Kofoworola Aina Moore
May 21, 1913
|Died||15 May 2002(aged 88)|
|Alma mater||CMS Girl's School, Lagos|
|Known for||being the first black African woman graduate of Oxford University, women's education in Nigeria.|
Oloori Kofoworola "Kofo" Aina Ademola, Lady Ademola MBE, MFR, OFR (née Moore; 21 May 1913 – 15 May 2002) was a Nigerian educationist who was the first president of the National Council of Women Societies in Nigeria and was the head of the women's organization from 1958 to 1964. She was the first black African woman to earn a degree from Oxford University and also an author of children's books.
Kofo was born to the family of the Lagos lawyer Omoba Eric Olawolu Moore, a member of an Egba royal family, and his wife Aida Arabella (née Vaughan), who descended from Scipio Vaughan (through whom she also had Cherokee ancestry). She was a first cousin of Oyinkan, Lady Abayomi and a niece of Oloori Charlotte Obasa. She spent half of her young life in Lagos and the other half in U.K. Ademola was educated at C.M.S. Girls School, Lagos; Vassar College, New York; Portway College, Reading and, from 1931 to 1935, St Hugh's College, Oxford. She earned a degree in education and English from Oxford, while at Oxford she wrote a 21-page autobiography at the insistence of Margery Perham to challenge British stereotypes about Africans, she wrote of her childhood as a mixture of western cultural orientation and African orientation.
She did not report overt racism while in Britain, but expressed annoyance at "being regarded as a 'curio' or some weird specimen of Nature’s product, not as an ordinary human being" and at "ineffectual remarks about our 'amazing cleverness' at being able to speak English and at being able to wear English clothes". Ademola returned to Nigeria in 1935 and took up appointment as a teacher at Queens College. While in Lagos she participated in some women organizations such as YWCA.
In 1939, she married Adetokunbo Ademola, a civil servant. They had five children. As the wife of a Yoruba prince, she was entitled to the style of Oloori - and as the daughter of one, she was herself an Omoba as well - but due to the fact that her husband was also a knight, it is as Lady Ademola that she was best known.
Her husband's work took the family to Warri and later to Ibadan, and Ademola established links with the women organizations in both towns.
An authorized biography of Kofoworola Aina Ademola, Gbemi Rosiji's Portrait of a Pioneer, was published in 1996.
While in Warri with her husband, Ademola was a member of a women's literary circle and was a teacher at Warri College. When she moved to Ibadan, she began to cultivate friendship with Elizabeth Adekogbe of the Council of Nigerian Women and Tanimowo Ogunlesi of the Women's Improvement Society. She was a member of the latter and was a bridge linking both organizations and a few others to form a collective organization. In 1958, when the National Council of Women Societies was formed she was chosen as the first president. As president, she became a board member of the International Council of Women.
Ademola was also a social worker, teacher and educator, she co-founded two schools: the Girls Secondary Modern School in Lagos and New Era Girls' Secondary School, Lagos. She was a director of the board of trustees of the United Bank for Africa and secretary of the Western Region Scholarship Board. She also wrote children's books, many of them based in West African folklore, including Greedy Wife and the Magic Spoon, Ojeje Trader and the Magic Pebbles, Tutu and the Magic Gourds, and Tortoise and the Clever Ant, all part of the "Mudhut Book" series.
She was appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire in 1959, receiving the award from Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother. Abubakar Tafawa Balewa's government awarded her the honour of membership of the Order of the Federal Republic.
- Kayode Soyinka (February 12, 1993). "Sir Adetokunbo Ademola". United Kingdom: The Independent.
- Lisa A. Lindsay; John Wood Sweet (2013). Biography and the Black Atlantic (The Early Modern Americas). University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 198. ISBN 978-0-8122-454-62.
- Jubril Olabode Aka (2012). Nigerian Women of Distinction, Honour and Exemplary Presidential Qualities: Equal Opportunities for All Genders (White, Black Or Coloured People). Trafford Publishing. p. 50. ISBN 978-1-46-6915-5-41.
- "Lady Ademola". Bookcraft. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
- Pamela Roberts (2014). Black Oxford: The Untold Stories of Oxford University's Black Scholars. Andrews UK Limited. ISBN 978-1-909-9301-48.
- "Meet Kofoworola Ademola, First African Woman To Graduate From Oxford University". Hope for Nigeria. October 31, 2019. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
- Horace Mann Bond (1972). Black American scholars: a study of their beginnings. University of Minnesota (Balamp Pub). p. 46.
- Lindsay; Sweet (2013). Biography and the Black Atlantic. p. 203.
- George 2014, p. 1898. sfn error: no target: CITEREFGeorge2014 (help)
- George 2014, p. 1899. sfn error: no target: CITEREFGeorge2014 (help)
- Ann Short Chirhart; Kathleen Ann Clark (2014). Georgia Women: Their Lives and Times, (Volume 2 Book collections on Project MUSE. 2. University of Georgia Press. p. 306. ISBN 978-0-820-3378-45.
- Umoren, Imaobong (October 2, 2015). "Kofoworola Moore at the University of Oxford". www.torch.ox.ac.uk. University of Oxford. Retrieved December 24, 2017.
- Ojewusi 1996, p. 276. sfn error: no target: CITEREFOjewusi1996 (help)
- Gbemi Rosiji, Portrait of a Pioneer: The Authorized Biography of Lady Kofoworola Aina Ademola, MBE, OFR (2nd edn Macmillan Nigeria, 2000). ISBN 9789783212855.
- Ojewusi 1996, p. 279. sfn error: no target: CITEREFOjewusi1996 (help)
- Children's Books, African Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania.
- Omotayo, Joseph (October 31, 2019). "Celebrating Kofoworola, 1st African woman to get a degree from Oxford University". Legit.ng - Nigeria news. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
- Ojewusi, Sola (1996). Speaking for Nigerian women: (a history of the National Council of Women's Societies, Nigeria). Abuja: All State Pub. and Print. Co.
- George, Abosede (2014). Making modern girls: a history of girlhood, labor, and social development in colonial Lagos. Athens: Ohio University Press.