Kleinmachnow

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Kleinmachnow
Coat of arms of Kleinmachnow
Coat of arms
Kleinmachnow   is located in Germany
Kleinmachnow
Kleinmachnow
Coordinates: 52°24′13″N 13°13′13″E / 52.40361°N 13.22028°E / 52.40361; 13.22028Coordinates: 52°24′13″N 13°13′13″E / 52.40361°N 13.22028°E / 52.40361; 13.22028
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Potsdam-Mittelmark
Government
 • Mayor Wolfgang Blasig (SPD)
Area
 • Total 11.94 km2 (4.61 sq mi)
Elevation 42 m (138 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 20,655
 • Density 1,700/km2 (4,500/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 14532
Dialling codes 033203
Vehicle registration PM
Website www.kleinmachnow.de

Kleinmachnow is a wealthy municipality in the Potsdam-Mittelmark district, in Brandenburg, Germany.

Geography[edit]

It is situated 19 km (12 mi) southwest of the centre of Berlin, immediately neighbouring the borough of Steglitz-Zehlendorf, and 12 km (7.5 mi) east of Potsdam. The municipality encompasses the settlement of Dreilinden.

History[edit]

Canal lock

Kleinmachnow arose at the former Bäke creek, today replaced by the Teltow Canal built in 1906. Parvo Machenow was first mentioned in the 1375 land registry (Landbuch) of Emperor Charles IV, then also Brandenburg Elector. In medieval times the ford was controlled by a castle, recently held by the Hake noble family. Together with the canal the Kleinmachnow lock was erected, soon becoming a landmark.

From the early 20th century the former village developed to an affluent suburb of Berlin. In 1937 Wilhelm Ohnesorge, minister of the Reichspost, acquired the Hakeburg mansion as his residence and established a large research facility of communications-electronics here. In World War II Kleinmachnow was the site of a labour camp with about 5,000 inmates, including a subcamp of Sachsenhausen.

Crash site of LM316 in Kleinmachnow south of Berlin.

On the night of 2–3 December 1943, a Lancaster plane of the Royal Australian Air Force (flight LM 316) was shot down over Kleinmachnow, one of those killed being the well-known Norwegian writer and poet Nordahl Grieg, at the time serving as a war correspondent. (A memorial stone was unveiled at the site (52°23′51″N 13°12′58″E / 52.39750°N 13.21611°E / 52.39750; 13.21611) in November 2003.)

In 1946 the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED) seized the Hakeburg, which hosted the party's academy in the following years. From 1961 to 1989 the municipality was girded by the Berlin Wall on three sides and the motorway near Dreilinden (today Bundesautobahn 115) was the site of a major border crossing, counterpart of the Allied checkpoint Bravo in West Berlin. Since German reunification Kleinmachnow has seen a major increase of population, while the restitution of numerous plots[clarification needed] in favour of those owners who had fled from the GDR led to fierce conflicts.

Demography[edit]

Kleinmachnow:
Population development within the current boundaries (2013)
[2]
Year Population
1875 176
1890 181
1910 401
1925 840
1933 3 589
1939 12 565
1946 11 792
1950 13 743
1964 13 817
1971 14 304
Year Population
1981 13 159
1985 12 435
1989 11 830
1990 11 613
1991 11 374
1992 11 233
1993 11 162
1994 11 083
1995 11 283
1996 11 577
Year Population
1997 12 715
1998 13 795
1999 14 826
2000 15 796
2001 16 507
2002 17 100
2003 17 497
2004 17 988
2005 18 367
2006 18 778
Year Population
2007 19 193
2008 19 395
2009 19 589
2010 19 890
2011 20 086
2012 20 194
2013 20 405

Politics[edit]

Seats in the municipal assembly (Gemeindevertretung) as of 2008 elections:

Twin town[edit]

Notable people[edit]

  • Lily Braun, feminist, born July 2, 1865 in Halberstadt, died August 8, 1916 in Berlin, lived in Kleinmachnow from 1909
  • Friedrich Kayßler, actor, born April 7, 1874 in Neurode (Nowa Ruda), died April 24, 1945 in Kleinmachnow
  • Arnold Schönberg, composer, born September 13, 1874 in Vienna, died July 13, 1951 in Los Angeles, lived in Kleinmachnow from 1911 to 1913
  • Kurt Weill, composer, born March 2, 1900 in Dessau; died April 3, 1950 in New York City, lived in Kleinmachnow from 1932 to 1933
  • Hanns Maaßen, writer, born December 26, 1908 in Lübeck, died June 23, 1983 in Mahlow, lived in Kleinmachnow from 1971
  • Fred Wander, writer, born January 5, 1917 in Vienna, died July 10, 2006 in Vienna, lived in Kleinmachnow from 1958 to 1983
  • Karl Gass, documentary filmmaker, born February 2, 1917 in Mannheim, died January 29, 2009 in Kleinmachnow, lived in Kleinmachnow from 1961 to 2009
  • Christa Wolf, writer, born March 18, 1929 in Landsberg an der Warthe (Gorzów Wielkopolski), died December 1, 2011 in Berlin, lived in Kleinmachnow from 1962 to 1976
  • Bushido, German rapper, living in his mansion.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Kleinmachnow at Wikimedia Commons