Knag Burn Gateway

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Coordinates: 55°00′53″N 2°19′43″W / 55.01466°N 2.32865°W / 55.01466; -2.32865

Knag Burn Gateway
Knag Burn Gateway on Hadrian's Wall - geograph.org.uk - 499989.jpg
Remains of the Knag Burn Gateway taken from South of the wall facing West towards Housesteads (visible at the top of the hill)
Hadrian's Wall at the Knag Burn northeast of Housesteads Fort - geograph.org.uk - 1495123.jpg
The remains of the gateway
Knag Burn Gateway is located in Northumberland
Knag Burn Gateway
Knag Burn Gateway
Knag Burn Gateway shown within Northumberland
OS grid reference NY79086894
List of places
UK
England
Northumberland

The Knag Burn Gateway is a gateway which was built into Hadrian's Wall some time after construction of the wall itself, generally acknowledged to be during the fourth century.[1]

Location[edit]

Knag Burn Gateway is located at the point where Hadrian's Wall crosses the Knag Burn, just to the East of Housesteads, between the fort and Turret 36B. The burn itself passes beneath the wall via a culvert a few metres to the West of the gateway.

Description[edit]

Knag Burn Gateway is one of the few gates through the wall outside a milecastle or fort.[1] The remains indicate that the structure consisted of a single passage gateway, with guard-chambers on either side and a gate at each end, thus allowing controlled passage through the wall.[2] Professor I A Richmond has suggested that the gateway was constructed to allow trade traffic through the wall some time in or after the fourth century.[3]

The gateway was discovered in 1855 and excavated in 1936 and 1988. The structure consists of the 3.7 metres (12 ft) wide gateway with two small structures either side.[4]

The two cell structures at either side of the gateway measure 4.65 metres (15.3 ft) by 3.25 metres (10.7 ft), with entrances 0.95 metres (3 ft 1 in) wide (on the side nearest the gateway), which open onto a passage.[4]

Monument Record[edit]

Monument Monument Number English Heritage Archive Number Scheduled Monument Notification
Knag Burn Gateway 1007856 NY 76 NE 95 14-July-1997

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Breeze, David J (1934), Handbook to the Roman Wall (14th Revised edition - Nov 2006), Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle upon Tyne, ISBN 0-901082-65-1 
  2. ^ David J Breeze and Brian Dobson (1976). Hadrian's Wall. Allen Lane. ISBN 0-14-027182-1. 
  3. ^ Toynbee, J. M. C. (June 1960). "Review: The Impact of Roman on Native in North Britain". The Classical Review (Cambridge University Press) 10 (2): pp 164–166. 
  4. ^ a b "Knag Burn Gateway". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 11 May 2010.