Kocher manoeuvre

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Kocher manoeuvre is a surgical manoeuvre to expose structures in the retroperitoneum behind the duodenum and pancreas; for example to control hemorrhage from the inferior vena cava or aorta, or to facilitate removal of a pancreatic tumour. It is named for the Nobel prize-winning surgeon Dr. Emil Theodor Kocher.

The peritoneum is incised at the right edge of the duodenum, and the duodenum and the head of pancreas are reflected to the opposite direction, i.e. to the left.

This is also the name of a manoeuvre used to reduce anterior shoulder dislocations by externally rotating the shoulder, before adducting and internally rotating it.

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