Koalib language

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Native to Sudan
Region Nuba Hills
Ethnicity Koalib, Turum, Umm Heitan
Native speakers
(44,000 cited 1984)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 kib
Glottolog koal1240[2]

Koalib (also called Kwalib, Abri, Lgalige, Nirere, and Rere) is a Niger–Congo language in the Heiban family spoken in the Sudan.[3] The Koalib Nuba, Turum, and Umm Heitan ethnic groups speak this language.

Capital and small at letters in Doulos SIL typeface

It is written using the Latin script,[3] but includes some unusual letters. It shares a tailed R (Ɽ) with other Sudanese languages, and uses a letter resembling the at sign (@) in writing Arabic loanwords. The Unicode Standard includes R WITH TAIL at code points U+027D (lowercase) and U+2C64 (uppercase), but the Unicode Consortium declined to encode the at sign separately as an orthographic letter.[4] However, SIL International maintains a registry of Private Use Area code points in which U+F247 represents LATIN SMALL LETTER AT, and U+F248 LATIN CAPITAL LETTER AT.[5]


  1. ^ Koalib at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Koalib". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ a b Ethnologue report for language code: kib, retrieved on Apr. 12, 2010.
  4. ^ Constable, Peter, and Lorna A. Priest (Oct. 12, 2009) SIL Corporate PUA Assignments 5.2a. SIL International. pp. 59-60. Retrieved on Apr. 12, 2010.
  5. ^ Charis SIL font documentation, retrieved on Apr. 12, 2010.

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