Knightia excelsa

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Knightia excelsa
Knightia excelsa 11.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
Order: Proteales
Family: Proteaceae
Tribe: Knightieae
Genus: Knightia
Species: K. excelsa
Binomial name
Knightia excelsa
R. Br. (1810)
Synonyms

Rymandra excelsa Salisb.
Sources: UniProt,[1] IPNI[2]

Knightia excelsa, commonly called rewarewa (from Māori), is an evergreen tree endemic to the low elevation and valley forests of New Zealand's North Island and Marlborough Sounds (41° S)[3] and the type species for the genus Knightia.[4]

Rewarewa grows to 30 m tall, with a slender crown. The leaves are alternate, leathery, narrow oblong, 10 – 15 cm long and 2.5 - 3.5 cm wide, and without stipules. The flowers are 2 - 3.5 cm long, bright red, and borne in racemes 10 cm long. Produces dry woody follicles.

It was called New Zealand honeysuckle by early European settlers but the name has fallen into disuse in preference for the Māori name. Rewarewa flowers are a great source for honey production.

Rewarewa in flower

References[edit]

  1. ^ UniProt. "Species Knightia excelsa". Retrieved 28 June 2008. 
  2. ^ International Organization for Plant Information (IOPI). "Plant Name Search Results" (HTML). International Plant Names Index. Retrieved 28 June 2008. 
  3. ^ Meylan, BA; BG Butterfield (1973). "Scanning Electron Micrographs of New Zealand Woods 2. Knightia excelsa R.Br". New Zealand Journal of Botany. XI: 201–12. doi:10.1080/0028825x.1973.10430273. 
  4. ^ "Knightia". Index Nominum Genericorum. International Association for Plant Taxonomy. 9 February 1996. Retrieved 28 June 2008. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Knightia excelsa at Wikimedia Commons Works related to On the Proteaceae of Jussieu at Wikisource