Knapsack, Germany

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Settlement in Knapsack, former buildings for chemists
Chemical park with water tower

Knapsack is a locality of Hürth, Rhine-Erft district, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.[1]

On Wednesday 17 October 2007, King Harald of Norway opened Statkraft's first gas power plant at Knapsack in Germany. The plant will have an installed capacity of 800 MW.[2]

History[edit]

Knapsack, its first documentary mention in 1566, started to emerge into a notable town after 1900 due to establishment and development of industry (1906 the Knapsack-Griesheim AG, later known as the Hoechst AG; 1913 construction of the brown coal power plant Goldenberg-Werk)[citation needed]

During World War II the RAF bombed the Knapsack power-station several times. The first raid was a low-level daylight raid by on 12 August 1941 by 54 Bristol Blenheims under the command of Wing Commander Nichol of No. 114 Squadron RAF. The Blenheims hit their targets (the Fortuna Power Station in Knapsack and the Goldenburg Power Station in Quadrath) but twelve of the Blenheims were lost during the raid, 22 percent of those that took part which was far above the sustainable loss rate of less than five.[3][4][5][6][7] A further raid took place on the night of 2/3 October 1943 with 12 OBOE Mosquitos,[8] and a second attack that year was another night attack on 21/22 December 1943 by 4 Mosquitos.[9][10]

Due to environmental constraints, 4000 citizens had to be resettled between the years 1969 and 1979.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

Commons:Hürth-Knapsack gallery of local photographs

References[edit]

  1. ^ Knapsack (Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany)
  2. ^ Staff. Knapsack CCPP, Statkraft website, 17 October 2007
  3. ^ Staff. Obituary of Wing Commander Tom Baker, Daily Telegraph, 10 Apr 2006
  4. ^ "Bristol Blenheims" by James Gardner, 1941. Pencil and watercolour on board., national Archives, Accessed 22 July 2008
  5. ^ “Bristol” BLENHEIM, Accessed 22 July 2008. Bibliography of the raid
  6. ^ picture of an RAF Blenheim V6391 After Bombing Goldenburg Power Station, Cologne, Welcome to MFA Productions LLC, Accessed 25 July 2008. "A Bristol Blenheim Mark IV (extreme left), serial V6391, marked RT-V of 114 Squadron, 2 Group, Royal Air Force, banks away after releasing two 500-pound (227-kilogram) bombs over the Goldenburg-Werk lignite (brown coal) power station in Knapsack."
  7. ^ picture of RAF Blenheims Attack Fortuna Power Station in Cologne, Welcome to MFA Productions LLC, Accessed 25 July 2008. "A Bristol Blenheim Mark IV of the Royal Air Force's Number 2 group pulls away after a successful attack on the Fortuna Power Station in Quadrath."
  8. ^ RAF History - Bomber Command 60th Anniversary, Campaign Diary: October 1943. Accessed 18 July 2008
  9. ^ RAF History - Bomber Command 60th Anniversary, Campaign Diary: October 1943.
  10. ^ Knapsack Power Station, Germany, 7 April 1942, The Science & Society Picture Library, Accessed 22 July 2008. A Photo reconnaissance picture of the power station.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°52′N 06°51′E / 50.867°N 6.850°E / 50.867; 6.850