Kleiner Perkins

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Coordinates: 37°25′18″N 122°12′41″W / 37.421731°N 122.211275°W / 37.421731; -122.211275

Kleiner Perkins
Kleiner Perkins
IndustryPrivate equity
Founded1972; 47 years ago (1972) in California
FoundersEugene Kleiner, Tom Perkins, Frank J. Caufield, Brook Byers
HeadquartersSand Hill Road, ,
Venture capital funds

Kleiner Perkins, formerly Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers (KPCB), is an American venture capital firm headquartered on Sand Hill Road in Menlo Park in Silicon Valley.[1] Specializing in investments in incubation, early stage and growth companies, since its founding in 1972 the firm has backed entrepreneurs[2] in over 850 ventures,[3] including America Online,[4] Amazon.com,[5] Compaq,[6] Electronic Arts,[4] JD.com, Square,[7] Genentech,[6] Google, Netscape, Sun Microsystems, Nest, Synack, Snap, AppDynamics, and Twitter.[7] Kleiner Perkins focuses its global investments in practice areas including technology and life sciences.[7] The Wall Street Journal and other publications have called it one of the "largest and most established" venture capital firms[8] and Dealbook named it "one of Silicon Valley’s top venture capital providers."[9] In addition to its Menlo Park headquarters, the company has offices in San Francisco[1] and Shanghai, China.[10]


The firm was formed in 1972 as Kleiner, Perkins, Caufield & Byers (KPCB)[11][12] on Sand Hill Road in Menlo Park, California,[13] with a focus on seed, early-stage, and growth investments.[11][12] The firm is named after its four founding partners: Eugene Kleiner, Tom Perkins, Frank J. Caufield, and Brook Byers.[13] Kleiner was a founder of Fairchild Semiconductor, and Perkins was an early Hewlett-Packard executive.[13][14] Byers joined in 1977.[15]

Located in Menlo Park, California, Kleiner Perkins had access to the growing technology industries in the area. By the early 1970s, there were many semiconductor companies based in the Santa Clara Valley as well as early computer firms using their devices and programming and service companies. Venture capital firms suffered a temporary downturn in 1974, when the stock market crashed and investors were naturally wary of this new kind of investment fund. Nevertheless, the firm was still active in this period.[citation needed] By 1996, Kleiner Perkins had handed out $880 million in funding to around 260 companies.[15] Beyond the original founders, notable members of the firm have included individuals such as[16] John Doerr,[17] Vinod Khosla,[18] and Bill Joy.[19] Colin Powell joined as a “strategic” partner in 2005,[20] while Al Gore joined as partner[9] in 2007[18][21] as part of a collaboration between Kleiner Perkins and Generation Investment Management.[22] Mary Meeker joined the firm in 2010,[16] and that year Kleiner Perkins expanded its practice to invest in growth stage companies.[23]

The New York Times has described Kleiner Perkins as “perhaps Silicon Valley’s most famous venture firm.”[20] The firm was described by Dealbook in 2009 as "one of Silicon Valley’s top venture capital providers,”[9] and The Wall Street Journal in 2010 called it one of the "largest and most established" venture capital firms.[8] By 2017 it had raised around $10 billion in 20 venture capital funds and four growth funds.[3]

In May 2012, Ellen Pao, an employee, sued the firm for gender discrimination in Pao v. Kleiner Perkins,[24] which the firm has vigorously denied.[25] On March 27, 2015, after a month-long trial, the jury found against Pao on all claims.[26] In June 2015, Pao filed an appeal.[27] In September 2015, Pao announced she would no longer appeal the jury verdict.[28]

In September 2018, Kleiner Perkins announced it was spinning out its digital growth team into a new independent firm.[29][30]

In January 2019, Kleiner Perkins announced their 18th fund.


In March 2008 Kleiner Perkins announced the iFund, a $100 million venture capital investment initiative that funds concepts related to the iPhone, and doubled that investment a year later.[31] It was reported in April 2008 that Kleiner Perkins was raising funds for a $500 million growth-stage clean-technology fund.[12][32] In October 2010, the firm launched a $250 million fund called sFund to focus on social startups, with co-investors such as Facebook, Zynga and Amazon.com.[33] In early 2016, the firm raised $1.4 billion in KP XVII and DGF III.[34]

The firm has been an early investor in more than 850[3] technology and life sciences firms since its founding, including Amazon.com,[5] America Online,[4] Brio Technology,[35] Compaq,[6] Electronic Arts,[4] Flextronics,[35] Genentech,[6] Geron,[36] Google,[5] Intuit,[33] Lotus Development, LSI Logic, Macromedia,[35] Netscape,[15] Quantum, Segway, Shyp,[37]Sun Microsystems,[35] Synack,[38] Tandem Computers,[14] Nebula,[39] and The 3DO Company.[35] Some current private investments include Newsela,[40] Align Commerce,[41][42] AlienVault, Ionic Security, AirBnB, DJI, Armo, Spotify, Handshake, Ring, Clean Power Finance, Coursera,[7] Datameer,[43] Shape Security,[44] SimpliVity, Leanplum, and Uber.[7]

Kleiner Perkins paid $5 million in 1994 for around 25% of Netscape and profited from Netscape's IPO.[15] Its investment of $8 million in Cerent was worth around $2 billion[citation needed] when the optical equipment maker was sold to Cisco Systems[13] for $6.9 billion in August 1999.[45] In 1999, Kleiner Perkins[5] and Sequoia Capital paid $24 million for 20% of Google—as of February 2018 Google's market capitalization stood at about $700 billion.[citation needed] As initial investors in Amazon.com Kleiner Perkins scored returns[5] in excess of $1 billion[citation needed] on an $8 million investment.[5] Recent investments include AppDynamics, ArcSight, Autotrader.com, Foundation Medicine, Flexus, Lifelock, JD.com, MyFitnessPal, FireEye (Mandiant), Nest, Snap, Square, Tesoara, and Twitter.[7] Kleiner Perkins funds Proterra Inc., an automotive company.[46]

Key partners[edit]

The firm currently has nine general partners managing the company:[47]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Kleiner Perkins Offices at KPCB.com Archived 22 July 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Capital Markets: Kleiner, Perkins, Caufield & Byers". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved 27 July 2011.
  3. ^ a b c Companies, Kleiner Perkins, 2017, retrieved July 22, 2017
  4. ^ a b c d Clifford, Stephanie (April 28, 2008). "Venture Firm Hires Creative Chief at Electronic Arts". The New York Times. New York City, United States. Retrieved May 21, 2017.
  5. ^ a b c d e f "How John Doerr, the old prospector, finally struck Google". CNET. 2004. Retrieved May 17, 2017.
  6. ^ a b c d "Executive Joins Kleiner Perkins". The New York Times. 14 March 1984. Retrieved May 15, 2017.
  7. ^ a b c d e f "KPCB Portfolio Companies". Archived from the original on 1 March 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  8. ^ a b Austin, Scott (2010-01-22). "One Of These Venture Firms Is Not Like The Other". The Wall Street Journal.
  9. ^ a b c "Gore's Dual Role in Spotlight: Advocate and Investor". The New York Times (Dealbook). 3 November 2009.
  10. ^ Headquarters, KPCB China, retrieved May 2, 2017
  11. ^ a b KPCB Information Technology Archived 3 June 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ a b c Richtel, Matt (2008-05-01). "Kleiner Perkins Goes Late on Energy". The New York Times.
  13. ^ a b c d Kleiner, Perkins, Caufield & Byers History, International Directory of Company Histories, Vol. 53. St. James Press, 2003, retrieved May 17, 2017
  14. ^ a b Tandem Computers - International Directory of Company Histories Vol. 6, St. James Press, 1992
  15. ^ a b c d Corcoran, Elizabeth (October 13, 1996). "Venture Capital Firm Kleiner Perkins Has Long Nurtured Internet Enterprises". ‘’Washington Post’’. Retrieved September 2, 2014.
  16. ^ a b "Team". KPCB. Retrieved May 21, 2017.
  17. ^ Kaplan, Jerry (1996) [first published by Houghton Mifflin Company 1994]. Startup: A Silicon Valley Adventure. Bridgewater, NJ: Penguin Books. pp. 301–302. ISBN 0-7351-0141-8. ISBN 0-395-71133-9 (hc.); ISBN 0 14 025731 4 (pbk.). Retrieved June 13, 2010.
  18. ^ a b "Greentech Initiative". Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers. Archived from the original on 16 November 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-13.
  19. ^ Primack, Dan (April 16, 2012). "Exclusive: Big changes coming to Kleiner Perkins". Fortune. Retrieved May 21, 2017.
  20. ^ a b Rivlin, Gary (July 13, 2005). "Colin Powell Joins Venture Capital Firm". The New York Times. Retrieved May 21, 2017.
  21. ^ Coile, Zachary (13 November 2007). "Gore joins Valley's Kleiner Perkins to push green business". San Francisco Chronicle . Retrieved 2007-11-13.
  22. ^ "Generation Investment Management and Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers Create International Alliance to Accelerate Global Climate Solutions". Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, Generation Investment Management. 2007-11-12. Archived from the original on 14 November 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-13.
  23. ^ McBride, Sarah (June 27, 2014). "Kleiner Perkins files to raise $1.2 billion in new venture funds". Reuters. Retrieved June 20, 2017.
  24. ^ McBride, Sarah (22 May 2012). "Kleiner partner sues firm for discrimination". Reuters. Retrieved 15 June 2012.
  25. ^ Roy, Jessica (May 22, 2012). "Kleiner Perkins 'Vigorously Denies' Ellen Pao's Gender Discrimination Claims". The Observer (Betabeat). Retrieved 15 June 2012.
  26. ^ Elder, Jeff (28 March 2015). "Jury Backs Kleiner Perkins in Sex-Bias Case". The Wall Street Journal.
  27. ^ Kocalitcheva, Kia (2015-08-11). "Ellen Pao appeals order to pay Kleiner Perkins trial costs". Fortune. Retrieved 2015-10-01.
  28. ^ Elder, Jeff (September 10, 2015). "Ellen Pao Won't Appeal Trial Loss in Case Against Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers". Wall Street Journal. New York City. Retrieved May 2, 2017.
  29. ^ https://www.axios.com/kleiner-perkins-is-splitting-up-1536933575-dccd3c28-2900-4ba4-ab23-b8e3e3f89a55.html
  30. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2018/09/14/technology/mary-meeker-kleiner-perkins.html
  31. ^ KPCB doubles iFund investment to $200MM Archived 10 March 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  32. ^ Haislip, Alexander; Dan Primack (24 April 2008). "Kleiner Perkins raising green growth fund". Private Equity Week. Archived from the original on 1 May 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-27.
  33. ^ a b Arrington, Michael (October 21, 2010). "The Kleiner Perkins sFund: A $250 mn bet that social is just getting started". TechCrunch. Retrieved 22 October 2010.
  34. ^ Levy, Ari (May 23, 2016). "Kleiner Perkins raising close to $1.3 billion for two funds: Sources". CNBC. Retrieved May 21, 2017.
  35. ^ a b c d e "75 Power Players". Next Generation. Imagine Media (11): 66–67. November 1995. Kleiner, Perkins, Coffhil & Beyers [sic] were one of the initial investors in The 3DO Company, and as a result, they made a lot of money.
  36. ^ "SEC Schedule 13G, filed Feb. 17, 1999".
  37. ^ Rao, Leena (April 21, 2015). "Fortune: Shyp, a mobile shipping app, raises $50 million". Retrieved April 5, 2016.
  38. ^ Lev-Ram, Michal (April 24, 2014). "For crowdsourced security startup, a carrot and a hack". Fortune. Retrieved April 30, 2017.
  39. ^ Morgan, Timothy Prickett (July 27, 2011). "NASA's former CTO launches Nebula cloud controller". The Register. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
  40. ^ "Newsela Profile". Built in NYC. Retrieved 15 March 2017.
  41. ^ Chernova, Yuliya (17 November 2015). "Kleiner Perkins Makes First Bitcoin Related Deal With Aligh Commerce". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 18 November 2015.
  42. ^ Shin, Laura (17 November 2015). "Kleiner Perkins Makes First Bitcon Startup Investment With B2B Payments Provider Align Commerce". Forbes. Retrieved 18 November 2015.
  43. ^ Finley, Klint (September 25, 2012). "Analytics Company Datameer Raises $6 Million From Redpoint Ventures and Kleiner Perkins". TechCrunch. Retrieved May 17, 2017.
  44. ^ Primack, Dan (February 25, 2014). "Deals of the day: Shape Security raises $40 million". Fortune.
  45. ^ Cisco buys Cerent, Monterey Networks - CNET (August 1999)
  46. ^ "The electric bus company Proterra is worth up to $840 million after raising new money". Recode. Retrieved 2018-06-04.
  47. ^ "Team". KPCB. Retrieved September 8, 2017.

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