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Kniveton is a village and civil parish in Derbyshire, England. It is located in the Peak District, 3 miles (4.8 km) north east of Ashbourne, 6 south west from Wirksworth and 150 miles (240 km) from London. It is close to the reservoir at Carsington Water.
The name Kniveton derives from "Cengifu" and "tun", meaning the farmstead of a woman named Cengifu, an OE personal name.
There are two scheduled barrows in Kniveton and Thomas Bateman excavated one in 1845. A later excavation revealed a rivetted bronze dagger with an ivory pommel, an urn or food vessel, a perforated stone axe and an amber ring.
Kniveton is mentioned in the Domesday book where it is recorded as Cheniveton. The manor belonged to the Kniveton family. The manor was sold after 1660 to the Lowe family and afterwards to the Pegge family who sold it to the Meynells.
During the 19th century the inhabitants worked in the cotton mills. Lime-burning and agriculture were other occupations.
Historically Kniveton was a township, parish and village in the Western division of the county, part of the ancient Wirksworth hundred, and part of the Ashbourne Poor Law Union which came into existence in January 1845. The coat of arms on display in the church's stained glass window is that of the Kniveton family.
Kniveton covers 1,974 acres (7.99 km2), the underlying rock is limestone and the soil is heavy, much of it pastureland.
|Population growth in Kniveton from 1881–1961|
In 1715 Mr. John Hurd gave land for the endowment of a school at Kniveton. A church school was built in 1861. Today Kniveton CE Primary School serves the village and the surrounding rural community.
The church in Kniveton was originally a chapelry to St Oswald's church in Ashbourne. St Michael and All Angels' Church, Kniveton has Norman origins as evidenced in the plain semi-circular arch of the porch. It is sited on a small hill, built of coursed rubble gritstone with ashlar dressings in the Early English style and dates from the 13th century; it consists of chancel, nave, south porch and a low embattled western tower with a short spire. The tower has two 17th-century bells, one dated 1665. St Michael's Church is a Grade I listed building.
- Mills 1998, p. 210
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Media related to Kniveton at Wikimedia Commons