Ključ, Una-Sana Canton
Location of Ključ within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
|Country||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|• Municipality president||Nedžad Zukanović|
|• Total||358 km2 (138 sq mi)|
|Population (2013 census)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Ključ (pronounced [kʎûːtʃ]) is a town and municipality by the same name in western Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is located in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, specifically the Una-Sana Canton. The name of the town and the municipality translates to "Key" in Bosnian.
Human settlements have existed in the area long before the Roman Era. The town itself is first mentioned in 1322 in the documents of ban Stjepan II Kotromanić. It was conquered by the Ottoman Empire in 1463 as the last Royal Bosnian fortress.
Kljuc is was first mentioned in 1322. In 1463, during the Ottoman invasion of Bosnia, the last Bosnian king Stjepan Tomasevic, took refuge in the city. His surrender and execution marked the downfall of the medieval Bosnian state.
At the start of the civil war in Bosnia (1992-1995), the Kljuc area was held by Bosnian Serb forces. In the summer of 1995, the Bosnian Muslim Army forces attacked and occupied Kljuc. As a result, most of the pre-war ethnic Serb population fled or was ethnically cleansed. After the Dayton Peace Accords, the town belongs to the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Today, it is estimated that about 97% of the population of Kljuc are Bosniaks.
According to the last official census in 1991, the municipality had a key 37,233 inhabitants, distributed in 61 settlements.
|Ethnic Composition (1991)|
|Ethnic Composition (1971)|
In 1991, the municipality of Ključ contained 61 places:
As a result of the war, the villages of Busije, Crkveno, Čađavica, Donja Previja, Donja Slatina, Donji Ribnik, Donji Vrbljani, Dragoraj, Gornja Previja, Gornja Slatina, Gornje Sokolovo, Gornji Ribnik, Gornji Vrbljani, Rastoka, Sitnica, Sredice, Stražice, Treskavac, Velijašnica, Velije et Zableće, as well as parts of Donje Ratkovo, Donje Sokolovo, Dubočani, Gornje Ratkovo, Jarice, Ljubine et Velečevo became a part of Ribnik municipality,Republika Srpska.
Today the municipality of Ključ has 40 localities :
The area is connected to other parts of Bosnia by the M-5 highway. Forestry, light industry and tourism are major components of the economy.
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