Knut Ångström

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Knut Johan Ångström
Knut Johan Ångström.jpg
Born12 January 1857
Died4 March 1910 (1910-03-05) (aged 53)
AwardsBjörkénska priset (1905)
Scientific career
InstitutionsUppsala University
InfluencedAugust Kundt

Knut Johan Ångström (12 January 1857 – 4 March 1910) was a Swedish physicist. He was the son of physicist Anders Jonas Ångström and studied in Uppsala from 1877 to 1884, when he received his licentiat-degree, before going for a short time to the University of Strassburg (Strasbourg) to study with August Kundt. Coming back to Uppsala, he completed his doctoral degree and was appointed lecturer in physics at the new university college in Stockholm (now Stockholm University) in 1885. After a few years working there, he returned to Uppsala in 1891 and received the professorship of Physics in 1896.[1]

He focused his research work on investigating the radiation of heat from the sun, terrestrial nocturnal emission and its absorption by the Earth's atmosphere, and to that end devised various delicate[clarification needed] methods and instruments, including his electric compensation pyrheliometer, invented in 1893, apparatus for obtaining a photographic representation of the infra-red spectrum (1895)[2] and pyrgeometer[3] (abt. 1905).

He was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1893.


  1. ^ Chisholm 1911.
  2. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Angström, Anders Jonas s.v. Knut Johan Ångström". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 42.
  3. ^ Interview With Dr Anders K. Ångström (Knut's son), WMO Bulletin 1982 "an excellent opportunity for me to use my father's radiation instruments, the pyrheliometer and the instrument for measuring outgoing nocturnal radiation to which I had already given the name pyrgeometer"

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