Klonoa: Door to Phantomile
|Klonoa: Door to Phantomile|
Klonoa: Door to Phantomile[a] is a platform game developed and published by Namco for the PlayStation in 1997. The story follows Klonoa and his friend Huepow in their efforts to save the dream world of Phantomile from an evil spirit intent on turning it into a world of nightmares. The player controls Klonoa through a 2.5D perspective; the stages are rendered in three dimensions but the player moves along a 2D path. Klonoa can grab enemies and throw them as projectiles, or use them as a jump boost to navigate through the stages.
The game was directed by Hideo Yoshizawa, who conceptualized the setting as a dream world that could appeal to children and adults. The Klonoa character was designed early on and the environments and other characters were designed around him. Door to Phantomile received generally positive reviews, being praised for its clever platforming and impressive graphics and cutscenes. Some critics thought it lacked in gameplay innovations and was excessive in its Japanese cuteness. In retrospect, it is considered one of the best 2.5D platformers and best PlayStation games. It spawned a series of sequels, including Klonoa 2: Lunatea's Veil (2001) for the PlayStation 2, and a 2008 remake for the Wii.
Klonoa: Door to Phantomile is a side-scrolling platform game. It is presented from a 2.5D perspective; the environments are rendered in 3D but the gameplay takes place on a 2D plane. The player moves the protagonist Klonoa along this path; he can run left and right, jump, and hover for a short period of time. The path may often curve, overlap itself, or branch into different directions. Paths visible in the background may be traversed later in the stage.
Klonoa can grab enemies using a large ring inhabited by his spirit friend Huepow. After grabbing an enemy, they are inflated like a balloon and the player can either throw them as a projectile weapon at other enemies, or use them as a springboard to perform a larger jump. Enemies can be thrown into the foreground or background as well as along the 2D plane. The stages are laced with obstacles that must be traversed by using a combination of these techniques. Some stages end in boss fights which take place in circular 3D arenas or head-on against a 2D plane.
The game is set in Phantomile, a land fueled by dreams people have at night. A young boy creature named Klonoa has been having dreams about an airship crashing into a nearby mountain, and one day an airship does indeed crash into the mountain. Klonoa and his friend, a "ring spirit" named Huepow, decide to investigate. They find a dark spirit named Ghadius on the mountain searching for a magical moon pendant so he can turn Phantomile into a world of nightmares. Klonoa ventures back to town where his grandfather tells him that his grandmother knows about the pendant.
Klonoa and Huepow travel to find his grandmother, who tells them that the pendant is at his grandfather's house. One of Ghadius' henchmen eavesdrops into the conversation, and ventures off to steal the pendant and kill his grandfather before Klonoa can arrive back. Klonoa eventually defeats Ghadius who unleashes a nightmarish beast known as Nahatomb as he dies. Huepow reveals himself to be a prince and helps Klonoa defeat Nahatomb and restore peace to Phantomile. After this final battle, Huepow explains that Klonoa actually came from another world and was given fake memories when summoned to Phantomile. Klonoa is then sucked through a portal back to his own world.
Klonoa: Door to Phantomile was developed by Namco and directed by Hideo Yoshizawa as his tenth project. Yoshizawa is known for having previously directed Ninja Gaiden (1988) for the Nintendo Entertainment System. The idea for Door to Phantomile originated when Yoshizawa wanted to create a more cinematic game following his dissatisfaction with other developers not prioritizing story. The original concept was more serious and featured robots and an "ancient ruins" motif. The main character was a robot that would defeat enemies with spinning iron balls. This idea was dropped for a dreams motif and a more comical story. Yoshizawa established the dream concept because he was interested in exploring the quickly the idea of where dreams go when they are forgotten. He envisioned a world where these dreams could be collected and felt players could relate the setting to their own dreams and experiences. Namco felt that the game would appeal to a wide audience, thinking the adventure-like aspects would be enjoyed by children and the emotional plot twists would be appreciated by adults. Lead designer Tsuyoshi Kobayashi conceptualized the fast-paced action gameplay. Originally the game used three buttons, but was reduced to two for quicker input and faster play.
Klonoa and other characters were designed by Yoshihiko Arai. The initial designs of Klonoa had a shadow-like design and the character was called "Shady". Arai felt that this design lacked color and dropped it. His next design had cat eyes and long ears, as he believed that a person's eyes and silhouette are their foremost features. He added a large hat and necklace to give him a childlike and mischievous quality. The character has features of a dog, cat, and rabbit but is not explicitly any particular animal. His hat features a Pac-Man design. After Klonoa was designed, the setting and other characters were designed around him. Having now adopted a dreams theme, the enemies were designed with as nightmareish. Klonoa and Huepow's movements in cinematics were based on motion capture data. Some of the cinematic animators acted out their own motion capture in addition to professional actors. Differences in the character movements can be spotted with a close eye, according to the developers. The cinematics were made with LightWave 3D. The background music was the work of several different composers, each working on their stages independently.
The game was revealed at the 1997 E3 trade fair with a trailer video. In previews, both IGN and GameFan compared the 2.5D gameplay to Pandemonium!. Namco stated they hoped the cartoonish antics of Klonoa would appeal to children, their target demographic. The game was also presented at the 1997 Tokyo Game Show with playable demos and an actor in a Klonoa costume. The game was published by Namco on December 11, 1997 in Japan. The soundtrack was published by Nippon Crown in February the following year. It was originally going to feature only a selection of songs because the entire score could not fit on a single disc. It was postponed so it could be upgraded it to a two-disc set to fit the full score. Japan also received a manga based on the game, published by Enix in March. Namco published the game in North America in Q1 1998, and it was published in Europe on June 5 by Sony Computer Entertainment Europe. It struggled to gain sales in North America.
Door to Phantomile was included in a PlayStation 2 compilation of Namco games titled NamCollection in July 2005. The Japanese exclusive compilation commemorated Namco's 50th anniversary and included five original PlayStation games by the company. It was also rereleased for Japanese mobile phones in July 2009, and as a downloadable PSone Classic on the PlayStation Network in December 2011.
Critics labeled Klonoa: Door to Phantomile as Namco's first notable 3D platformer and a bid for creating a gaming mascot. GameSpot called it "one of the best side-scrollers in years"  Critics praised how the game built upon simple controls and maneuvers to create interesting gameplay. Computer and Video Games liked how the game's level design lent itself as a "satisfying puzzle element" rather than just "an exercise in platform skills." IGN wrote agreed that it was perhaps the best platformer on the market, and "the first 2.5D platformer that makes use of classic 2D game elements without sacrificing the versatility of a 3D environment." Critics praised the level design and diverse environments. Although well made, some argued that it was somewhat formulaic and lacked innovation. Edge explained that "it uses platforming mainstays to create a surprisingly pleasing, if generic, gaming experience." Game Informer recommended it to fans of classic platformers.
The cinematics received praise, with Edge believing they rivaled some film CGI. The in-game graphics and visual artistry were also commended for their quality. The game's Japanese cuteness was met with mixed reviews, some thought it was overly cute. Game Revolution complained about the character voices, and labeled the cuteness "nausea" inducing. Others like Edge and Computer and Video Games appreciated the game's cute aspects. Because of the game's cuteness, Game Revolution felt the game was geared towards children. They also believed the game was too difficult for young players while likewise too easy for experienced gamers. Others agreed the game was too short and could have been more challenging. Game Informer did agree that the game appealed to younger players, but felt the game had a fair challenge and could appeal to those looking for a simple game.
Namco was given a "Best Character" award for Klonoa by the Computer Entertainment Supplier's Association in Japan for 1997. The game was deemed the Platform Game of the Year for 1998 by videogames.com, which called it a "sleeper hit" and "a triumph from an unexpected source."
Klonoa: Door to Phantomile is remembered for its blend of 2D gameplay and 3D visuals. Critics praised it for retaining classic side-scrolling gameplay while still acknowledging the industry's transition to 3D. GameSpy and GamesRadar+ ranked it as the 5th and 25th best PlayStation game of all-time respectively. Nintendo Power called it "arguably the best platformer released for the PlayStation" and GameSpy called it the best 2.5D game ever and of the best platformers of its generation.
The game spawned a series of sequels, including a direct sequel titled Klonoa 2: Lunatea's Veil (2001) for the PlayStation 2, as well as other titles for the Game Boy Advance. The original game was remade in 2008 for the Wii, called Klonoa in the West. The remake was developed with key members of the original development team, including director Yoshizawa. An anime film set in the same universe as Door to Phantomile was announced in 2016.
- In Japanese: Kaze no Kuronoa: Door to Phantomile (風のクロノア door to phantomile lit. "Klonoa of the Wind: Door to Phantomile")
- IGN Staff (March 11, 1998). "Klonoa: Gateway to Phantomile". IGN. Archived from the original on June 2, 2014. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
- "Klonoa: Nothing a little penicillin won't fix!". Game Revolution. 1998. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
- "Klonoa: Door to Phantomile". Computer and Video Games. No. 198. May 1998. p. 67.
- Dulin, Ron (March 12, 1998). "Klonoa Review". GameSpot. Archived from the original on September 1, 2018. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
- "Klonoa of the Wind: Door to Phantomile". GameFan. Vol. 6 no. 2. January 1998. pp. 16, 52–55.
- Yoshizawa, Hideo (January 30, 1998). "今回のエッセイスト： 開発ディレクター・吉沢秀雄". Bandai Namco (in Japanese). Archived from the original on August 4, 2016.
- Hoffman, Chris (January 2009). "Klonoa: The Platforming Masterpiece Returns!". Nintendo Power. No. 237. Future Publishing. pp. 68–71.
- Tanaami, Hideki (March 27, 1998). "グラフィックデザイナー・・田名網 英樹". Bandai Namco (in Japanese). Archived from the original on August 4, 2016. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
- Arai, Yoshihiko (March 6, 1998). "今回のエッセイスト グラフィックデザイナー・荒井 佳彦： OUTER VISION 1：前身を考えよう". Bandai Namco. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
- Tanaami, Hideki (February 6, 1998). "今回のエッセイスト：メイン企画・小林 毅". Bandai Namco (in Japanese). Archived from the original on August 4, 2016. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
- Arai, Yoshihiko (March 6, 1998). "今回のエッセイスト グラフィックデザイナー・荒井 佳彦： OUTER VISION 2:主役キャラを考えよう". Bandai Namco (in Japanese).
- Nick (October 1997). "Klonoa of the Wind: Door to Phantomile". GameFan. Vol. 5 no. 10. pp. 61–63.
- Nakazawa, Akiko. "今回のエッセイスト： ムービーチーム・中澤 晃子". Bandai Namco. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
- Yoshimizu, Kei (March 13, 1998). "風のクロノア/開発者リレーエッセイ". Bandai Namco. Archived from the original on August 4, 2016. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
- "井村 絵里子". Bandai Namco. February 27, 1998. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
- IGN Staff (August 22, 1997). "So Very Strange". IGN. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved December 16, 2007.
- "ナムコの新キャラクター クロノア登場". Namco (in Japanese). 1997. Archived from the original on June 11, 2004. Retrieved December 16, 2007.
- "PlayStation/風のクロノア～door to phantomile～". Bandai Namco. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016.
- "風のクロノア/開発者リレーエッセイ". Bandai Namco. 1998. Archived from the original on August 4, 2016.
- Shigeno, Koichiro (March 24, 1998). "今回のエッセイスト：販促スタッフ 音楽CD担当 茂野 弘一郎". Bandai Namco (in Japanese). Archived from the original on March 6, 2016.
- "風のクロノア ４コママンガ劇場". Bandai Namco (in Japanese). Archived from the original on April 5, 2016. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
- IGN Staff (March 27, 1998). "Klonoa Comics!". IGN. IGN Entertainment. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved December 16, 2007.
- "Klonoa". Sony Computer Entertainment Europe - Virtual Press Office. 2008. Archived from the original on December 11, 2008.
- "ナムコレクション". Bandai Namco Entertainment (in Japanese). Archived from the original on May 18, 2016. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
- GameSpotStaff (March 24, 2005). "Namco celebrates 50th birthday with compilation". GameSpot. Retrieved April 10, 2008.
- "『風のクロノアdoor to phantomile』携帯電話向けサイトで配信開始！ | インサイド". インサイド (in Japanese). July 29, 2009. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
- Chen, Grace (December 27, 2011). "PlayStation Store Update". PlayStation.Blog. Archived from the original on September 6, 2015. Retrieved December 27, 2011.
- "Klonoa: Door to Phantomile for PlayStation". GameRakings. Archived from the original on February 5, 2012. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
- "Klonoa - PlayStation". Game Informer. April 1998. Archived from the original on September 9, 1999.
- "風のクロノア 〜door to phantomile〜". Famitsu (in Japanese). Archived from the original on May 24, 2016. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
- "Testscreen: Klonoa: Door to Phantomile" (PDF). Edge. No. 55. February 1998. p. 89. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 13, 2018. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
- "ProReview: Klonoa of the Wind: Door to Phantomile". GamePro. No. 104. March 1998. p. 95.
- IGN Staff (April 6, 1998). "Square Rules Japan". IGN. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
- "videogames.com's The Game of the Year: Platform Game of the Year". videogames.com. 1999. Archived from the original on May 8, 1999. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
- "The 25 best PS1 games of all time". GamesRadar+. March 26, 2018. Archived from the original on April 4, 2018. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
- 電撃オンライン (December 11, 2017). "『風のクロノア』発売から20年。名作として語り継がれる世界観とアクションの秘密を振り返る【周年連載】". 電撃オンライン (in Japanese). Archived from the original on August 3, 2018. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
- "Top 25 PSone Games of All-Time - Page 22". GameSpy. September 8, 2005. Archived from the original on March 25, 2013.
- Schilling, Mark (October 27, 2016). "TIFFCOM: Henshin Developing Film Based on 'Klonoa' Video Games (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Archived from the original on December 8, 2017. Retrieved December 13, 2017.
- Smith, David (July 23, 2001). "Klonoa 2: Lunatea's Veil". IGN. Archived from the original on June 25, 2016. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
- Bozon, Mark (May 5, 2009). "Klonoa Wii Review". IGN. Archived from the original on April 4, 2013. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
- Luster, Joseph (October 28, 2016). ""Klonoa: Door to Phantomile" Anime Film in Development". Crunchyroll. Archived from the original on November 1, 2016. Retrieved November 29, 2016.