishermen brought ashore on average 12,690 tonnes of fish in the years 1950, 1951 and 1952. Of which 4,835 tons was pollock, 3290 tons were cod, 2961 tonnes of herring and 1,604 tons of other fish species. In 1954 the fishing fleet totaling 155 boats. Of these, 27 boats were between 30 and 50 feet and 10 boats over 50 feet. The rest were under 30 feet. Throughout history, fishing has been the nerve center for the community's activities, in good as well as bad times.

Trade booths quickly started after the war and during the short time it was established 14 stores and two smaller hotels and five cafes. The population increased up to 1,700 inhabitants.

In 1987, we built sports hall totaling 2100m.[citation needed]

Tourism, Attractions and Activities[edit]

In recent years tourism has become an important part of Kjøllefjords business and economy. Arctic Coast AS holds the primary responsibility for tourist information and excursions in Kjøllefjord. They offer snowmobile safari under the Northern Lights, guided bus tours and, in collaboration with Davvi Siida, excursions based on Sami culture and local history for tourists all year round.

In recent years, more and more discovered that Nordkinn is a wonderful area for adventures in the wilderness. Here there are over 240 km of marked hiking trails, several of these originate from Kjøllefjord. Most of these trails are old trails where people walked between the settlements in the old days. There is a wonderful view of all the trails in the area, and it is easy to navigate. Areas west of the peninsula is very popular for hunting and fishing. Grouse is the most common prey, but people also hunt a lot of hares. The waters around Kjøllefjord you can find large char and trout populations. On 3 July 2013, it was also set a new world record for halibut caught on rod, whopper of all 233.5 kg.

Other tourist attractions are Finnkirka, Finnkirka is located on the west side of Nordkinnhalvøya and is a majestic and weathered sea cliff as the shape resembles a church. It is believed to have once been an ancient Sami sacrificial site, and is still used as a landmark for seafarers. When winter's polar kicks in, it is lit up with strong, eye-catching colors that represent the Northern Lights while the hurtigrute sails past. [Citation needed]

Every summer there is the ChristFestival in late June, a small music festival named after and a tribute to blues artist Christian (Kris) Lyngedal who was from Kjøllefjord.

Nature, Climate and Geography[edit]

The forests around town in autumn

The scenery in the area is diverse, with both plateaus and valleys with rich vegetation. After about a 20 minutes hike from Kjøllefjord center to the east, one comes to the world's northernmost Broadleaf forests with large birch trees. The area consists of Oksevågdalen, where one finds rivers and lakes. Lighted trail located here are used a lot in the winter. In the area is also Kjøllefjord Red Cross' cabin / cafe. There is good hunting for grouse and hare coaster and mountains around Kjøllefjord. [Citation needed]

The climate can be summarized as follows: Most of the precipitation falls in the autumn and the winter. April and May are the driest months. Precipitation then rises again somewhat during the summer. February is the coldest month and July / August are the hottest months of the year. Southerly winds are most prominent in the autumn and winter months and northerly winds most prominent summer. Dark season lasts from November 18 to January 25, while the bright nights beginning April 24 and ending on August 20. The midnight sun can be seen the first time on May 13 and the last time on July 31. [Citation needed]

Kjøllefjord is considered the boundary between East and West Finnmark. The place is totally out onto the Arctic Ocean, therefore there may be harsh conditions from northwesterly winds. Two inner breakwaters screens marina and industrial pier from the sea. Kjøllefjord is 30 km from the airport in Mehamn, and in 1989 the site was linked to highway connection.

Education[edit]

The school building that stands in Kjøllefjord was new at the start of the schoolyear in 1956, and in 1963 a supplement was made. In connection with the introduction of the Curriculum in 1997 they got a modern annex which is currently used for 1st grade and the SFO. At primary school in Kjøllefjord there are about 150 pupils in 1st-10th grade. The school has a total of 23 faculty workers, and 4 assistants, Clerk in 50% and cleaning staff. Of these positions, there are several part-time positions, and some are linked to secondary and SFO.[citation needed]

Since 2005 Kjøllefjord been part of the training project LOSA, which gave high school students the opportunity to stay at home during their first year of high school.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Statistisk sentralbyrå (1 January 2013). "Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality.". 
  2. ^ "Kjøllefjord" (in Norwegian). yr.no. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
  3. ^ a b Store norske leksikon. "Kjøllefjord" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2013-02-18. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Kjøllefjord at Wikimedia Commons