Koh Sotin District
Koh Sotin District (Khmer: ស្រុកកោះសុទិន) is a district (srok) located in Kampong Cham Province, Cambodia. The district capital is Chi Haer town located around 10 kilometres south of the provincial capital of Kampong Cham by water, but some 42 kilometres by road. The district borders on the southern bank of the Mekong River and includes the islands of Koh Sothin and Koh Mitt in its area.
The district is easily accessed by boat from Kampong Cham. Road access however, is via 12 kilometres of secondary road to National road 11 and then a further 18 kilometres to the intersection with National Highway 7. From this intersection in Tbong Khmom District is it a further 12 kilometres west to the provincial capital. This small relatively narrow district follows the south bank of the Mekong for about 25 kilometres. As the district is low lying, much of the land area of the district is inundated when the Mekong rises during the wet season.
An unusual birth
On 11 November 2004, Koh Sotin was home to an unusual birth. A two headed calf was born to a local farmer and a rumour quickly spread that it was a miracle that might help students pass their upcoming exams. Hundreds of students flocked to burn incense and make offerings to the dead calf, hoping that the miracle might increase their brainpower. The farmer who owned the animal packed the dead body in ice to slow decomposition and take advantage of the windfall. Hopeful pilgrims were willing to pay anything from a few cents to a few dollars for an audience with the deceased bovine.
Koh Sotin district is in southern Kampong Cham Province. The Mekong runs along the northern border of the district and the district boundary includes the river itself to midstream. Reading from the north clockwise, Koh Sotin shares a border with Kang Meas and Kampong Siem districts to the north and the district of Kampong Cham to the north east. Tbong Khmom and Ou Reang Ou districts are to the east. To the south is Sithor Kandal district of Prey Veng Province and Srei Santhor district lies on the western boundary.
The Koh Sotin district governor reports to His Excellency Hun Neng, the Governor of Kampong Cham. The following table shows the villages of Koh Sotin district by commune.
|Khum (Commune)||Phum (Villages)|
|Kampong Reab||Kaoh Chen Kraom, Kaoh Chen Leu, Kampong Reab Leu, Kampong Reab Kraom, Kampong Sdei Leu, Kampong Sdei Kraom, Kampong Sdei Kandal, Kampong Sdei Knong|
|Kaoh Soutin||Phum Muoy, Phum Pir, Phum Bei, Phum Buon, Phum Pram, Phum Prammuoy, Phum Prampir, Phum Prambei, Phum Prambuon, Phum Dab, Phum Dabmuoy, Phum Dabpir, Phum Dabbei, Phum Dabbuon|
|Lve||Damnak Svay, Roka Kaong, Preaek Kol, Bat Srei Totueng, Ambaeng Ches, Lve Leu, Lve Kraom, Tumpung, Preaek Ta Kae, Preaek Changkran|
|Moha Leaph||Chong Preaek, Moha Leaph Cheung, Moha Leaph Tboung, Roka Kaong Tboung, Roka Kaong Cheung, Damnak Pring Kaeut, Damnak Pring Lech, Roat Muni, Chrouy Saset, Preaek|
|Moha Khnhoung||Khpob, Mohasiek Leu, Mohasiek Kraom, Kampong Chamlang, Khnhoung Leu, Kandal Khnhoung, Chong Khnhoung, Angkor Chey Leu, Angkor Chey Kraom|
|Peam Prathnuoh||Phsar Thmei, Peam, Thmei, Krapeu Korm, Pak Nam, Chi Haer, Samraong, Moha Leaph, Pongro, Tuol Kdol, Veal, Tuol Kambot, Tuol Theat|
|Pongro||Kampong Ov Chrueng, Preaek Rumdeng Kaeut, Preaek Rumdeng Lech, Pongro Kaeut, Pongro Lech, Daeum Sdau, Pak Nam, Anlong Doung|
|Preaek Ta Nong||Preaek Ta Nong Muoy, Preaek Ta Nong Pir, Preaek Ta Nong Bei, Preaek Ta Nong Buon, Preaek Ta Nong Pram, Preaek Ta Nong Prammuoy, Preaek Ta Nong Prampir, Preaek Ta Nong Prambei, Preaek Ta Nong Prambuon, Preaek Ta Nong Dab, Preaek Ta Nong Dabmuoy, Preaek Ta Nong Dabpir, Preaek Ta Nong Dabbei|
The district is subdivided into 8 communes (khum) and 85 villages (phum). According to the 1998 Census, the population of the district was 70,672 persons in 14,187 households in 1998. With a population of over 70,000 people, Koh Sotin has one of the smallest populations for districts in Kampong Cham province after Dambae and Kampong Cham districts. The average household size in Koh Sotin is 5.0 persons per household, which is slightly smaller than the rural average for Cambodia (5.2 persons). The sex ratio in the district is 89.6%, with significantly more females than males.
- General Population Census of Cambodia, 1998: Village Gazetteer. National Institute of Statistics. February 2000. pp. 45–46.
- Total Road Atlas of Cambodia 2006 (3rd ed.). Total Cambodge. 2006. p. 44.
- "Flood Analysis with RADARSAT-1 Data Recorder" (PDF). UNOSAT. 19 August 2008. Retrieved 2009-02-02.
- "Two-headed calf idolized". Taipei Times. Nov 15, 2004. Retrieved 2009-02-03.
- "Two-headed calf believed to boost brain power". Iol - from Supa dpa. November 14, 2004. Retrieved 2009-02-03.
- "Kampong Cham Provincial Resources". Ministry of Commerce. Archived from the original on 5 January 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-25.
- "Kampong Cham Administration". Royal Government of Cambodia. Archived from the original on 10 February 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-03.
- General Population Census of Cambodia, 1998: Village Gazetteer. National Institute of Statistics. February 2000. pp. 32–73.