Knox Grammar School
|Knox Grammar School|
2 Borambil Street
|Type||Independent, Day & Boarding|
|Motto||Latin: Virile Agitur|
(The Manly Thing Is Being Done)
|Founder||John Gilmore, William McIlrath, Robert Gillespie and Andrew Reid |
|Colour(s)||Black and Blue|
Knox Grammar School is an independent Uniting Church day and boarding school for boys, located in Wahroonga, New South Wales, an Upper North Shore suburb of Sydney, Australia. Founded in 1924 by the Presbyterian Church of Australia as an all-boys school, and named after John Knox. The school has since grown, branching out into a large Senior School and a Preparatory School, enrolling approximately 2900 students. The school also caters for approximately 160 boarding students from Years 7 to 12. During the term of Ian Paterson as Headmaster, the school doubled in size, raised education standards and increased participation in a wealth of activities.
Knox is affiliated with the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference, the Association of Heads of Independent Schools of Australia (AHISA), the Junior School Heads Association of Australia (JSHAA), the Australian Boarding Schools' Association (ABSA), and is a founding member of the Combined Associated Schools (CAS).
In January 2015 the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse announced it would conduct a public investigation into how Knox Grammar had responded to allegations of inappropriate conduct and sexual abuse by teachers towards students between 1970 and 2012. The Royal Commission found in September 2016 that the school's principal between 1969 and 1998 had covered up allegations of sexual abuse made against teachers.
- 1 History
- 2 Motto
- 3 Campus
- 4 House system
- 5 Co-curriculum
- 6 Notable alumni
- 7 Sex offences by teachers
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 Further reading
- 11 External links
Knox Grammar School was established on Sydney's North Shore in 1924, by the Presbyterian Church. The school was named after John Knox, the 16th century Scottish reformer, who planned a network of schools in every church parish.
Knox opened as a Presbyterian Boys' School after founding members John Gilmore, William McIlrath, Robert Gillespie and Andrew Reid purchased the original property, 'Earlston', as the first school building. Now the Gillespie Heritage House, 'Earlston' was previously owned by Sir Charles Mackellar, was designed by architects Spain & Cosh, and built in 1908 for W. Moses Esq., Warrawee.
The school was officially opened by the Hon. Sir George Fuller KCMG, Premier of New South Wales, on 5 February 1924. Under the founding headmaster Neil MacNeil, a Rhodes Scholar, Knox grew rapidly and survived the Great Depression. Student numbers rose from 28 in 1924 to over 300 in 1939.
In 1939, William Bryden FRSE (1904-1992) took over the role of headmaster. As World War II broke out, around 370 Old Knox Grammarians served in the armed forces. 53 of them lost their lives and are now commemorated in the John Williams Memorial Hall, the School Chapel, the Old Students' War Memorial, and the original Science Building. The school's Pipe Band was established during Bryden's period as headmaster. John Mill Couper, a Scot, became headmaster in 1953. Couper focused on broadening the School's education, with attention to music and art, however, problems culminated in Couper's departure from a divided Knox in 1955.
T. Ross McKenzie, former head of Brisbane Boys' College, replaced Couper. The school's fifth headmaster, Ian Paterson, initiated further developments including a substantial building program. During this period three teachers sexually abused students; these teachers were later convicted and it has been alleged that other teachers abused students. In 2015 Paterson told the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse that he had failed to protect students from abuse.
|1924 – 1938||Neil MacNeil|
|1939 – 1952||William Bryden CBE|
|1953 – 1955||John Mill Couper|
|1956 – 1968||T. Ross McKenzie OBE|
|1969 – 1998||Ian Paterson AM|
|1999 – 2003||Peter Crawley|
|2004 – 2018||John Weeks|
|2018 –||Scott James|
Knox's school motto is a Latin phrase, Virile Agitur, which has been translated variously as being "Do the Manly Thing" (The translation most common in the Preparatory School), "The manly thing is being done".
Knox's senior campus includes the Great Hall and Aquatic Centre (opened August 2011), sports facility, gymnasium, squash and weights rooms, music and drama centres, two boarding houses (one opened November 2010). Knox owns several major sporting fields including one on campus at the Senior School, two on campus at the Prep School, and two off campus in Warrawee and neighbouring North Turramurra.
Each classroom is equipped with a digital projector and each student has a laptop with wireless internet access. In addition to its extensive academic and sporting programs, the school offers many extra curricular activities including music with several large ensembles and orchestras, drama, debating, public speaking, chess, a science club, and Duke of Edinburgh's Award scheme, as well as maintaining the largest secondary school cadet unit in Australia. Since 2006 the school has been actively involved in the Future Problem Solving Program.
Knox has in recent years completed new buildings at both the Senior and Prep Schools. The Senior School's KG1 Building, opened in 2007, has several high-tech classrooms, access to the Lawson Centre (sport facility), locker space for approximately 230 students, and a canteen. The KG1 Project also updated the Lawson Centre with a new flooring for the basketball court, new change rooms and a foyer, where Knox's many trophies and memorabilia are displayed. The Prep School's K-2 Centre, opened in 2004, provided new classroom, library, art and music facilities for Years K-2 students.
The new Boarding Centre was finished in November 2010. The Great Hall and Aquatic Centre project, designed by JSA Studio Architects (formerly Jones Sonter), was finished August 2011. Situated alongside the Lawson Centre, and adjacent to the new Boarding Precinct, the Great Hall has transformed the Woodville Avenue entrance to the school, effectively creating a "grand boulevard" into the Senior School campus.
The Great Hall/Aquatic Centre building has been creatively designed again by JSA Studio Architects, winning several awards in 2012 . Different, multi-functional levels provide an Assembly Hall that seats up to 2200 people, three Olympic size indoor basketball courts, a performance centre for major productions, as well as an indoor 50 metre swimming pool and enhanced weights room/gymnasium.
Construction for the new Knox Senior Student Academy began in 2014, with construction continuing to August 2015 and the Academy being officially opened in October 2015. The building houses the lockers of Year 11 and Year 12 students, as well as featuring an appropriately named Boater Cafe, classrooms for Science as well as Finance and Legal classrooms, a Senior Library and a Lecture theatre.
Knox Grammar School provides boarding facilities for approximately 160 boarders. Boarding facilities have been available since the School's opening, in 1924
- Gillespie (Maroon) – the original school house and is named for Robert Gillespie, a founder and benefactor of the School, and chairman of the School Council (1923–1945). It was later converted into a Boarding House, now known as "Gillespie Heritage House".
- Boarding Centre – opened in November 2010, the Boarding Centre accommodates Boarders in 21st Century style.
- MacNeil (Black) – originally MacNeil House was an expansion to Gillespie House, completed to add room to the new school. It is named for Neil MacNeil, the first headmaster of the School (1924–1938).
- Adamson (Dark green) – John Adamson – a long-serving chairman of the School Council.
- Angus (Brown) – Rev Samuel Angus – a Professor of Theology at Sydney University and former member of the School Council.
- Bryden (Grey) – Dr William Bryden – the second headmaster of the School (1939–1953). Also known as the cultural house. House mascot is the 'Bryden Squid'.
- McIlrath (Dark blue) – William McIlrath – a founder and benefactor of the School and a long-serving council member (1923–1955). His widow contributed 50,000 pounds for the construction of the School chapel in 1960, which contains a Baroque organ by Ronald Sharp.
- McKenzie (Orange). Dr Ross McKenzie – fourth headmaster of the School (1956–1969).
- Montgomery (Lime green) – Ross Montgomery – a council member (1953–1970) and benefactor of the School. His major gifts included the Montgomery Building and Gilmore House.
- Murdoch (Red) – AM Murdoch – a long-serving School Council member (from 1938) and chairman (1855–1969)
- Reid (Yellow) – Andrew Reid – a founder and benefactor of the School. A business leader, sole proprietor of James Hardie in 1912, he made many financial contributions to the School; he also built the Margaret Reid Home for Crippled Children in St. Ives, in memory of his late wife.
- Sinclair (Purple) – George Sinclair – a school council member (from 1944) and chairman (1952–1955).
- Turnbull (Light Blue) – Alex Turnbull – a founding member of the School Council, serving 1923 to 1947, and an elder at St Margaret's Church in nearby Turramurra.
Army Cadet Unit (KGSACU)
The Knox Grammar School Army Cadet Unit (KGSACU) comprises 1100 members, ranging from recruits (RECs) to Cadet Under Officers (CUOs). The KGSACU is an ACU within the NSW AAC SPEC COND BDE. Participation is compulsory from the start of Term 4 Year 8, through to the end of Term 3 Year 9 for attendees of Knox Grammar School, and offers voluntary participation for attendees at the Ravenswood School for Girls from Term 4 Year 8. After the completion of basic recruit training in their first year, cadets may decide to either discharge from the Unit, or attend a Promotion Course to attempt to attain a higher rank and/or continue into a Senior or Recruit company.
The Unit participates in combined Annual Field Exercise (AFX) at the end of Term 1, and holds its own Junior, Senior, and CUOs Promotions Courses during August each year. Additionally, the KGSACU holds ceremonial parades for the Old Knox Grammarians Association (OKGA), an ANZAC Day Parade to commemorate ANZAC Day (though held several weeks after the day itself), and a Passing-Out Parade at the end of the cadet year to farewell the Year 12 members at the conclusion of their service to the Unit. The Unit's Commanding Officer is Mr Phil Henniker.
Knox is a member of the Combined Associated Schools (CAS), and plays competitive sport against the five other member Schools namely, Barker College, Cranbrook School, St. Aloysius College, Trinity Grammar School and Waverley College. Trial and pre-season fixtures are played against the GPS and ISA Schools. Students may represent Knox in a variety of inter-school sporting fixtures played each Saturday throughout the term.
The Intra-School sporting programs includes House carnivals, Standards and Inter-School competitions open to all boys.
Participating in sport at Knox is compulsory in both the winter and summer sporting seasons.
Knox plays 5 weeks of sport against GPS schools, and then 5 weeks of sport against CAS schools
Knox is heavily involved in such co-curricular activities such as the Gallery Choir which has a reputation for a high class vocal range consisting of SATB arrangements, and the Knox Symphony Orchestra (KSO), which plays a high standard of repertoire. Knox also accommodates for one of the most prestigious school pipe bands that has a rich source of history and talented young men.
Knox Grammar School Pipes and Drums
The Knox Pipes and Drums have toured globally. Most notably, the band toured the United Kingdom in 2016, visiting Scotland, Ireland, England and North Ireland. The band also competed in the 2016 European Pipe Band Championships at Forres as well as the 2016 All Ireland Pipe Band Championships in Malahide.
In Australia, the band has achieved great success. Accolades include State Champions, National Champions, and Best Drum Corps. Since 2014, the band has dominated state and national competition, ultimately leading to the band being crowned at Grade 4 2018 National Champions. The last national title achieved was Grade 3 Champions in 1961.
Recent success began when the school fronted a competitive outfit for the first time in years. The band won the Juvenile Grade of the Scots Bathurst Pipe Band Competition on 23 March 2014. Coming 3rd in Grade 4 behind the Hawkesbury Nepean and Sydney Thistle bands. Later that year, the band competed in the 2014 Illawarra Scottish Fair. The band placed 2nd in Juvenile Grade being Scots College No. 1 band. In grade 4 however, the band placed first. This was the beginning of a competitive rivalry between Knox Pipes and Drums and The Scots College band that is still alight today. The 2014 NSW State Championships were held 2 November that year. The band placed 2nd in Juvenile Grade, 2 points shy of the Juvenile Champions Scots College No.1 band. The band was then crowned Grade 4 State champions after winning by a margin of 7 points.
The success continued into 2015 with Knox Grammar School hosting its own competition due to minimal competitive running that year due to World Championships in UK. The band topped both Juvenile and Grade 4, beating The Scots College No.1 band for the first time since returning to the competitive scene.
During 2016, Scots College No.1 band was relegated to Grade 4, allowing for straight competition between the KGS Pipes and Drums and Scots No.1, where previously they had competed in different grades, they would now be directly competing against each other. Both bands travelled overseas to compete in the European Pipe Band Championships and the All Ireland Pipe Band Championships.
The KGS pipes and drums defended their Championship by winning Grade 4 again. The band also placed second to Scots College No.1 Band in the Juvenile Grade. Later that year at the Annual Scots Bathurst Highland Gathering, the band won both Grade 4 and Juvenile, beating Scots College No.1 on both occasions. The final competition of the year was the 2016 National Australian Pipe Band Championships hosted at Knox Grammar School over the weekend of the 1st and 2nd October. In the nationals, the Drum corps of KGS were crowned National Champs.
In 2017, Knox Grammar again hosted its own competition, in which its band placed second in Grade 4 and Juvenile, losing to Scots College No.1. The band then travelled to New Zealand to compete in the 2017 NZ and South Pacific Pipe Band Championships in Nelson. The KGS drum corp was awarded second place.
2018 was the year of redemption for KGS Pipes and Drums after having been beaten by Scots College the previous year. The band competed in the 2018 Australian Pipe Band Championships at Brisbane Boys College, Brisbane. The KGS Pipes and Drums took first place in Grade 4 for both the overall band and the Drum crops, hence the band was crowned Grade 4 National Champions, a feat not achieved for almost 60 years. In the Juvenile grade, the Drum corps placed 3rd behind other bands that competed in higher grades.
This recent run of success in mostly in part to the improvement for the KGS Drum Corps, as tutored by Keith Tombs who began in 2012 and lead Drum Corps to a stellar near perfect competitive record since 2014, ultimately resulting in not one but two National Drumming Championships in 2016 and 2018.
Sex offences by teachers
The school attracted widespread media coverage in 2009, when criminal charges were laid against five former teachers for alleged sex offences between 1976 and 1990. All five teachers were subsequently convicted.
Royal Commission hearings
As of February 2015[update] the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse is conducting public hearings (commenced on 23 February 2015) concerning the response of Knox Grammar, and the Uniting Church, to complaints and criminal proceedings involving teachers who sexually abused students. The Commission will examine the "systems, policies and procedures" involving the school's response to the complaints since 1970 and the experiences of former students sexually abused by teaching staff. The royal commission is expected to conclude in December 2017.
During hearings in early March 2015, several former Knox students and staff alleged that headmaster Ian Paterson did not refer several allegations of sex abuse he received to the police, despite there being a requirement for such allegations to be reported from 1988. The commission heard that in fact Paterson had never reported any student's allegation of sexual abuse to police during his thirty years in charge of the school. Paterson also stated that he had allowed several teachers accused of sexual abuse to resign and subsequently gave them positive references. Paterson denied that he had covered up the sexual abuse of students, arguing that he had responded to the allegations brought to his attention, and stated that “I should have known and I should have stopped the events that led to the abuse and its tragic consequences for these boys in my care and their families”. Paterson stated that he was not aware that it was a crime for a teacher to grope or sexually proposition a student. Following the section of the hearing concerning Paterson, the current headmaster Harry Martyn stated that the school had changed considerably since the end of Paterson's period in the role and that Knox's Paterson Centre for Ethics and Business Studies would be renamed. He also stated that the school was actively reaching out and providing support to those who were affected.
Weeks also gave evidence to the Royal Commission. During this hearing he was questioned over why he had not sacked the teacher who was arrested in 2009 despite having received allegations in 2007 that the teacher had behaved improperly with a student during the 1980s. Weeks told the media that the allegations had not been detailed or specific, and he had received advice that "it would have been difficult on industrial grounds" to have dismissed the teacher. Weeks also stated that he had reported the teacher to the police child protection unit.
The Royal Commission issued its findings on Knox Grammar in September 2016. The Sydney Morning Herald stated that its conclusions were that "Paterson deliberately covered up allegations about child sexual abuse because he placed the reputation of the school ahead of student welfare". The Royal Commission also found that while principal Paterson had a "dismissive" attitude towards complaints of sexual abuse, "deliberately withheld information" from a police officer investigating allegations made against Knox Grammar staff, and did not notify the school's council or affected parents of complaints. In addition, it judged that a statement made as part of his evidence to the Royal Commission that he had only been aware of a single allegation of misconduct while principal was "clearly incorrect", as he had been aware of five allegations.
- List of non-government schools in New South Wales
- List of boarding schools
- Lawrence Campbell Oratory Competition
- Knox Old Boys RUFC
- St John's Uniting Church, Wahroonga
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The public hearing will inquire into the response of Knox Grammar School ... and the Uniting Church in Australia between 1970 and 2012 to concerns raised about inappropriate conduct by a number of teachers towards students at Knox Grammar School.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Knox Grammar School.|
- Mansfield, B. (1974). Knox, 1924–1974. Sydney: John Sands.