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Elephant Kraal at Kodanad
Elephant Kraal at Kodanad
Kodanad is located in Kerala
Location in Kerala, India
Coordinates: 10°10′0″N 76°31′0″E / 10.16667°N 76.51667°E / 10.16667; 76.51667Coordinates: 10°10′0″N 76°31′0″E / 10.16667°N 76.51667°E / 10.16667; 76.51667
Country  India
State Kerala
District Ernakulam
Population (2011)
 • Total 14,244
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 683544
Telephone code 0484
Vehicle registration KL-40
2011 census code 627941
Nearest city Cochin

Kodanad is a rural riverside village of Ernakulam district, Kerala, southern India. Kodanad is situated on the south bank of Periyar river, about 42 kilometers east of Kochi. The nearest air port is Cochin International Airport which is about 20 km (12 mi) by road. The village is a major tourist destination because it houses an Elephant training center.[1]


Kodanad has got a Private bus services to places inside and outside Ernakulam District and run into several neighbouring towns.There is frequent bus services to Perumbavoor from here. AutoRickshaws are commonly used for small distances. The nearest railway stations are Angamaly and Aluva. The Cochin International Airport at Nedumbassery is only 16 km from the kodanad Elephant training centre.KL-40 is the RTO code for Kunnathunad Taluk and Perumbavoor. Perumbavoor JRTO is situated at Pattal.

Kodanad is surrounded by many small but populous commuter villages, The notable ones are Koovappady, Thottuva, Alattuchira, Panamkuzhy, Cheranalloor,Kurichilakode, kaprikad etc. Vallam town, is one of the main interchange points for public transport.


In the 1950–60s, Kodanad used to be the largest of several elephant training centres for captured Elephants from the adjoining forest regions. They were trained using Mahouts, specially skilled people also known as 'Paappaan' in Malayalam language. In the 1970s, there was a ban to elephant capture by Government of India and from then on, Kodanad is primarily used as a rescue training centre.


According to the 2011 census of India, Kodanad has 3502 households. The literacy rate of the village is 84.63%.[2]

Demographics (2011 Census)[2]
Total Male Female
Population 14244 7036 7208
Children aged below 6 years 1284 655 629
Scheduled caste 2066 1005 1061
Scheduled tribe 106 53 53
Literates 12054 6090 5964
Workers (all) 5842 4052 1790
Main workers (total) 4297 3251 1046
Main workers: Cultivators 397 352 45
Main workers: Agricultural labourers 618 403 215
Main workers: Household industry workers 92 72 20
Main workers: Other 3190 2424 766
Marginal workers (total) 1545 801 744
Marginal workers: Cultivators 116 78 38
Marginal workers: Agricultural labourers 484 232 252
Marginal workers: Household industry workers 114 42 72
Marginal workers: Others 831 449 382
Non-workers 8402 2984 5418

Kaprikkad Ecotourism project[edit]

Kodanad is in the list of Ecotourism destination projects sponsored by the Government of India. As a part of this project, Kaprikkad, a village lying 3 km adjacent to Kodanad on the river bank has been set up in 2006 for entertaining visitors in the most natural and environmental friendly way.

Abhayaranyam Mini Zoo, Kaprikkad[edit]

Most of the animals from Kodanad elephant centre except the elephants are recently rehabilitated to Kaprikkad, as the part of Ecotourism project named as Abhayaranyam, which is spread across 200 acres of natural forest.The project was inaugurated on 18 February 2011 by the Minister of Forestry and Housing, Shri. Binoy Vishwom. You can find Spotted deers, Sambar deers and young elephants here.[3]

Places of worship[edit]

  • kodanad shiva temple,
  • chettinada saraswathi temple,
  • kunnumpuram ayyappa temple,
  • edavanakavu temple,
  • pancheswara Vishnu temple.

Nearby places[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Kurian, Shiba (2015). "Kodanad: The land of elephants". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 26 May 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Ernakulam district census data". 2011 Census of India. Directorate of Census Operations. Retrieved 2015-08-17. 
  3. ^ http://www.abhayaranyam.com