Kodinar

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Kodinar
city
Kodinar is located in Gujarat
Kodinar
Kodinar
Location in Gujarat, India
Coordinates: 20°52′N 70°48′E / 20.86°N 70.80°E / 20.86; 70.80Coordinates: 20°52′N 70°48′E / 20.86°N 70.80°E / 20.86; 70.80
Country  India
State Gujarat
District Gir Somnath district
Population (2011)
 • Total 41,492
Languages
 • Official Gujarati, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Kodinar is a city and municipality in Gir Somnath district, in the Indian state of Gujarat, 37 kilometres (23 mi) west of Una. Kodinar is close to the Gir Forest National Park. The main transport connections for Kodinar city are Diu Airport, Veraval Railway Station, and Veraval Port.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[1] Kodinar—a Taluka in the Gir Somnath district—contains 64 villages. Kodinar has a population of around 21,111 male and 20,381 female. Female Sex Ratio is of 965 against state average of 919. Moreover Child Sex Ratio in Kodinar is around 908 compared to Gujarat state average of 890. Kodinar has an average literacy rate of 80.11 %. Male literacy is around 86.57 % while female literacy rate is 73.47 %. 11.89% of the population is under six years old. There are many castes including Karadiya Rajput, Koli, Brahmins, and Lunvanas.

Kodinar Municipality has total administration over 7,658 houses to which it supplies basic amenities like water and sewerage. It is also authorized to build roads within Municipality limits and impose taxes on properties coming under its jurisdiction.

Tourism[edit]

Mul Dwarka[edit]

Ancient city of Mul Dwarka

Mul Dwarka (Kodinar), a small coastal village near Kodinar in the district of Junagadh, Gujarat State is one of the three claimants of the original Dwarka of Mahabharata. The proximity with hills on the north and sea on the south the town has been associated with all three Dwarkas (Sankalia, 1966). Lord Sri Krishna and Lord Balarama are supposed to have stayed here for sometime before moving to Dwarka.

The remains of ancient port of Mul Dwarka have been much destroyed due to the construction of cement jetty. A tidal river, blocked by a sand-bar that may be caused by a cement jetty, flows on the western side of Mul Dwarka village.

Archaeological findings from Mul Dwarka suggest that this area was an ancient settlement. Discovery of a composite stone anchor and report on some grapnel type anchors from Mul Dwarka support the view that this was an active port in medieval period and earlier. The artifacts found in and around this place date back to the 10th century AD and older as far back to the ages of Harappan and late Harappan settlements. [2]

An ancient temple of Lord Shree Krishna is situated on a raised land close to the sea. This small temple is in a dilapidated condition. The shrine is dated to the post 10th century AD (Sampura, 1968). And the Gujarat Government is planning a massive renovation of this temple complex. Kusheshwara Mahadev temple or Siddheshwar Mahadev temple, Bheedbhanjan Mahadev temple and Khodiyar Mataji temple are located nearby.

A circular structure of about 4 m in height, dating back to 12th–15th century AD, constructed with similar type of dressed limestone blocks as of the temple in situated close to ancient temple. Locally this structure is called as Diva Dandi (lighthouse). If indeed this structure had served as lighthouse then this may be the oldest remains of lighthouse on the Saurashtra coast. Local fishermen recall that a few other such Indo-Arabic type anchors were present around, but for now they remain either buried under new port or other buildings.

A medieval age well is still used for drinking water source near the jetty.


≈≈≈≈≈≈ 'Arnej'≈≈≈≈≈

    Arnej is very historycal village in kodinar taluka, arnej is 10 km north of kodinar
   

Kaj[edit]

Kaj is 10 km east of Kodinar, on the Dwarka highway. Kaj has evidence of late Harappan settlements. An ancient mound is just 2–3 km east of the present village. It is hosts Siberian birds that visit annually, providing a fresh water sanctuary. Archaeological explorations found many ceramic artifacts, including bowls from the Harappan period.

Archaeological teamsery similar to those from ancient Dwarka and Somnath. All this indicates the existence of a Harappan civilization near the bank of the creek.

Among the large number of Harappan pottery fragments, two large amphorae fragments suggest that Kaj might have been an ancient port on the mid Saurashtra-Kathiyawad coast, trading with boats from other countries—particularly between Bet Dwarka (Gaur et al. 2005b and 2006) and Hathab (Pramanik, 2004). Topographical features indicate that in the past the ancient site of Kaj might have been approached through the sea route.[3]

Kanjetar[edit]

Kanjetar is another coastal village that began as a historical settlement. Two mounds are near this village: one on the east side of the village, with a temple dedicated to Mahakali; and another about 2 km west of the village.

Both entire mounds are under cultivation. A large quantity of Bronze Age pottery has been collected, which confirms a settlement in that period. Local residents say that digging house foundations has revealed many pottery fragments and structures. Archaeologists consider Kanjetar to be a Harappan port on the mid-Saurashtra.[citation needed] Exploration of the site found an ancient rock-cut step well near this settlement that may be contemporary to the site.

Surface exploration found a terracotta wheel with a projection for a hub, probably from a toy cart. Other discoveries include an Indo-Arabian type limestone anchor under 4 m of water. It is broken, leaving only an upper portion with a circular hole. It is similar to those from other sites on the Saurashtra coast.[4]

Other places of interest[edit]

  • Jamjir Waterfall is a great waterfall near Jamvala in Gir Forest and 20 km from Kodinar City. Bapeshwar Shiva Temple here is highly renowned.
  • Indra Bharti Bapu Ashram near Ghantvad.
  • Bhetali Kankai mata Temple near Alidar
  • Devayat Bodar Dham near Alidar Bodidar
  • Adinath mahadev temple in Aadpukar or Adpokar Village
  • shingoda dam
  • Ragatiya Dada Mandir ,pedhavada, kodinar-veraval highway

Political issues[edit]

The president of Kodinar Municipality, Shiva Solanki—who belongs to the Bharatiya Janata Party—was arrested in connection with the murder of Amit Jethwa, a RTI activist who had filed a PIL against illegal mining in the Gir Forests. Jethwa was shot dead on July 20, 2010. Solanki is nephew of Kodinar's MLA Dinu Solanki.[5][6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  2. ^ Gaur, A.S. "New evidence on Maritime Archaeology around Mul Dwarka (Kodinar), Gujarat Coast, India" (PDF). National Institute of Oceanography (CSIR). 
  3. ^ Gaur, A.S. "New evidence on Maritime Archaeology around Mul Dwarka (Kodinar), Gujarat Coast, India" (PDF). National Institute of Oceanography (CSIR). 
  4. ^ Gaur, A.S. "New evidence on Maritime Archaeology around Mul Dwarka (Kodinar), Gujarat Coast, India" (PDF). National Institute of Oceanography (CSIR). 
  5. ^ IBN, Live. "Amit Jethva Case". 
  6. ^ "BJP MP Dinu Solankis Nephew Arrested".  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)