November 2, 1926|
|Died||June 2, 2016(aged 89)|
|Institutions||Massachusetts Institute of Technology|
|Alma mater||University of Innsbruck
Ph.D. Organic Chemistry 1951
|Doctoral students||John M. Hayes|
|Known for||Mars Viking mass spectrometer|
|Notable awards||Benjamin Franklin Medal in Chemistry (2007)
NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal (1977))
Klaus Biemann (November 2, 1926 – June 2, 2016) was a professor of chemistry at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. His work centered on structural analysis in organic and biochemistry. He has been called the "father of organic mass spectrometry."
Awards and honors
- Stas Medal of the Belgian Chemical Society (1962)
- Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1966)
- Fritz Pregl Medal of the Austrian Microchemical Society (1977)
- NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal (1977)
- Guggenheim Fellow (1983)
- Field and Franklin Award in Applied Mass Spectrometry from the American Chemical Society (1986)
- ACS Analytical Chemistry Award from the American Chemical Society (2001)
- Thomson Medal from the International Mass Spectrometry Foundation (1991)
- Pehr Edman Award (1992)
- Member of the National Academy of Sciences (1993)
- Beckman-ABRF Award from the Association of Biomolecular Resource Facilities (1995)
- Benjamin Franklin Medal in Chemistry from the Franklin Institute (2007)
- Hayes, John Michael (1966). Techniques for high resolution mass spectrometric analysis of organic constituents of terrestrial and extraterrestrial samples (PhD thesis). Massachusetts Institute of Technology. OCLC 18679992. (subscription required)
- Biemann K (2007). "On the ability of the Viking gas chromatograph–mass spectrometer to detect organic matter". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104 (25): 10310–3. Bibcode:2007PNAS..10410310B. doi:10.1073/pnas.0703732104. PMC 1965509. PMID 17548829.
- The Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry: Volume 9, page 30
- Klaus Biemann, professor emeritus of chemistry, dies at 89
- Chung, Deborah D. L. (2006). The Road to Scientific Success: Inspiring Life Stories of Prominent Researchers (Road to Scientific Success). World Scientific Publishing Company. ISBN 981-256-600-7.
- "Klause Biemann". Franklin Laureate Database. Retrieved June 25, 2011.
- "Book of Members, 1780–2010: Chapter B" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved June 25, 2011.
- "Klaus Biemann". John Simon Guggenheim Foundation. Retrieved June 25, 2011.
- "Frank H. Field and Joe L. Franklin Award for Outstanding Achievement in Mass Spectrometry". American Chemical Society. Retrieved June 25, 2011.
- "ACS Award in Analytical Chemistry". American Chemical Society. Retrieved June 25, 2011.
- "Thomson Medals, 2009". International Mass Spectrometry Foundation. Retrieved June 25, 2011.
- "Klaus Biemann Receives Beckman-ABRF Award". Association of Biomolecular Resource Facilities. Retrieved June 25, 2011.
- "Biemann, Klaus". National Academy of Sciences. Retrieved June 25, 2011.
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