Knight Air Flight 816
|Date||May 24, 1995|
|Site||Dunkeswick, United Kingdom|
|Aircraft type||Embraer 110 Bandeirante|
|Flight origin||Leeds Bradford International Airport
Leeds, United Kingdom
Aberdeen, United Kingdom
Knight Air Flight 816, being flown by G-OEAA, an Embraer 110 Bandeirante belonging to Knight Air, was an internal scheduled flight operating between Leeds Bradford and Aberdeen airports on 24 May 1995, which crashed with the loss of all on board shortly after take-off.
The aircraft departed Leeds Bradford airport at 16:47 hours UTC departure from runway 14, and was observed immediately to veer off the ATC instructed flight path; one minute and 50 second into the fight, the first officer reported problems with the artificial horizons in the plane and asked to return to Leeds Bradford.
Local weather was poor with restricted visibility, low cloud, and a recent thunderstorm - 'turbulent instrument meteorological conditions', according to the AAIB, dark and stormy conditions according to residents in the vicinity.
The crew, who comprised the pilot in command, first officer and a flight attendant, then had severe problems maintaining their heading returning to the airport. The aircraft subsequently entered a left turn, rapidly lost height and crashed at Dunkeswick Moor, north of Harewood, North Yorkshire, six miles north east of the airport. None of the crew or nine passengers survived the crash.
An Air Accident Investigation Branch report found that one or both artificial horizons in the aircraft failed, leading to loss of control by the pilots and the plane entering a spiral dive exceeding operating parameters and leading to partial break-up before impact.
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