Knesset Guard

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Member of the newly established Knesset Guard, 1959
A Knesset Guard, armed with a Galil assault rifle, in front of the Knesset, 2008

The Knesset Guard (משמר הכנסת‎) (Mishmar HaKnesset) is an Israeli protective security unit. The Knesset Guard is responsible for the security of the Knesset building and protection of Knesset members (MKs).

Guards are stationed outside the building, and ushers are on duty inside. The commander of the force is called the Sergeant-at-Arms (K'tzin HaKnesset, literally, "officer of the Knesset"). In addition to its everyday duties, the Knesset Guard plays a ceremonial role, greeting dignitaries and taking part in the annual ceremony on Mount Herzl on the eve of Israeli Independence Day.[1]


On October 29, 1957 Moshe Dwek threw a grenade during a plenary session of the Knesset. Minister Haim Moshe Shapiro, Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion and Minister of Foreign Affairs Golda Meir were injured. Following the events the Israeli Police decided to establish the Knesset Guard in 1958.[2]

The Status and Authority were regulated as part of Knesset Guard Law from 1968. First Knesset Officer was Yerachmiel Belkin.


Knesset Guards are armed with IMI Tavor TAR-21 and IMI Galil rifles.


English language equivalent (Hebrew) Rank Insignia
Constable שוטר Shoter Shoter.svg
Corporal רב שוטר Rav Shoter RavShoter.svg
Sergeant סמל שני Samal Sheni SamalSheni.svg
Staff Sergeant סמל ראשון Samal Rishon SamalRishon.svg
Sergeant First Class רב סמל Rav Samal RavSamal.svg
Master Sergeant רב סמל ראשון Rav Samal Rishon RavSamalRishon.svg
First Sergeant רב סמל מתקדם Rav Samal Mitkadem RavSamalMitkadem.svg
Sergeant Major רב סמל בכיר Rav Samal Bakhir RavSamalBahir.svg
Sergeant Major of Command רב נגד Rav Nagad RavNagad.svg
Second Guard Officer קצין משמר משנה Kzin mishmar mishne Second Guard Officer Kzin-mishmar-mishne of Knesset Guard.png
First Guard Officer קצין משמר Kzin mishmar First Guard Officer Kzin-mishmar of Knesset Guard.png
Senior Guard Officer שמר Shamar Senior Guard Officer Shamar of Knesset Guard.png
Chief Guard Officer רב שמר Rav Shamar Chief Guard Officer Rav-Shamar of Knesset Guard.png
Vice Commissioner סגן גונן Sgan-Gonen Vice Commissioner Sgan-Gonen of Knesset Guard.png
Commissioner גונן משנה Gonen Mishne Commissioner Gonen-Mishne of Knesset Guard.png
Commander of the Knesset Guard תת גונן Tat Gonen (Tat Nitzav) General (Commander of the Knesset Guard) Tat-Gonen Tat-Nitzav(Mefaked Mishmar Ha-Knesset) of Knesset Guard.png
Knesset Master-at-Arms ניצב Ktzin-Ha-Knesset (Nitzav) Major-General (Knesset Master-at-Arms) Nitzav (Ktzin-Ha-Knesset) of Knesset Guard.png


  1. ^ "Tour Station 3: The Knesset Guard". The Knesset. The State of Israel. 2003. Retrieved 27 December 2014. 
  2. ^ Knesset Website Staff. "Third Knesset". The Knesset. State of Israel. Retrieved 27 December 2014. 

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