Knaresborough railway station

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Knaresborough National Rail
Harrogate line, Knaresborough Station (geograph 4300495).jpg
The station in 2014 looking towards the tunnel
Place Knaresborough
Local authority Harrogate
Coordinates 54°00′32″N 1°28′13″W / 54.0090°N 1.4703°W / 54.0090; -1.4703Coordinates: 54°00′32″N 1°28′13″W / 54.0090°N 1.4703°W / 54.0090; -1.4703
Grid reference SE348571
Station code KNA
Managed by Northern
Number of platforms 2
DfT category F1
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2011/12 Increase 0.326 million
2012/13 Increase 0.331 million
2013/14 Increase 0.340 million
2014/15 Increase 0.354 million
2015/16 Decrease 0.349 million
Original company East and West Yorkshire Junction Railway
Pre-grouping North Eastern Railway
Post-grouping London and North Eastern Railway
30 October 1848 Temporary station opened at Hay Park Lane, Knaresborough
21 July 1851 Permanent Knaresborough station opened
Listed status
Listed feature Knaresborough Station
Listing grade Grade II listed
Entry number 1277673[1]
Added to list 12 March 1986
National RailUK railway stations
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Knaresborough from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK Railways portal
View SW with distinctive signal box

Knaresborough railway station is a Grade II listed[1] station serving the town of Knaresborough in North Yorkshire, England. It is located on the Harrogate Line 16.75 miles (27 km) west of York and is operated by Northern who provide all passenger train services.


The station is located at the northern side of the Nidd Viaduct off Station Road to the South West side of Knaresborough town centre. The station is in walking distance from the town centre and the Western side of Knaresborough.


British Rail Class 141 arriving at the station in 1992.

The East and West Yorkshire Junction Railway (E&WJR) was opened from York (Poppleton Junction) to a temporary terminus known as Hay Park Lane, Knaresborough on 30 October 1848. The E&WYJR was absorbed by the York and North Midland Railway on 1 July 1851. Three weeks later, with the completion of the stone viaduct crossing the River Nidd at Knaresborough on 21 July 1851, the temporary station was closed and a new Knaresborough station opened on the current site just beyond the stone viaduct.[2][3]

In 1865 the North Eastern Railway replaced the 1851 station with a design by Thomas Prosser.[4] The station was rebuilt c.1890.[5] The 1851 Water tower is still extant.[6]

Related features[edit]

Beyond the platforms eastbound was a tunnel which separated the station from the goods yard (now a bus depot) and the line's major junction. The Knaresborough to Boroughbridge branch (1875–1950 for passengers,[7] 1964 for goods) diverged from the main line to York opposite the goods yard. This line continued north-east until it met the East Coast Main Line between York and Northallerton at Pilmoor.[8] The tunnel is still extant with both north and south portals are now listed structures.[9][10]

A plaque unveiled by the late Malcolm Hayton in 1998 celebrating the extension of the railway from York to Knaresborough 150 years previously.

The station signal box (built 1890) is somewhat unusual in that it was built onto the end of an adjoining row of terraced houses on Kirkgate.[5][11] - it supervises the single line section eastwards to Cattal, an adjacent level crossing and a crossover that is used to reverse those trains from Leeds that terminate here.


The station is unstaffed, but has ticket machines available. The station buildings on the eastbound platform are in private commercial use - one of these is a cafe (sited in the old booking office) that is open to the public. Both platforms have shelters and are linked by subway and the level crossing.[12] Step-free access is via separate entrances to each platform. A long line P.A system and passenger information screens are in place to provide train running details.


On 5 March 2015, the Harrogate Line, amongst others in the area including the Leeds-Bradford Interchange-Halifax Line, the Selby-Hull Line and the Northallerton-Middlesbrough Line were named top priority for electrification; with an estimated cost for the Harrogate Line of £93 million with a projected cost benefit ratio of 1/1.80. No date has been set however.[13]

Money has been set aside for the doubling of the single line sections between Knaresborough and York. This will allow capacity improvements along the whole line. The projected completion date for this work is 2018.[14]


During Monday to Saturday off-peak, there is a half-hourly service to Leeds (westbound) and an hourly service to York (eastbound).[15]

During evenings and on Sundays, there is an hourly service in each direction.


  1. ^ a b Historic England. "Knaresborough Station (1277673)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 30 December 2016. 
  2. ^ Awdry, Christopher (1990). Encyclopaedia of British Railway Companies. London: Guild Publishing. p. 125. CN 8983. 
  3. ^ Butt, R.V.J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations. Yeovil: Patrick Stephens Ltd. pp. 116, 136. ISBN 1-85260-508-1. R508. 
  4. ^ Fawcett, Bill (2001), A History of North Eastern railway Architecture, 1: The Pioneers, North Eastern Railway Association, p. 138, ISBN 1873513348 
  5. ^ a b Historic England. "SIGNAL BOX AT KNARESBOROUGH STATION (1248970)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  6. ^ Historic England. "WATER TOWER AT KNARESBOROUGH STATION (1387760)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  7. ^ Daniels, Gerald David; Dench, Leslie Alan (May 1973) [1964]. Passengers No More (2nd ed.). Shepperton: Ian Allan. p. 67. ISBN 0-7110-0438-2. OCLC 2554248. 1513 CEC 573. 
  8. ^ Wignall, C.J. (1983), Complete British Railways Maps and Gazetteer from 1830-1981 (First ed.), Oxford Publishing Company, Poole, p. 38, ISBN 0-86093-162-5 
  9. ^ Historic England. "SOUTH PORTAL OF RAILWAY TUNNEL (1315608)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  10. ^ Historic England. "NORTH PORTAL TO RAILWAY TUNNEL (1149912)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "Knaresborough Signal Box". Retrieved 5 September 2008. 
  12. ^ Knaresborough station facilities National Rail Enquiries; Retrieved 30 November 2016
  13. ^ "Harrogate reacts to rail electrification news". Harrogate Advertiser. Retrieved 14 January 2016. 
  14. ^ Windham, Dan (27 October 2015). "North Yorkshire take first step for Harrogate". Harrogate Advertiser. Retrieved 14 January 2016. 
  15. ^ Table 35 National Rail timetable, December 2016

External links[edit]

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Starbeck   Northern
Harrogate Line