Klosters

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Klosters-Serneus
Klosters Dorf
Klosters Dorf
Coat of arms of Klosters-Serneus
Coat of arms
Klosters-Serneus is located in Switzerland
Klosters-Serneus
Klosters-Serneus
Klosters-Serneus is located in Canton of Graubünden
Klosters-Serneus
Klosters-Serneus
Coordinates: 46°53′N 9°53′E / 46.883°N 9.883°E / 46.883; 9.883Coordinates: 46°53′N 9°53′E / 46.883°N 9.883°E / 46.883; 9.883
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Prättigau/Davos
Area[1]
 • Total 219.83 km2 (84.88 sq mi)
Elevation ([2]) 1,200 m (3,900 ft)
Population (Dec 2016[3])
 • Total 4,476
 • Density 20/km2 (53/sq mi)
Postal code 7250 Klosters-Platz
7252 Klosters-Dorf
7249 Serneus
SFOS number 3871
Surrounded by Conters im Prättigau, Davos, Gaschurn (AT-8), Langwies, Lavin, Saas im Prättigau, Sankt Gallenkirch (AT-8), Susch
Website www.klosters-serneus.ch
SFSO statistics

Klosters is a town in the Prättigau/Davos Region in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. Together with neighbouring Serneus, the two towns form the municipality of Klosters-Serneus.

The town's ski resort lies 150 km (93 mi) from Zurich, the nearest international airport. Transfer time is about 1.5 hours. Klosters is 10 km (6.2 mi) from Davos. It is a popular ski location and the slopes are easily accessible via a large cable car.

History[edit]

Klosters-Serneus is first mentioned in 1222 as ecclesiam sancti Iacobi. In 1436 it was mentioned as zuo dem Closter.[4]

Geography[edit]

Stützbach stream between Klosters and Davos-Laret

Klosters-Serneus has an area, (as of the 2004/09 survey) of 219.83 km2 (84.88 sq mi).[1] Of this area, about 24.7% is used for agricultural purposes, while 19.5% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.6% is settled (buildings or roads) and 54.2% is unproductive land. In the 2004/09 survey a total of 179 ha (440 acres) or about 0.8% of the total area was covered with buildings, an increase of 33 ha (82 acres) over the 1985 amount. Over the same time period, the amount of recreational space in the municipality increased by 14 ha (35 acres) and is now about 0.08% of the total area. Of the agricultural land, 4 ha (9.9 acres) is used for orchards and vineyards, 954 ha (2,360 acres) is fields and grasslands and 4,797 ha (11,850 acres) consists of alpine grazing areas. Since 1985 the amount of agricultural land has decreased by 575 ha (1,420 acres). Over the same time period the amount of forested land has increased by 315 ha (780 acres). Rivers and lakes cover 289 ha (710 acres) in the municipality.[5][6]

Before 2017, the municipality was located in and is the only municipality in Klosters sub-district of the Prättigau/Davos district, after 2017 it was part of the Prättigau/Davos Region.[7] It was created in 1865 through the merger of the formerly independent municipalities of Serneus and Klosters. Until 1973 Klosters-Serneus was known as Klosters.[8] It is the last and uppermost village in the Prättigau valley. It consists of the villages of Klosters and Serneus and is made up of the sections of Platz, Dorf, Selfranga, Äuja and Monbiel

Demographics[edit]

Klosters village

Klosters-Serneus has a population (as of December 2016) of 4,476.[3] As of 2015, 19.7% of the population are resident foreign nationals. In 2015 a small minority (226 or 5.9% of the population) was born in Germany a small minority (286 or 7.5% of the population) was born in Portugal.[9] Over the last 5 years (2010-2015) the population has changed at a rate of -2.43%. The birth rate in the municipality, in 2015, was 7.0, while the death rate was 9.2 per thousand residents.[6] Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (88.7%), with Portuguese being second most common (2.9%) and Serbo-Croatian being third (2.6%).[10]

As of 2015, children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 17.7% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) are 57.0% of the population and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 25.3%.[6] In 2015 there were 1,508 single residents, 1,768 people who were married or in a civil partnership, 231 widows or widowers and 301 divorced residents.[11]

In 2015, there were 2,113 private households in Klosters-Serneus with an average household size of 2.13 persons. In 2015, about 33.5% of all buildings in the municipality were single family homes, which is much less than the percentage in the canton (49.4%) and much less than the percentage nationally (57.4%).[12] Of the 1,376 inhabited buildings in the municipality, in 2000, about 34.8% were single family homes and 43.9% were multiple family buildings. Additionally, about 20.3% of the buildings were built before 1919, while 9.0% were built between 1991 and 2000.[13] In 2014 the rate of construction of new housing units per 1000 residents was 10.24. The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2016, was 0.89%.[6]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[14]

Skiing[edit]

Klosters is well known as a favorite ski resort for Charles, Prince of Wales and subsequently one cable car to the top of Gotschnagrat is named the "Prince of Wales".

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

Interior of the Reformed church

The Reformierte Kirche am Platz is listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance.[15]

Politics[edit]

In the 2015 federal election the most popular party was the SVP with 41.3% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (18.7%), the BDP (17.6%) and the SP (10.8%). In the federal election, a total of 1,341 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 51.4%.[16]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 46.5% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (28.7%), the SP (17.2%) and the CVP (4.7%).[10]

Education[edit]

In Klosters-Serneus about 76.4% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[10]

Economy[edit]

Cable car near Klosters, much of the local economy depends on tourism

Klosters-Serneus is classed as a tourist community.[17] In 2015 local hotels had a total of 128,053 overnight stays, of which 54.4% were international visitors.[18]

As of 2014, there were a total of 2,190 people employed in the municipality. Of these, a total of 144 people worked in 62 businesses in the primary economic sector. The secondary sector employed 554 workers in 83 separate businesses. There were 10 small businesses with a total of 219 employees and one mid sized business with a total of 97 employees. Finally, the tertiary sector provided 1,492 jobs in 313 businesses. There were 25 small businesses with a total of 645 employees.[19] In 2015 a total of 10.2% of the population received social assistance.[6]

In 2011 the unemployment rate in the municipality was 1.2%.[20]

In 2015 the average cantonal, municipal and church tax rate in the municipality for a couple with two children making 80,000 SFr. was 3.5% while the rate for a single person making 150,000 SFr. was 15%, both of which are close to the average for the canton and nationally. In 2013 the average income in the municipality per tax payer was 70,989 SFr. and the per person average was 40,079 SFr., which is greater than the cantonal averages of 69,964 SFr. and 33,075 SFr. respectively In contrast, the national tax payer average is 82,682 SFr., while the national per person average is 35,825 SFr..[21]

Religion[edit]

From the 2000 census, 895 or 23.0% are Roman Catholic, while 2,587 or 66.5% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there are 106 individuals (or about 2.72% of the population) who belong to the Orthodox Church, and there are 13 individuals (or about 0.33% of the population) who belong to another Christian church. There are 32 (or about 0.82% of the population) who are Islamic. There are 14 individuals (or about 0.36% of the population) who belong to another church (not listed on the census), 221 (or about 5.68% of the population) belong to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 27 individuals (or about 0.69% of the population) did not answer the question.[22]

Transport[edit]

Klosters is served by regular train services at Klosters station, alongside a variety of regional and local bus services.

Panoramic view from Gotschnagrat on Klosters Dorf (right), Serneus (center) and Madrisahorn

Society[edit]

The Klosters ski resort has been the winter destination for the British Royal Family for over 3 decades.[23] Klosters takes pride in what Tom Robbins refers to as “Discreet luxury yes, pomposity just for show, no”, it warns; here “understatement is written in capital letters”.[24] Prince William and Prince Harry grew up in the village learning to ski and were often spotted at their usual haunt Casa Antica.[25] Among other historic notable usuals include the likes of Paul Newman, Gregory Peck, Yul Brynner, Lauren Bacall, Juliette Gréco, Irwin Shaw, Robert Capa, Greta Garbo and Gene Kelly, who famously danced on the tables in the hotel bar of the legendary Hotel Chesa Grischuna where Rex Harrison discussed his musical notes for "My Fair Lady" with the hotel pianist. Peter Viertel described Klosters as "Hollywood on the Rocks" in his acclaimed autobiography "Dangerous Friends" and in 1960 married Deborah Kerr in Klosters.[26][27] In more recent history other regulars include, Lord Mandelson, billionaires Nathaniel Philip Rothschild,[28] Thomas Schmidheiny,[29] Friede Springer, and Peter Munk,[30] other notables include Benjamin Wegg-Prosser,[31] Tara Palmer-Tomkinson, Rupert Everett and Swiss movie producer Marc Forster.[32][33] Local hotel proprietor and skier Ruth Guler ran the Hotel Wynegg, and socialised with several royals, though she treated them no differently to other guests.[34] Nicholas Wheeler and Chrissie Rucker own the Haus Alpina chalet in Klosters.[35]

Climate[edit]

Klosters has a Tundra climate (ET) under the Köppen climate classification. The average annual temperature is 2 °C (36 °F). The average coldest month was January with an average temperature of −9 °C (15 °F), while the warmest month was July with an average temperature of 13 °C (55 °F). The wettest month was August during which time Klosters received an average of 110 millimeters (4.3 in) of rain or snow. During this month it received precipitation for 14.6 days. The month of June had the most precipitation days, 14.9 but only had 86 millimeters (3.4 in) of precipitation. The driest month was February during which time Klosters received an average of 36 millimeters (1.4 in) of rain or snow. During this month it received precipitation for 10.6 days.[36]

Climate data for Klosters
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −3
(27)
−1
(31)
4
(39)
8
(47)
14
(57)
18
(65)
21
(69)
19
(67)
16
(60)
10
(50)
3
(37)
−3
(27)
9
(48)
Daily mean °C (°F) −9
(15)
−8
(18)
−3
(27)
2
(36)
7
(45)
11
(51)
13
(55)
12
(53)
9
(48)
4
(39)
−3
(27)
−8
(17)
2
(36)
Average low °C (°F) −16
(4)
−14
(6)
−9
(15)
−4
(25)
1
(33)
3
(38)
5
(41)
4
(40)
2
(36)
−2
(28)
−8
(18)
−13
(8)
−4
(24)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 38
(1.5)
36
(1.4)
50
(2)
56
(2.2)
71
(2.8)
86
(3.4)
104
(4.1)
109
(4.3)
89
(3.5)
81
(3.2)
66
(2.6)
50
(2)
840
(33)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 11.7 10.6 12.6 12.6 14.2 14.9 14.3 14.6 10.3 8.2 10.6 11 133.9
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0mm) 4.9 4.6 6 6.3 6.9 8 8.8 9 8 7.7 6.7 6.3 83.2
Average relative humidity (%) 78 74 72 69 66 64 65 69 72 74 77 79 72
Source: [36]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ http://meteo.search.ch/snow/klosters-snow-region.en.html
  3. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2017
  4. ^ Klosters-Serneus in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  5. ^ "Arealstatistik Land Use - Gemeinden nach 10 Klassen". http://www.landuse-stat.admin.ch. Swiss Federal Statistical Office. 24 November 2016. Retrieved 27 December 2016.  External link in |website= (help)
  6. ^ a b c d e Regionalporträts 2017: Swiss Federal Statistical Office (in German) accessed 18 May 2017
  7. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz - Mutationsmeldungen 2016 accessed 16 February 2017
  8. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (in German) accessed 23 September 2009
  9. ^ Federal Statistical Office - Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (Land) accessed 31 October 2016
  10. ^ a b c Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 4 October 2011
  11. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geschlecht, Zivilstand und Geburtsort (in German) accessed 8 September 2016
  12. ^ Statistical Atlas of Switzerland - Anteil Einfamilienhäuser am gesamten Gebäudebestand, 2015 accessed 18 May 2017
  13. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Thema 09 - Bau- und Wohnungswesen (in German) accessed 5 May 2016
  14. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, 1850-2000 (in German) accessed 27 April 2016
  15. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance Archived 2009-05-01 at the Wayback Machine. 21.11.2008 version, (in German) accessed 28-Oct-2009
  16. ^ "Nationalratswahlen 2015: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung nach Gemeinden" [National council elections 2015: strength of the parties and voter turnout by municipality] (in German). Swiss Federal Statistical Office. Archived from the original on 2 August 2016. Retrieved 18 July 2016. 
  17. ^ "Die Raumgliederungen der Schweiz 2016" (in German, French, Italian, and English). Neuchâtel, Switzerland: Swiss Federal Statistical Office. 17 February 2016. Retrieved 14 December 2016. 
  18. ^ Federal Statistical Office - Hotellerie: Ankünfte und Logiernächte der geöffneten Betriebe accessed 31 October 2016
  19. ^ Federal Statistical Office -Arbeitsstätten und Beschäftigte nach Gemeinde, Wirtschaftssektor und Grössenklasse accessed 31 October 2016
  20. ^ "Arbeitslosenquote 2011". Statistical Atlas of Switzerland. Swiss Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 4 May 2017. 
  21. ^ "18 - Öffentliche Finanzen > Steuern". Swiss Atlas. Swiss Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 26 April 2017. 
  22. ^ Graubunden Population Statistics Archived 2009-08-27 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
  23. ^ http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2291016/Prince-Charles-pictured-skiing-Swiss-resort-Klosters-Camilla-seen.html
  24. ^ http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/7b464c1a-a164-11e4-bd03-00144feab7de.html
  25. ^ http://www.mirror.co.uk/lifestyle/travel/europe-short-haul/klosters-remains-ski-holiday-resort-2930820#.U-ZN2Y1dVO8
  26. ^ http://www.davos.ch/en/stay/davos-klosters/history/hollywood-in-klosters.html
  27. ^ http://www.davos.ch/en/stay/davos-klosters/portrait-image/royal-playground.html
  28. ^ https://www.forbes.com/profile/nathaniel-rothschild/
  29. ^ http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/b98f1b80-2555-11e0-93ae-00144feab49a.html#axzz3talg0KCh
  30. ^ https://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/peter-munk-a-mining-magnate-nears-the-end-of-his-golden-reign/article17502857/?page=all
  31. ^ http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1080660/Use-Ferrari-Mandy-told-Rothschild-Klosters-holiday.html
  32. ^ http://www.simonseeks.com/travel-guides/tara-palmer-tomkinsons-klosters__119036
  33. ^ http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/b98f1b80-2555-11e0-93ae-00144feab49a.html#axzz39uhJhaEi
  34. ^ Bogart, Anne (2 December 1987). "The Heart Of Klosters". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 16 April 2015. 
  35. ^ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/snowandski/features/11354739/Klosters-Switzerland-inside-the-White-Companys-ski-chalet.html
  36. ^ a b Weatherbase climate summary accessed 19 June 2013. The weather station is 1,710 meters (5,611 ft) above sea level.