Klaus Wyrtki (February 7, 1925 – February 5, 2013) was an American physical oceanographer.
Born in Tarnowitz, Upper Silesia, Poland, in 1925, from 1945-1948 Wyrtki attended the University of Marburg in Germany, and received his Ph.D. from the University of Kiel in 1950. He was a professor at Scripps Institution of Oceanography until 1964, when he became a member of the faculty of the Department of Oceanography at the University of Hawaii Manoa. From 1993 he was an emeritus professor.
Among other things, Wyrtki is known for his work on understanding and forecasting El Nino. He established a tidal gauge network, gave an explanation for the Pacific oxygen minimum zone under the thermocline, and discovered the ocean current jet that now bears his name, the "Wyrtki Jet". He is also known for his work on thermohaline circulation.
Awards and honors
In 1991, Wyrtki was awarded the Sverdrup Gold Medal Award by the American Meteorological Society, for "outstanding contributions to the dynamics of ocean currents, especially the Gulf Stream". In 2003, Wyrtki was awarded the Prince Albert I Medal. In 2004, he was awarded the Alexander Agassiz Medal of the National Academy of Sciences "for fundamental contributions to the understanding of the oceanic general circulation of abyssal and thermocline waters and for providing the intellectual underpinning for our understanding of ENSO (El Niño)". He is also the winner of the Rosenstiel Award of the Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, the Albert Defant Medal of the German Meteorological Society, and the Maurice Ewing Medal from the American Geophysical Union. In 2007, he was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences. A research vessel at the University of Hawaii is named in his honor.
According to friend and colleague Axel Timmermann, Wyrtki "was really one of the two or three greatest oceanographers of all time, I think. Without him we wouldn't do El Nino forecasting on a regular basis. Without him perhaps we wouldn't understand the effects of global warming on sea level tides. He made some amazing contributions to science and society."
- "Newswatch: Retired UH oceanographer to be honored". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. January 29, 2004. Retrieved March 3, 2013.
- Wyrtki, K. (1962). "The oxygen minima in relation to ocean circulation". Deep-Sea Research and Oceanographic Abstracts. 9: 11–74. doi:10.1016/0011-7471(62)90243-7.
- "Klaus Wyrtki" The International Association for the Physical Sciences of the Oceans.
- Wyrtki, K. (1961). "The thermohaline circulation in relation to the general circulation in the oceans". Deep-Sea Research. 8: 39–45. doi:10.1016/0146-6313(61)90014-4.
- Kagawa, Marcie (March 1, 2013). "Lauded UH oceanographer was driven by curiosity". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. p. A21.
- "Professor Klaus Wyrtki". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. March 1, 2013. Retrieved March 3, 2013.
- "The Prince Albert I Medal: Dr. Klaus Wyrtki". International Association for the Physical Sciences of the Oceans. Retrieved March 3, 2013.
- "Alexander Agassiz Medal". National Academy of Sciences. Retrieved March 3, 2013.
- "Rosenstiel Award Past Recipients". Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science. Retrieved March 3, 2013.
- "UH emeritus professor elected a fellow of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences" University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa, External Affairs & University Relations, 4 May 2007.