Kobe Municipal Subway

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Kobe Municipal Subway
Kobe Municipal Subway Logo
Kobe Municipal Subway Logo
Kobe Municipal Subway Type 5000 Trainset 2008-02.JPG
Kobe Municipal Subway 5000 trainset on the Kaigan Line
Overview
Native name 神戸市営地下鉄
Kōbe-shiei chikatetsu
Locale Kobe, Hyogo, Japan
Transit type Rapid transit
Number of lines 2
Number of stations 28
Operation
Began operation March 13, 1977 (1977-03-13) (Seishin-Yamate Line)
July 7, 2001 (2001-07-07) (Kaigan Line)
Operator(s) Kobe Municipal Transportation Bureau
Technical
System length 38.1 km (23.67 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Top speed 90 km/h (56 mph) (Seishin-Yamate Line)
70 km/h (43 mph) (Kaigan Line)
Kobe Municipal Subway 3000 trainset (Seishin-Yamate Line)

Kobe Municipal Subway (神戸市営地下鉄 Kōbe-shiei chikatetsu?) is a subway system in Kobe, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan. Like other large Japanese cities, Kobe's subway system is heavily complemented by suburban rail. In addition, two people mover lines also serve the Kobe area: the Port Island Line and the Rokko Island Line.

History[edit]

Construction of the first line of the subway system, the Seishin Line, began on November 25, 1971. The line opened on March 13, 1977, running for 5.7 km (3.5 mi) between Myōdani and Shin-Nagata stations. A second line, the Yamate Line, opened on June 17, 1983, running for 4.3 km (2.7 mi) between Shin-Nagata and Ōkurayama stations. On June 18, 1985, the Yamate Line was extended to Shin-Kobe and the Seishin Line was extended to Gakuen-toshi. When the final stage of the Seishin Line, an extension to Seishin-Chuo, opened on March 18, 1987, the Seishin Line and the Yamate Line were merged into the Seishin-Yamate Line.

The Hokushin Kyūkō Electric Railway opened the 7.5 km (4.7 mi) Hokushin Line extension between Shin-Kobe and Tanigami on April 2, 1988; services on the Hokushin Line have through service onto the Seishin-Yamate Line.

On January 17, 1995, the Seishin-Yamate Line was damaged in the Great Hanshin earthquake. The day after the earthquake, limited services resumed between Seishin-Chuo and Itayado; full service was restored to the entire line in March 1995 after repairs were completed.

On July 7, 2001, the 7.9 km (4.9 mi) long Kaigan Line opened between Sannomiya-hanadokeimae and Shin-Nagata.

Lines[edit]

Color & Icon Mark Name First section
opened
Last ex-
tension
Length
km/miles
Stations
green Subway KobeSeishin.svg S Via trackage rights Hokushin Kyuko Hokushin Line 1988 - 7.5/4.7 2[1]
- Yamate Line (Seishin-Yamate Line) 1983 1985 7.6/4.7 8[2]
Seishin Line (Seishin-Yamate Line) 1977 - 5.7/3.5 4[3]
Seishin-enshin Line (Seishin-Yamate Line) 1985 1987 9.4/5.8 6[4]
blue Subway KobeKaigan.svg K - Kaigan Line (Yumekamome) 2001 - 7.9/4.9 10

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Kobe Municipal Subway at Wikimedia Commons