Klaatu barada nikto
|Klaatu barada nikto|
Script of The Day the Earth Stood Still (1951) showing the phrase Klaatu barada nikto
Helen Benson (second)
|Actor||Michael Rennie, Patricia Neal|
|First used in||The Day the Earth Stood Still|
"Klaatu barada nikto" is a phrase originating in the 1951 science fiction film, The Day the Earth Stood Still. The humanoid alien protagonist of the film, Klaatu (Michael Rennie), instructed Helen Benson (Patricia Neal) that, were anything to happen to him she must say the phrase to the robot Gort (Lockard Martin). In response Gort relented from destroying the Earth and resurrected Klaatu from death.
Usage in the film
|This section does not cite any references (sources). (December 2010)|
Edmund H. North, who wrote The Day the Earth Stood Still, also created the alien language used in the film, including the phrase "Klaatu barada nikto." The official spelling for the phrase comes directly from the script (as shown in the above image) and provides insight as to its proper pronunciation.
The phrase was never translated in the film and neither Edmund North nor 20th Century Fox ever released an official translation.
Toward the end of the film, Klaatu is pursued by the American military and fervently urges Helen Benson to memorize the phrase, saying "There's no limit to what he [Gort] can do. He could destroy the Earth... If anything should happen to me you must go to Gort, you must say these words:'Klaatu barada nikto.' Please repeat that."
Shortly after, Klaatu is shot and killed; Gort, knowing he has died, dissolves the polymer cube that encases him and disintegrates the two guards standing watch. Helen Benson watches this, but conveys Klaatu's message. Gort then takes her inside the spaceship and retrieves Klaatu's lifeless body, which he revives.
Usage in 2008 remake
In the 2008 remake of The Day the Earth Stood Still, this line was added at Keanu Reeves' insistence; Klaatu uses it near the beginning of the movie to shut Gort down, and again (highly distorted and barely audible) at the end when he stops the destruction of the Earth. Although the line is not in the English subtitles, it can be heard.
Because there is no official translation of the phrase, a few notable attempts have been made to determine the phrase's meaning:
Philosophy professor Aeon J. Skoble speculates the famous phrase is part of a fail-safe feature used during diplomatic missions, whereby Gort's deadly force can be deactivated in the event the robot is undesirably triggered into a defensive posture. Skoble observes that the theme has evolved into a "staple of science fiction that the machines charged with protecting us from ourselves will misuse or abuse their power." In this interpretation the phrase apparently tells Gort that Klaatu considers escalation unnecessary.
Fantastic Films magazine explored the meaning of "Klaatu barada nikto" in a 1978 article titled The Language of Klaatu. The article, written by Tauna Le Marbe, who is listed as their "Alien Linguistics Editor," attempts to translate all the alien words Klaatu used throughout the film. In the article, the literal translation was "Stop Barbarism (I have) death, bind" and the free translation was "I die, repair me, do not retaliate."
The documentary Decoding "Klaatu Barada Nikto": Science Fiction as Metaphor examined the phrase "Klaatu barada nikto" with some of the people involved with The Day the Earth Stood Still. Robert Wise, director of the film, related a story he had with Edmund North saying North told him, "Well, it's just something I kind of cooked up. I thought it sounded good."
Billy Gray, who played Bobby Benson in the film, said that "barada nikto must mean... save earth". Florence Blaustein, widow of the producer Julian Blaustein, said North had to pass a street called Baroda every day going to work and said, "I think that's how that was born." Film historian Steven Jay Rubin recalled an interview he had with North when he asked the question, "What is the direct translation of Klaatu barada nikto, and Edmund North said to me 'There's hope for earth, if the scientists can be reached.'"
In popular culture
- "Klaatu barada nikto" has been used extensively in popular culture. The Robot Hall of Fame describes the phrase as "one of the most famous commands in science fiction" and Frederick S. Clarke of Cinefantastique called it "the most famous phrase ever spoken by an extraterrestrial."
- In the 1992 film Army of Darkness, Ash (Bruce Campbell) has to speak similar words in order to retrieve the Necronomicon but fails to remember it properly ("Klaatu... verata... n... Necktie. Nectar. Nickel. Noodle."). In the end, he speaks the words again after consuming a potion, allowing him to return to his era. The words were altered from their original use because their meaning was unclear in the original.
- The phrase has also been used humorously, as is the case when Senator Alan K. Simpson's office used it. The June 7, 1994, edition of the now-defunct supermarket tabloid Weekly World News reported that 12 U.S. Senators were aliens from other planets, including Simpson. Then-Senator Simpson's spokesman Charles Pelkey, when asked about Simpson's galactic origins, told the Associated Press: "We've got only one thing to say: Klaatu barada nikto."
- In the 1983 Star Wars film, Return of the Jedi, members of Jabba the Hutt's court contain references to the phrase. Several members of the court are from the Nikto race, with one being named Klaatu. Another is from the Klatooinian race, named Barada.
- The phrase was used in an off-hand fashion by Commander John Crichton in the TV series Farscape, in the season 4 episode "I Shrink Therefore I Am".
- In the novel The Armageddon Rag by George R R Martin, one of the characters, Gortney Lyle, is known as Gort. The novel's protagonist, Sandy, says "Klaatu borada [sic] nicto, Gort" to him, to which Gort replies "Real original. I hate that fucking joke. Everybody makes the same stupid fucking joke."
- Protagonist Charlie Baker speaks the words in the play The Foreigner by Larry Shue (who misspells Klaatu's name). At first Charlie, a meek proofreader for a science fiction magazine, tells a friend, "I sometimes wonder whether a science-fiction magazine even needs a proofreader. Does anyone really care whether there is one K or two in "Klaatu, barada, nikto"? Later, he uses the phrase as part of a tirade against a superstitious Ku Klux Klansman who is threatening to lynch him:
"You—dare—to—affront—me? I, who have lain in wait, lo, these many centuries for such a night as this! ... I, child of Hrothgar and of Moloch! I, whom the Old Ones have given suck, to rise now from the forest mold and smite thee! Klaatu! Barada! Nikto! ... You dare to sneer at me! You—puny earthling!"
- The phrase was used in the 1986 horror movie Chopping Mall.
- In the Firefox web browser, the about:robots page is an Easter egg containing a small number of robot references, with the page title reading Gort! Klaatu barada nikto!
- In the Armor Games flash game "Kingdom Rush", when you upgrade the magical defense tower from an "Adept Tower" to a "Wizard Tower" it shouts out the phrase as a battle cry.
- In the 1982 movie TRON, Alan Bradley's cubicle has a sign that reads "Gort, Klaatu Barada Nikto."
- In Marvel Comics' Fantastic Four #221 (Aug. 1980) Ben Grimm, the Thing, uses this line.
- In the video game Minecraft, one can construct an enchanting table used to upgrade items, tools and weapons. The spells listed in the enchanting table's book are, in another pop culture reference, written in the Commander Keen Standard Galactic Alphabet. One can decode the English cipher the spells contain to find many hidden words, with three of the hidden words being "klaatu", "barada", and "niktu", with "nikto" being misspelled.
- 1989: in the 1987 animated Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles cartoon TV series Invasion of the Turtle Snatchers, a family of three aliens encountered by Donatello and Rocksteady are named Klaatu, Barada and Nikto. Klaatu is the father, Barada is the mother and Nikto is the little boy. In this version, Klaatu, Barada and Nikto come from a planet orbiting the star Antares.
- In the 2013 spoof film Scary Movie 5, the phrase was used as the on/off switch for the Necronomicon Ex-Mortis.
- In the 1978 episode of The Rockford Files entitled "Local Man Eaten by Newspaper", Jim Rockford is physically ejected from the newspaper office by a large pressman. When Jim returns with police Detective Dennis Becker they brush past the pressman by virtue of Det. Becker's badge as Jim says "Klaatu barada nikto".
- In the April 16, 2015 episode of the "Barney and Clyde" comic strip, Pillsbury scientists create a password-protected autonomous robot surgeon—General Operating Robot Technician. Barney Pillsbury guesses that the password is "klaatu barada niktu." Another scientist chides the scientist responsible, "I told you that was too easy."
- The phrase is used by Mickey's character in the TV show "The Monkees". In the episode Mickey is kidnapped by aliens and cloned. His clone is sent back to Earth to "spy". As Peter and Davey figure out what is going on, Clone (robot) Mickey uses the phrase as an apparent attempt to escape.
- In the 1987 film titled "Invisible Thread" Penn Jillette, after saving the planet by performing a magic trick for the space alien threatening to destroy the world, salutes the alien along with his partner Teller and repeats the phrase.
- In the 2012 video game Borderlands 2, the character Gaige, the Mechromancer, may use the phrase upon activating her Action Skill, which summons a powerful and aggressive robot, "Deathtrap".
- In the video game based on the TV series, The Grim Adventures of Billy and Mandy, Irwin says these words.
- In the 2012 video game Resident Evil: Revelations, the character Quint Cetcham may use the phrase after clearing a stage in Raid Mode.
- In the 1992 film Toys, the antagonist Lt. General Leland Zevo (Michael Gambon) is attacked by his creation referred to as the "Sea Swine." Just before the creation fires its weapon, Zevo attempts to disarm it by using the phrase, "Klatu, Bravada, Nikto!" to no avail.
- Pomerance, Murray (2006). Cinema and Modernity. Rutgers University Press. p. 125. ISBN 0-8135-3816-5.
- Cindy White (October 2008). "Day's Anatomy". Sci Fi Wire. Retrieved October 8, 2014.
- Skoble, Aeon J. (2007). "Technology and Ethics in The Day the Earth Stood Still". In Steven M. Sanders. The Philosophy of Science Fiction Film. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-2472-7.
- Le Marbe, Tauna (April 1978). Stein, Michael, ed. "The Language of Klaatu". Fantastic Films (Blake Publishing Corp.) (1). Archived from the original on June 28, 2004. Retrieved July 15, 2010.
- Robert Wise (December 2, 2008). Decoding "Klaatu Barada Nikto": Science Fiction as Metaphor (DVD). Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment. Event occurs at 0:14:05. Retrieved July 15, 2010.
- Billy Gray (December 2, 2008). Decoding "Klaatu Barada Nikto": Science Fiction as Metaphor (DVD). Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment. Event occurs at 0:14:20. Retrieved July 15, 2010.
- Florence Blaustein (December 2, 2008). Decoding "Klaatu Barada Nikto": Science Fiction as Metaphor (DVD). Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment. Event occurs at 0:14:47. Retrieved July 15, 2010.
- Steven Jay Rubin (December 2, 2008). Decoding "Klaatu Barada Nikto": Science Fiction as Metaphor (DVD). Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment. Event occurs at 0:14:55. Retrieved July 15, 2010.
- "The Robot Hall of Fame: Gort". 2006 Inductees: Gort. Carnegie Mellon University. 2006. Retrieved April 18, 2008.
- Clarke, Frederick S. (1970). Cinefantastique: 2. Missing or empty
- Harms, Daniel (2003). The Necronomicon Files: The Truth Behind Lovecraft's Legend. Red Wheel/Weiser. p. 255. ISBN 1-892389-00-2.
- "Senators Jokingly Confirm Tabloid Claim They Are Space Aliens", Associated Press, May 25, 1994
- "Star Wars Power of the Force 2 Photo Archives". Rebelscum.com.
- "I Shrink Therefore I Am", Farscape Episode Guide, BBC.com.
- Shue, Larry (1983). "The Foreigner" (PDF). Valley Center Stage. p. 5. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
- Shue, Larry (1983). "The Foreigner" (PDF). Valley Center Stage. pp. 67–68. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
- "Mozilla bug 417302". Retrieved May 12, 2013.
- "Klaatu Barada Nikto". tvtropes.org.
- "Enchantment Table". gamepedia.com.
- "Invasion of the Turtle Snatchers". TV.com. 14 November 1989. Retrieved 2 October 2014.
- World Public Library. "Klaatu barada nikto". netlibrary.net.
- Gene Weingarten, Dan Weingarten & David Clark. "Barney & Clyde Comic Strip, April 16, 2015 on GoComics.com". GoComics.