Koga Domain (古河藩 Koga-han) was a feudal domain under the Tokugawa shogunate of Edo period Japan. It is located in Shimōsa Province, Honshū. The domain was centered at Koga Castle, located in what is the city of Koga in Ibaraki Prefecture.
During the Muromachi period, Koga was the seat of the Kantō kubō, under the Ashikaga clan, who vied with the Uesugi clan and with the Later Hōjō clan for control of eastern Japan. Ashikaga Ujinohime was the last Koga-kubo and owner of Koga domain of the Ashikaga lineage.
When Toyotomi Hideyoshi defeated the Hōjō at the Siege of Odawara, the area fell into his hands, and was subsequently assigned (along with the rest of the Kantō region) to Tokugawa Ieyasu. Ieyasu assigned Koga Castle to his grandson-in-law, Ogasawara Hidemasa as daimyō of Koga Domain, with assessed kokudaka of 30,000 koku.
During the Boshin War, the Tokugawa shogunate ordered the domain to provide guards on the foreign settlement at Yokohama. However, the domain capitulated almost immediately on the approach of the imperial forces. The final daimyō of Koga, Doi Toshitomo, served as domain governor until 1871, and was awarded the title of shishaku (marquis) under the kazoku peerage system. Koga Domain subsequently became part of Ibaraki Prefecture.
Bakumatsu period holdings
As with most domains in the han system, Koga Domain consisted of several discontinuous territories calculated to provide the assigned kokudaka, based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields.
- Shimōsa Province
- 27 villages in Katsushika District
- 2 villages in Sashima District
- Shimotsuke Province
- Settsu Province
- 5 villages in Nishinari District
- 4 villages in Sumiyoshi District
- 9 villages in Shimashimo
- 5 villages in Yatabe District
- 2 villages in Ubara District
- Harima Province
- Mimasaka Province
- 30 villages in Kumenanjo District
List of daimyōs
|#||Name||Tenure||Courtesy title||Court Rank||kokudaka||Notes|
|Ogasawara clan (fudai) 1590–1601|
|1||Ogasawara Hidemasa (小笠原秀政)||1590–1601||Hyōbu-daifu (兵部大輔)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||30,000 koku||transfer to Iida Domain|
|Toda-Matsudaira clan (fudai) 1602–1612|
|1||Matsudaira Yasunaga (松平康長)||1602–1612||Tamba-no-kami (丹波守)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||20,000 koku||transfer to Kasama Domain|
|Ogasawara clan (fudai) 1612–1619|
|1||Ogasawara Nobuyuki (小笠原信之)||1612–1614||Saemon-no-suke (左衛門佐)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||20,000 koku||transfer from Honjo Domain|
|2||Ogasawara Masanobu (小笠原政信)||1614–1619||Saemon-no-suke (左衛門佐)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||20,000 koku||transfer to Sekiyado Domain|
|Okudaira clan (fudai) 1619–1622|
|1||Okudaira Tadamasa] (奥平忠昌)||1619–1622||Mimasaka-no-kami (美作守)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||110,000 koku||transfer to Utsunomiya Domain|
|Nagai clan (fudai) 1622–1633|
|1||Nagai Naokatsu (永井直勝)||1622–1625||Ukon-no-daifu (右近大夫)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||72,000 koku||transfer from Kasama Domain|
|2||Nagai Naomasa (永井尚政)||1626–1633||Shinano-no-kami (信濃守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||72,000 koku||transfer to Yodo Domain|
|Doi clan (fudai) 1633–1681|
|1||Doi Toshikatsu (土井利勝)||1633–1644||Ooi-no-kami (大炊頭); Jijū (侍従)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||160,000 koku||from Sakura Domain|
|2||Doi Toshitaka (土井利隆)||1644–1658||Tōtōmi-no-kami (遠江守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||160,000→130,000 koku|
|3||Doi Toshishige (土井利重)||1658–1673||Ooi-no-kami (大炊頭)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||130,000→100,000 koku|
|4||Doi Toshihisa (土井利久)||1673–1675||-none-||-none-||100,000→70,000 koku|
|5||Doi Toshimasu (土井利益)||1675–1681||Suwo-no-kami (周防守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||70,000 koku||transfer to Shima Domain|
|Hotta clan (fudai) 1681–1685|
|1||Hotta Masatoshi (堀田正俊)||1681–1684||Chikuzen-no-kami (筑前守), Jijū (侍従)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||130,000 koku||transfer from Annaka Domain|
|2||Hotta Masanaka (堀田正仲)||1684–1685||Shimosa-no-kami (下総守)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||130,000 koku||transfer to Yamagata Domain|
|Matsudaira (Fujii) clan (fudai) 1685–1693|
|1||Matsudaira Nobuyuki (松平信之)||1685–686||Hyuga-no-kami (日向守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||90,000 koku||from Koriyama Domain|
|2||Matsudaira Tadayuki (松平忠之)||1686–1693||Hyuga-no-kami (日向守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||90,000 koku||dispossessed|
|Matsudaira (Nagasawa-Ōkōchi) clan (fudai) 1694–1712|
|1||Matsudaira Nobuteru (松平信輝)||1694–1709||Izu-no-kami (伊豆守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||70,000 koku||from Shima-Toba Domain|
|2||Matsudaira Nobutoki (松平信祝)||1709–1712||Izu-no-kami (伊豆守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||70,000 koku||to Yoshida Domain|
|Honda clan (fudai) 1712–1759|
|1||Honda Tadanaga (本多忠良)||1712–1751||Nakatsukasa-daiyu (中務大輔), Jijū (侍従)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||50,000 koku||from Kariya Domain|
|2||Honda Tadahisa (本多忠敞)||1751–1759||Nakatsukasa-daiyu (中務大輔)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||50,000 koku||transfer to Hamada Domain|
|Matsudaira (Matsui) clan (fudai) 1759–1762|
|1||Matsudaira Mitsuyuki (松平康福)||1759–1762||Suo-no-kami (周防守), Jijū (侍従)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||50,000 koku||transfer to Okazaki Domain|
|Doi clan (fudai) 1762–1871|
|1||Doi Toshisato (土井利里)||1762–1777||Ooi-no-kami (大炊頭); Jijū (侍従)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||70,000 koku|
|2||Doi Toshichika (土井利見)||1777–1777||Mimasaka-no-kami (美濃守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||70,000 koku|
|3||Doi Toshiatsu (土井利厚)||1777–1822||Ooi-no-kami (大炊頭); Jiju (侍従)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||70,000→80,000 koku|
|4||Doi Toshitsura (土井利位)||1822–1848||Ooi-no-kami (大炊頭); Jiju (侍従)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||80,000 koku|
|5||Doi Toshinari (土井利亨)||1848–1848||Ooi-no-kami (大炊頭)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||80,000 koku|
|6||Doi Toshinori (土井利則)||1848–1867||Ooi-no-kami (大炊頭)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||80,000 koku|
|7||Doi Toshitomo (土井利与)||1867–1871||Ooi-no-kami (大炊頭)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||80,000 koku|
- The content of this article was largely derived from that of the corresponding article on Japanese Wikipedia.
- Papinot, E (1910). Historical and Geographic Dictionary of Japan. Tuttle (reprint) 1972.
- (in Japanese) Koga Domain on "Edo 300 HTML"
- "Koga Castle" at JapaneseCastleExplorer.com; retrieved 2016-12-2.
- Mass, Jeffrey P. and William B. Hauser. (1987). The Bakufu in Japanese History, p. 150.
- Elison, George and Bardwell L. Smith (1987). Warlords, Artists, & Commoners: Japan in the Sixteenth Century, p. 18.