Knob Noster State Park

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Knob Noster State Park
Missouri State Park
Named for: Knob Noster, Missouri
Country United States
State Missouri
County Johnson
Elevation 732 ft (223 m) [1]
Coordinates 38°44′10″N 93°36′17″W / 38.73611°N 93.60472°W / 38.73611; -93.60472Coordinates: 38°44′10″N 93°36′17″W / 38.73611°N 93.60472°W / 38.73611; -93.60472 [1]
Area 3,934.38 acres (1,592 ha) [2]
Created 1930s
 - State ownership 1946 [3]
Management Missouri Department of Natural Resources
 - Visitor Center 873 SE 10th
Knob Noster, Mo.
 - coordinates 38°45′09″N 93°34′45″W / 38.75250°N 93.57917°W / 38.75250; -93.57917
Visitation 289,973 (2014) [4]
Location in Missouri
Website: Knob Noster State Park

Knob Noster State Park is a state-operated, public recreation area covering 3,934 acres (1,592 ha) in Johnson County, Missouri, in the United States. The state park bears the name of the nearby town of Knob Noster, which itself is named for one of two small hills or "knobs" that rise up in an otherwise flat section of Missouri. Noster is a Latin adjective meaning "our"—therefore, Knob Noster translates as "our hill." A local Indian belief stated that the hills were "raised up as monuments to slain warriors."[5] The park offers year-round camping, hiking, and fishing and is managed by the Missouri Department of Natural Resources.[6]

History[edit]

The park was called the Montserrat National Recreational Demonstration Area when it was created in the 1930s as part of a nationwide effort by the National Park Service to show how land that had been cleared for lumbering, mining or farming could be restored and reclaimed for public recreational purposes. The park was constructed by the Civilian Conservation Corps and the Works Progress Administration. The men of the CCC and WPA built roads, bridges, camping areas, picnic areas, and park service buildings. The park was transferred to the state of Missouri in 1946 and renamed for the city of Knob Noster.[5] In 1985, several demonstration area structures dating from the 1930s were added to the National Register of Historic Places[7] including two located on the park grounds: the Montserrat Recreation Demonstration Area Bridge[8] and the Montserrat Recreational Demonstration Area Warehouse No. 2 and Workshop.[9]

Ecology[edit]

The Knob Noster area was described in 1861 during the American Civil War by Confederate soldier, Ephraim McDowell Anderson, as an area of "beautiful prairies, dotted with clumps of trees." The park lies in the Osage Plains, a transition zone between prairie and forest. Tall wild grasses and wild flowers grow among scattered trees making habitat similar to a savanna. Since settlement, the savanna has been overgrown with trees as the land is transitioning to a forest. Efforts are underway to restore some parts of the park to its original condition through controlled burning.[5]

Clearfork Creek is a slow flowing meandering creek that passes through the park. It provides water for a corridor of trees along its banks. The trees growing along the banks and in other parts of the park include pawpaw, various species of hickory and oak, hackberry and redbud. The creek, prairie and woods provide a habitat for numerous birds and mammals including great blue herons, pileated woodpeckers, wild turkeys, white-tailed deer, fox, opossum, raccoons, screech owls and eastern bluebirds.[5]

A 4-acre (1.6 ha) section of the park has been specially designated as a protected natural area. Pin Oak Slough Natural Area is in a former oxbow slough of Clearfork Creek. The area is a wet-mesic forest and shrub swamp. Water pools during spring in depressions making vernal pools. Trees growing in the Pin Oak Natural Area include pin oak, swamp white oak and bur oak as well as silver maple.[10] The rare pale green orchid can also be found in the natural area.[5]

Geology[edit]

Knob Noster State Park and the Osage Plains are underlain by soft shales with sandstones and limestones of Mississippian to Pennsylvanian age. Some of the rocks prevalent in the Osage Plains are Mississippian limestone, limestone shale, Ordovician dolomite, and coal. There are also clay and shale within the Pennsylvanian bedrock.[11]

Recreation[edit]

Knob Knoster State Park is open for year-round recreation. Two lakes, Buteo and Clearfork, and Clearfork Creek are open to fishing. The most common game fish are channel catfish, crappie, bass and bluegill. Small boats and electric trolling motors are permitted on the lakes.[12] Several picnic areas are spread throughout the park on the shores of the various lakes. Three picnic pavilions are available.[13] Five different types of camping areas are available at Knob Noster State Park. There are basic campsites with a fire ring and pad, electric campsites are similar to the basic, only with electric hook-ups, equestrian campsites have facilities for horses and the special-use and group camping areas are provided.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Knob Noster State Park". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  2. ^ "Missouri State Park Advisory Board Annual Report 2008". Missouri Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved August 17, 2015. 
  3. ^ "State Park Land Acquisition Summary". Missouri State Parks. Retrieved August 17, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Missouri State Park Attendance (2014)" (PDF). Missouri State Parks. 2015. Retrieved August 17, 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c d e "General Information: Knob Noster". Missouri Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved August 17, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Knob Noster State Park". Missouri State Parks. Missouri Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved August 17, 2015. 
  7. ^ "ECW Architecture in Missouri State Parks 1933-1942 Thematic Resources" (PDF). National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form. Missouri Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved October 9, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Montserrat Recreation Demonstration Area Bridge". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved October 9, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Montserrat Recreational Demonstration Area Warehouse No. 2 and Workshop". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved October 9, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Pin Oak Slough". Missouri Department of Conservation. Retrieved August 17, 2015. 
  11. ^ Adamski, James C.; et al. (1995). Environmental and Hydrologic Setting of the Ozark Plateaus Study Unit, Arkansas, Kansas, Missouri, and Oklahoma: Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4022 (PDF). National Water-Quality Assessment Program. Little Rock, Ark.: U.S. Geological Survey. p. 14. Retrieved June 15, 2010. 
  12. ^ "Fishing at Knob Noster". Missouri Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved August 17, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Picnicking at Knob Noster". Missouri Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved August 17, 2015. 
  14. ^ "Camping at Knob Noster". Missouri Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved August 17, 2015. 

External links[edit]