Ananda Temple Buddha
|Japanese||拘那含牟尼; くなごんむに; Kunagonmuni|
|Thai||พระโกนาคมนพุทธเจ้า (Phra Konakhamana Phutthachao)|
|Vietnamese||Phật Câu Na Hàm Mâu Ni|
|Venerated by||Theravada, Mahayana, Vajrayana|
|Preceded by||Kakusandha Buddha|
|Succeeded by||Kassapa Buddha|
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Koṇāgamana Buddha (Pāli), known as Kanakamuni in Sanskrit, also known as Koṇāgon or Kanakagamana, is one of the ancient Buddhas whose biography is chronicled in chapter 23 of the Buddhavamsa, one of the books of the Pāli Canon.
According to Theravāda Buddhist tradition, Koṇāgamana is the twenty-sixth of the twenty-nine named Buddhas, the fifth of the Seven Buddhas of Antiquity, and the second of the five Buddhas of the present kalpa.
- Kakusandha (the first Buddha of the bhadrakalpa)
- Koṇāgamana (the second Buddha of the bhadrakalpa)
- Kassapa (the third Buddha of the bhadrakalpa)
- Gautama (the fourth and present Buddha of the bhadrakalpa)
- Maitreya (the fifth and future Buddha of the bhadrakalpa)
Koṇāgamana was born in Subhagavati Park in Sobhavati (now known as Araurakot, located about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) southwest of Nigalihawa) on Wednesday; because of this Koṇāgamana is placed on the Wednesday pedestal.
According to Xuanzang, Koṇāgamana's relics were held in a stupa in Nigalisagar, in what is now Kapilvastu District in southern Nepal. There is an Ashoka pillar at the site today. Ashoka's inscription in Brahmi is on the fragment of the pillar still partly buried in the ground.
- Vicittasarabivamsa, U (1992). "Chapter 23: Koṇāgamana Buddhavamsa". In Ko Lay, U; Tin Lwin, U. The great chronicle of Buddhas, Volume One, Part Two (1st ed.). Yangon, Myanmar: Ti=Ni Publishing Center. pp. 280–5.
- Gärtner, Uta; Jens Lorenz (1994). Tradition and modernity in Myanmar. LIT Verlag. p. 281. ISBN 978-3-8258-2186-9.
- Buswell Jr., RE; Lopez Jr., DS (2014). The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism (1st ed.). Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. p. 106. ISBN 978-0-691-15786-3.
- "Chapter 36: The Buddhas in the three periods of time". Buddhism in a Nutshell Archives. Hong Kong: Buddhistdoor International. Retrieved 2014-12-21.
- Reid, Robert; Michael Grosberg (2005). Myanmar (Burma). Lonely Planet. p. 93. ISBN 978-1-74059-695-4.
- John S. Strong (2007). Relics of the Buddha. p. 130.
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