Kkachi durumagi

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Kkachi durumagi
Korean clothing-Hanbok-Obangjang durumagi-01.jpg
A Kkachi durumagi for boys.
Korean name
Hangul 까치 두루마기 / 오방장 두루마기
Hanja none· 두루마기
Revised Romanization kkachi durumagi· obangjang durumagi
McCune–Reischauer kkach'i turumagi· obangjang turumagi

Kkachi durumagi is a children's colorful overcoat in hanbok, traditional Korean clothing, which was worn on Seollal, New Year's Day in the Lunar calendar.[1] It was worn mostly by young boys[2] and literally means "a magpie's overcoat". The clothes is also called obangjang durumagi which denotes "an overcoat of five directions".[3] It was worn over jeogori (a jacket) and jokki (a vest) while the wearer could put jeonbok (a long vest) over it. Kkachi durumagi was also worn along with headgear such as bokgeon (a peaked cloth hat[4][5]), hogeon (peaked cloth hat with a tiger pattern) for young boys or gulle (decorative headgear) for young girls.[6][7]

Etymology and color[edit]

A mannequin wearing a blue jeonbok over a kkachi durumagi, and baji (pants), hogeon (a hat) on the head and beoseon (socks) on the feet

The name is composed of the two words in Korean; kkachi referring to Korean magpie[3] and durumagi, a type of overcoat.[6] In Korean mythology, magpies are regarded as auspicious messenger delivering good news but also a provider of prosperity and development.[8][9] The date before Seollal has been referred to as "Kkachi Seollal" (kkachi's New Year's Day). The overcoat was named after the bird to reflect the folk belief because children longed for the cheerful holiday's coming.[3]

Kkachi durumagi is also called obangjang durumagi because it is composed of five colors, representing five different directions (obang) – east (blue), west (white), south (red), north (black), center (yellow).[10] The concept is based on Oriental philosophy.[3]

Seop (섶), the overlapped column of the garment in the center is made of a yellow fabric while gil (길), the large section of the garment in both front and back side is made of a fabric in yellowish green. For boys, blue color is used for the portions called git (깃, a band of fabric that trims the collar),[11] goreum (고름, strings at chest), doltti (돌띠, embroidered belt)[12] respectively and purple is used for mu (무, gusset). On the other hand, kkachi durumagi for girls has red or purple colored git, goreum and doltti and dark blue mu. The sleeves are made of two sheets of fabrics. The outer surface is made of a yellowish green fabric or saekdong (colorful stripes) fabric whereas the inner is rose pink in color.[3]

In old days, kkachi durumagi were worn as seolbim (설빔), new clothing and shoes prepared for Seollal, while at present, it is used as a dorot, a ceremonial garment for doljanchi, celebration for a baby's first birthday.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ 까치두루마기 (in Korean and English). Daum Korean-English Dictionary. [permanent dead link]
  2. ^ http://www.encyber.com/search_w/ctdetail.php?33064&contentno=33064[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ a b c d e f 까치두루마기 (in Korean). Nate / EncyKorea. Archived from the original on 2011-06-10. Retrieved 2008-09-30. 
  4. ^ The Groom's Wedding Attire Archived 2009-04-23 at the Wayback Machine. ACADEMIA KOREANA of Keimyung University
  5. ^ What are the traditional national clothes of Korea?
  6. ^ a b "Hanboks (Traditional Clothings)". Headgear and Accessories Worn Together with Hanbok. Korea Tourism Organization. Retrieved 2008-10-06. 
  7. ^ 두루마기 (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 2009-03-15. Retrieved 2008-09-30. 
  8. ^ Denise Winterman (2008-03-28). "Why are magpies so often hated?". BBC News. 
  9. ^ "About Daejeon City". Daedeok Innopolis. 
  10. ^ 오방색(五方色) (in Korean). Nate Korean Dictionary. Archived from the original on 2011-07-14. Retrieved 2008-10-01. 
  11. ^ "Traditional clothing". KBS World. Archived from the original on 2008-03-17. Retrieved 2013-10-17. 
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-06-10. Retrieved 2009-03-01. 
  • Yu Hui-gyeong (유희경, 柳喜卿) (1980). Research on Korean Costume (한국복식사연구) (in Korean). Ewha Women's University Publishing.