Kniveton

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Kniveton
417748 a19d4eb4-by-Mick-Garratt.jpg
Kniveton.
Kniveton is located in Derbyshire
Kniveton
Kniveton
Kniveton shown within Derbyshire
OS grid reference SK207501
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ASHBOURNE
Postcode district DE6
Police Derbyshire
Fire Derbyshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire
53°02′53″N 1°41′31″W / 53.048°N 1.692°W / 53.048; -1.692Coordinates: 53°02′53″N 1°41′31″W / 53.048°N 1.692°W / 53.048; -1.692

Kniveton is a village in Derbyshire, England. It is located in the Peak District, 3 miles (4.8 km) north east of Ashbourne, 6 south west from Wirksworth and 150 miles (240 km) from London. It is close to the reservoir at Carsington Water.

History[edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The name Kniveton derives from "Cengifu" and "tun", meaning the farmstead of a woman named Cengifu, an OE personal name.[1]

Early history[edit]

There are two scheduled barrows in Kniveton and Thomas Bateman excavated one in 1845. A later excavation revealed a rivetted bronze dagger with an ivory pommel, an urn or food vessel, a perforated stone axe and an amber ring.[2]

Kniveton is mentioned in the Domesday book where it is recorded as Cheniveton. The manor belonged to the Kniveton family. The manor was sold after 1660 to the Lowe family and afterwards to the Pegge family who sold it to the Meynells.[3]

During the 19th century the inhabitants worked in the cotton mills. Lime-burning and agriculture were other occupations.[4]

Governance[edit]

Historically Kniveton was a township, parish and village in the Western division of the county, part of the ancient Wirksworth hundred, and part of the Ashbourne Poor Law Union which came into existence in January 1845.[5][6] The coat of arms on display in the church's stained glass window is that of the Kniveton family.

Geography[edit]

Kniveton covers 1,974 acres (7.99 km2), the underlying rock is limestone and the soil is heavy, much of it pastureland.[5]

Radio navigation beacon[edit]

Kniveton also has a VOR/DME Beacon used for air traffic control to the north of the village centre.

Demography[edit]

Population change[edit]

Population growth in Kniveton from 1881–1961
Year 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1951 1961
Population 272 269 266 268 260 253 265 276

Kniveton Ch/CP/AP[7]

Education[edit]

In 1715 Mr. John Hurd gave land for the endowment of a school at Kniveton.[4] A church school was built in 1861.[5] Today Kniveton CE Primary School serves the village and the surrounding rural community.[8]

School Type Ofsted Website
Kniveton Primary School Primary school 112834 website

Religion[edit]

St. Michael's Church, Kniveton

The church in Kniveton was originally a chapelry to St Oswald's church in Ashbourne.[5] St Michael and All Angels' Church, Kniveton has Norman origins as evidenced in the plain semi-circular arch of the porch. It is sited on a small hill, built of coursed rubble gritstone with ashlar dressings in the Early English style and dates from the 13th century; it consists of chancel, nave, south porch and a low embattled western tower with a short spire. The tower has two 17th-century bells, one dated 1665.[5][9][10] St Michael's Church is a Grade I listed building.[11]

The former Kniveton Methodist Church dates from 1832. It is built of red brick on a stone plinth with a tiled tipped roof. It is a Grade II listed building.[12][13]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ Mills 1998, p. 210
  2. ^ Kniveton, megalithic.co.uk, retrieved 12 December 2009 
  3. ^ Lysons, Daniel & Samuel (1817), Magna Britannia Vol 5 Topographical and Historical Account of Derbyshire, British History Online, pp. 192_202, retrieved 12 December 2009 
  4. ^ a b Kniveton, genuki.org.uk/, retrieved 12 December 2009 
  5. ^ a b c d e Kniveton Kelly, andrewspages, retrieved 12 December 2009 
  6. ^ PėLU, workhouses.org.uk, retrieved 12 December 2009 
  7. ^ Kniveton Ch/CP/AP Population Change, visionofbritain.org.uk, retrieved 12 December 2009 
  8. ^ School, derbyshire.sch.uk, retrieved 12 December 2009 
  9. ^ Church, derbyshireuk.net, retrieved 12 December 2009 
  10. ^ Historic England, "St Michael (80128)", Images of England, retrieved 12 December 2009 
  11. ^ Listed buildings (PDF), derbyshiredales.gov.uk, retrieved 12 December 2009 [permanent dead link]
  12. ^ Historic England, "Former Chapel (80119)", Images of England, retrieved 12 December 2009 

Bibliography

External links[edit]

Media related to Kniveton at Wikimedia Commons