Koca Ragıp Pasha

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Mehmet Ragıp
Issue of Koca Ragıp Paşa, wãli (governor) of Egypt, 1744-1748. Misr (Cairo) mint. Dies dated AH 1143 (AD 1730).jpg
Coin ussed by Koca Ragıp Pasha as governor of Egypt. Minted in Cairo, dated 1730. Arabic inscriptions on both sides. Obv: "Sultan of the two lands and Khaqan of the two seas, the Sultan, Raghib, son of the Sultan". Rev: "Struck Misr [Cairo] in 1143 may his victory be glorious"
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
In office
12 January 1757 – 8 April 1763
MonarchOsman III
Mustafa III
Preceded byKöse Bahir Mustafa Pasha
Succeeded byTevkii Hamza Hamid Pasha
Ottoman Governor of Egypt
In office
1744–1748
Preceded byYedekçi Mehmet Pasha
Succeeded byYeğen Ali Pasha
Personal details
Born1698
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Died8 April 1763(1763-04-08) (aged 64–65)
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
NationalityFlag of the Ottoman Empire.svg Turkish
Spouse(s)Saliha Sultan
ProfessionCivil servant

Koca Mehmet Ragıp Pasha (1698–1763) was an Ottoman statesman who served as a civil servant before 1744 as the provincial governor of Egypt from 1744 to 1748 and Grand Vizier from 1757 to 1763. He was also known as a poet. His epithet Koca means "great" or "giant" in Turkish.

Early years[edit]

His father was Şevki Mustafa, a bureaucrat in the Ottoman Empire. After completing his education, Mehmet Ragıp worked in various parts of the empire as a civil servant. He served as the chief treasurer in Baghdad (then a part of the Ottoman Empire). He was a member of Ottoman representatives in the Treaty of Belgrade in 1739. He was promoted to the post of reis ül-küttab (equivalent to a modern foreign minister) in 1740. He was the governor of Ottoman Egypt from 1744 to 1748,[1][2][3] when he was forced to step down by local troops.[4]

As Grand Vizier[edit]

Ragıp Paşa Library, Istanbul

He was appointed as Grand Vizier on 12 January 1757 by the sultan Osman III. When Osman III died ten months later, Mehmet Ragıp Pasha continued under the new sultan Mustafa III with whom he had very good relations. He married Saliha, the sultan's sister, and gained the title damat (English: bridegroom).

Ragıp's term was during an Ottoman decline. He nevertheless enacted reforms to Ottoman administration and treasury. For the first time Ottoman revenues exceed expenditures.[5] He was an adherent of peace policy. His term in the office almost coincides with the Seven Years' War in Europe (1756-1763). Despite the danger of war, he was able to keep the Ottoman Empire out of conflict.[6] Upon his death, Mustafa III wrote an elegy (Turkish: ağıt) expressing his sorrow for his good friend.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 'Abd al-Rahman Jabarti; Thomas Philipp; Moshe Perlmann (1994). Abd Al-Rahmann Al-Jabarti's History of Egypt. Vol. 1. Franz Steiner Verlag Stuttgart. p. 248.
  2. ^ Mehmet Süreyya (1996) [1890], Nuri Akbayar; Seyit A. Kahraman (eds.), Sicill-i Osmanî (in Turkish), Beşiktaş, Istanbul: Türkiye Kültür Bakanlığı and Türkiye Ekonomik ve Toplumsal Tarih Vakfı, ISBN 9789753330411
  3. ^ Yılmaz Öztuna (1994). Büyük Osmanlı Tarihi: Osmanlı Devleti'nin siyasî, medenî, kültür, teşkilât ve san'at tarihi (in Turkish). Vol. 10. Ötüken Neşriyat A.S. pp. 412–416. ISBN 975-437-141-5.
  4. ^ 'Abd al-Rahman Jabarti; Thomas Philipp; Moshe Perlmann (1994). Abd Al-Rahmann Al-Jabarti's History of Egypt. Vol. 1. Franz Steiner Verlag Stuttgart. pp. 250–251.
  5. ^ Bio page (in Turkish)
  6. ^ Gabor Aboston-Bruce Masters: Ottoman Encyclopaedia, Facts on File Inc, ISBN 978-0-8160-6259-1, p411
  7. ^ Prof. Yaşar Yüce-Prof. Ali Sevim: Türkiye tarihi Cilt III, AKDTYKTTK Yayınları, İstanbul, 1991 p 35
Political offices
Preceded by Ottoman Governor of Egypt
1744–1748
Succeeded by
Preceded by Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
12 January 1757 – 8 April 1763
Succeeded by